Stingless Bees (Meliponinae)

  • Friedrich Ruttner


Bombinae and Meliponinae are the only reasonably close relatives of honeybees. Since Meliponinae have many biological characteristics in common with Apinae (storage of honey, production and use of wax, perennial colonies of sometimes considerable size, division of labor), and since workers of some of the (bigger) species at first glance greatly resemble Apis workers (Fig. 2.1), they were even named “stingless honeybees” in contrast to the “true honeybees”, Apis (Winston and Michener 1977).


Fore Wing Abdominal Tergite Nest Temperature Wing Venation Nest Cover 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Friedrich Ruttner
    • 1
  1. 1.Lunz am SeeAustria

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