Advertisement

Perturbations of Cellular Circadian Rhythms by Light and Temperature

  • L. Rensing
  • W. Schill
Part of the Springer Series in Synergetics book series (SSSYN, volume 36)

Abstract

The main natural “Zeitgeber”-periodicities for circadian rhythms are the cycles of light and temperature in the course of a solar day. They entrain the endogenous circadian oscillation of organisms to exactly 24 h, or perturb (phase shift) the oscillation in cases of transmeridian flights or shift work. The entrained state itself is a dynamic state of repetitive changes of phase, amplitude and period of the endogenous oscillation caused by the Zeitgeber periodicity. Two classes of effects of the Zeitgeber can be distinguished especially in the rectangular form of light and temperature cycles in the laboratory: a) differential (phasic) effects of the different directions (up and down) of change, and b) proportional (tonic) effects of longer exposures to higher or lower intensities. Differential and proportional effects, can to some extent, be tested separately either 1) by applying steps or pulses of light, dark or different temperatures and by analysing the resulting phase shifts (Δ ρ) of the circadian oscillator, or 2) by exposing the oscillator to different constant light intensities or temperatures and by analysing the resulting changes of τ and amplitude (A). A third approach is to abolish (“hold”) the circadian oscillation by long exposures to light or high temperature and then initiate the oscillation by a single transfer to darkness or lower temperature and then to analyse the subsequent phasing of the rhythm (1,2).

Keywords

Degradation Rate Circadian Rhythm Circadian Clock Synthesis Rate Period Length 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    D. Njus, L. McMurry, J.W. Hastings: J. Comp. Physiol. 117, 335 (1977)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    V. Gooch: In Temporal Order, ed. By. L. Rensing, N. Jaeger (Springer, Heidelberg 1985)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. Bünning: In The Physiological Clock (Springer, Heidelberg 1977)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    G. Cornelius, L. Rensing: Bio Systems 15, 35 (1982)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    J. Aschoff: In “Circadian Clocks”, ed. by J. Aschoff (North-Holland, Amsterdam 1965)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    C.S. Pittendrigh: In Handbook of Behavioral Neurobiology V, Chap. 7, Plenum Press, New York (1981)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    C. Kasal, J.R. Perez-Polo: TIBS, 59 (Febr. 1982)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    H. Senger (ed): In Blue Light Effects in Biological Systems (Springer, Heidelberg 1984)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    T.D. Lamb: Trends in Neurosci. 9, 224 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    W. Baehr, M.L. Applebury: Trends in Neurosci. 9, 198 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    L. Stryer: Ann. Rev. Neurosci. 9, 87 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    P. Sterling, M. Freed, R.G. Smith: Trends in Neurosci. 9, 186 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    R.F. Miller, M.M. Slaughter: Trends in Neurosci. 9, 211 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    B. Rusack: In Vertebrate Circadian Systems, Structure and Physiology, ed. by J. Aschoff, S. Daan, G. Gross (Springer, Heidelberg 1982) p. 62Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    C.P. Downes: Trends in Neurosci. 6, 313 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    V. Munoz, W.L. Butler: Plant Physiol. 55, 421 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    R.D. Brain, J.A. Freeberg, C.V. Weiss, W.R. Briggs: Plant Physiol. 59, 948 (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    J. Paietta, M.L. Sargent: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 78, 5573 (1981)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    W. Schmidt: In Blue Light Effects in Biological Systems ed. by H. Senger (Springer, Heidelberg 1984)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    C.E. Borgson, B.J. Bowman: Plant Physiol. 78, 433 (1985)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    A.W. Lambowitz, C.W. Slayman, C.L. Slayman, W.D. Bonner: J. Biol. Chem. 247, 1536 (1972)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    R. Schulz, U. Pilatus, L. Rensing: Chronobiol. Intern. 2, (1985)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    T.V. Potapova, N.N. Levina, T.A. Belozerskaya, L.M. Chailakhian, M.S. Kritsky: Arch. Microbiol. 137, 262 (1984)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    M.S. Kritsky, T.P. Afanasieva, T.A. Belozerskaya, L.M. Chailakhian, E.K. Chernysheva, S.Yu Filippowich, N.N. Levina, T.V. Potapova, V. Yu Sokolovsky: In “Blue Light Effect in Biological Systems” ed. by H. Senger (Springer, Heidelberg 1984)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    H. Nakashima, Y. Fujimura: Planta 155, 431 (1982)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    H. Nakashima: Plant Phyisol. 70, 982 (1982)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    H. Nakashima, F. Feldman: Photochem. Photobiol. 32, 247 (1980)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    D. Techel, L. Rensing: unpubl. experimentsGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    R.W. Harding, R.V. Turner: Plant Physiol. 68, 745 (1981)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    M.S. Kritsky, V. Yu. Sokolevsky, T.A. Belozerskays, E.K. Shernysheva: Arch. Microbiol. 133, 208 (1982)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    U. Mitzka-Schnabel, E. Warm, W. Rau: In Blue Light Effects in Biological Systems ed. by H. Senger (Springer, Heidelberg 1984)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    J.A.A. Chambers, K. Hinkelammert, V.E.A. Russo: The EMBO Journal 4, 3649 (1985)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    V.Y.A. Alexandrov: In Cells, Molecules and Temperature (Springer, Heidelberg 1977)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    M. Ashburner, J.J. Bonner: Cell 17, 241 (1979)Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    M.J. Schlesinger, M. Ashburner, A. Tissières: In Heat Shock From Bacteria to Man (Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory 1982)Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    L. Nover: In Heat Shock Response in Eukaryotic Cells (Springer, Heidelberg 1984)Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    M.J. Schlesinger: J. Cell Biol. 103, 321 (1986)Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    L. Rensing, A. Bos, J. Kröger, G. Cornelius, unpubl.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    G. Weitzel, U. Pilatus, L. Rensing: Exp. Cell Res. 159, 252 (1985)Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    J.A.S. Drummond, S.A. McClure, M. Poenie, R.S. Tsien, R. Steinhardt: Mol. Cell Biol. 6, 1767 (1986)Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    S.K. Calderwood, M.S. Stevenson, G.M. Hahn: Biochem. Biophys. Res. Comm. 126, 911 (1985)Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    V. Ernst, E. Baum, Reddy, P.: In Heat Shock From Bacteria to Man Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory 1982Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    J.M. Kennedy, R.H. Surdon, D.P. Leader: FEBS 169, 267 (1984)Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    B.C. Goodwin: Adv. Enzyme Regul. 3, 425 (1965)Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    K. Drescher, G. Cornelius, L. Rensing: J. theor. Biol. 94, 345 (1982)Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    L. Rensing, W. Schill: In Temporal Order, ed. L. Rensing, N. Jaeger (Springer, Heidelberg 1985)Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    H. Nakashima: Plant Physiol. 76, 612 (1984)Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    H. Nakashima: Plant Physiol. 74, 268 (1984)Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    G. Cornelius, L. Rensing: Europ. J. Cell Biol. 40, 130 (1986)Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    J. Jacklet: Biol. Bull. 160, 199 (1981)Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    J. Aschoff: In Cold Spring Harb. Symp. quant. Biol. 25, 11 (1960)Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    B. Sweeney, J.W. Hastings: In Cold Spring Harb. Symp. quant. Biol. 25, 87 (1960)Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    G. Scholübbers, W. Taylor, L. Rensing: Am.J. Physiol. 247, R250 (1984)Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    A. Schroeder-Lorenz, L. Rensing: Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 85B, 315 (1986)Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    B.M. Sweeney: Plant Physiol. 64, 341 (1979)Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    G.F. Gardner, J.F. Feldman: Plant Physiol. 68, 1244 (1981)Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    M.L. Sargent, W.R. Briggs, D.W. Woodward: Plant Physiol. 4l, 1343 (1966)Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    C.S. Pittendrigh, V.G. Bruce, N.S. Rosenzweig, M.L. Rubin: Nature 184, 169 (1959)Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    J.W. Hastings, J.C. Dunlap, W.R. Taylor: In Current Topics in Cell Regul. 18, (Academic Press, New York 1981) p. 519Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    B.G. Hall: J. Bacteriol. 156, 1363 (1983)Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    R.L. Hallberg: Mol. Cell Biol. 6, 2267 (1986)Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    R.L. Hallberg, K.W. Kraus, E.M. Hallberg: Mol. Cell Biol.5, 2061 (1985)Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    C.D. Francis, M.L. Sargent: Plant Physiol. 64, 1000 (1979)Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    C.S. Pittendrigh: In Cold Spring Harbor Symp. quant. Biol. 25, 159 (1960)Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    M.L. Sargent, W.R. Briggs: Plant Physiol. 42, 1304 (1967)Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    J. Perlman, H. Nakashima, J.F. Feldman: Plant Physiol. 67, 404 (1981)Google Scholar
  67. 67.
    H. Nakashima: In Circadian Clocks and Zeitgebers, ed. by T. Hiroshyge and and K. Honma (Hokkaido Univ. Press, Sapporo 1985) p. 35Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    L. Rensing, R.Olomski, K.Drescher: Bio Systems 15, 341 (1982)Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    H. Nakashima, J. Perlman, J.F. Feldman: Amer. J. Physiol. 241, 31 (1981)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Rensing
    • 1
  • W. Schill
    • 1
  1. 1.Biology/Mathematics DepartmentUniversity of BremenBremenFed. Rep. of Germany

Personalised recommendations