• Julien Glicenstein
  • Jacques Ohana
  • Caroline Leclercq


Leiomyomata are benign tumours arising from smooth-muscle fibres. The first cases reported in the literature are attributed to Virchow (1854, cited by Stout 1953) and Forster (1858 cited by Howard 1948), and the most complete studies are those of Stout 1937, Magner and Mill (1961), and Neviaser and Newman (1977). Lever (1967) distinguishes two forms of this lesion, multiple cutaneous leiomyomata and solitary angioleiomyoma, depending on the origin of the tumour. A tumour may arise either from the erector muscles of the hairs and sweat glands or from the vascular (especially the venous) walls. In any case, these lesions seem relatively common, especially in the upper limb. In a series of 84 cases, Neviaser and Newman (1977) reported 24 situated below the elbow (30%), of which 10 were in the forearm, 2 at the wrist and 12 in the hand. The dorsum of the hand is more often involved (Stout 1953), but other sites have been described, such as the thumb (Matton and Defloor 1974) and the first interosseous space (Hauswald et al. 1975). Leiomyomata may occur at any age, particularly around 50 years old, affecting both sexes and both sides with equal frequency.


Sweat Gland Equal Frequency Lated Tumour Vein Wall Malignant Degeneration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Hauswald KR, Kasdan ML, Weiss DL (1975) Vascular leiomyoma of the hand. Plast Reconstr Surg 55 /1: 89–91PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Howard LD Jr (1948) Tumors of the hand. In: Bunnell (ed) Surgery of the hand, 2nd edn. Lippincott, Philadelphia, p 909Google Scholar
  3. Lever WF (1967) Histopathology of the skin. Lippincott, Philadelphia, pp 675–677Google Scholar
  4. Magner D, Mill DP (1961) Encapsulated angiomyoma of the skin. 2nd subcutaneous tissues. Am J Clin Pathol 35: 137PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Matton G, Defloor E (1974) Benign tumors of the hand. Acta Orthop Belg 40 /2: 184–185Google Scholar
  6. Neviaser RJ, Newman W (1977) Dermal angiomyoma of the upper extremity. J Hand Surg 2 /4: 271–274Google Scholar
  7. Stout AP (1937) Solitary cutaneous and subcutaneous leiomyomas. Am J Cancer 29: 435Google Scholar
  8. Stout AP (1953) Tumors of soft tissues. Armed forces institute of pathology, WashingtonGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julien Glicenstein
    • 1
  • Jacques Ohana
    • 2
  • Caroline Leclercq
    • 3
  1. 1.ParisFrance
  2. 2.ParisFrance
  3. 3.ParisFrance

Personalised recommendations