Hydroxyproline-Rich Glycoproteins (Hrgps) in Infected Plants : Signaling, Accumulation and Gene Expression

  • D. Rumeau
  • D. Mazau
  • M. T. Esquerré-Tugayé
Conference paper
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 4)

Abstract

Defense responses are initiated in plants as a result of recognition of self and non -self . Research on cell surfaces in plant-microorganism interactions have shown during the past ten years that the cell wall plays a key role both as a source of signal molecules (Darvill and Albersheim 1984), and as a site of signal-induced defense responses. The accumulation of hydroxyproline-rich glycoproteins (HRGPs), and the enhanced deposition of lignin-like material account for such responses (Bell 1981; Esquerré-Tugayé et al 1979). This paper is concerned with hydroxyproline-rich glycoproteins, under the double point of view of :
  1. 1.

    summarizing the data in favor of its accumulation as a defense response, and

     
  2. 2.

    defining HRGPs at the chemical and molecule levels.

     

Keywords

Sugar Cellulose Codon Lignin Serine 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bell AA (1981) Biochemical mechanisms of disease resistance. Annu Rev Plant Physiol 32: 21–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chen J, Varner JE (1985) Isolation and characterization of cDNA clones for carrot extensin and a proline-rich 33 k-Da protein. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 82: 4399–4403.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Clarke AE (1986) Tissue-specific responses to recognition of self and non self. In: UCLA Symposia on molecular and cellular biology 15th Annual Meetings “Molecular strategies for crop protection”. March 30–April 12 1986. J Cell Biochem Suppl 10 C: abstract J 1. Alan R Liss Inc New York.Google Scholar
  4. Darvill AG, Albersheim P (1984) Phytotoalexins and their elicitors. Annu Rev Plant Physiol 35: 243–275.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Edge ASB, Faltynck CR, Hof L, Reicherts LE, Weber P (1981) Deglycosylation of glycoproteins by trifluoromethanesulfonic acid. Anal Biochem 118: 131–137.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Esquerré-Tugayé MT, Mazau D (1974) Effect of a fungal disease on extensin, the plant cell wall glycoprotein. J Exp Bot 25: 509–513.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Esquerré-Tugayé MT, Lafitte C, Mazau D, Toppan A, Touzé A (1979) Cell surfaces in plant-microorganism interactions. II Evidence for the accumulation of hydroxyproline-rich glycoproteins in the cell wall of diseased plants as a defense mechanism. Plant Physiol 64: 320–326.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Esquerré-Tugayé MT, Mazau D, Pélissier B, Roby D, Rumeau D, Toppan A (1985) Induction by elicitors and ethylene of proteins associated to the defense of plants. In: Cellular and Molecular Biology of Plant Stress, Alan R Liss Inc, P 459.Google Scholar
  9. Giebel J, Stobiecka M (1974) Role of amino acids in plant tissue response to Heterodera rostochiensis. I. Protein proline and hydroxyproline content in roots of susceptible and resistant solanaceous plants. Nematologica 20: 407.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hammerschmidt R, Lamport DTA, Muldoon EP (1984) Cell wall hydroxyproline enhancement and lignin deposition as an early event in the resistance of cucumber to Cladosporium cucumerinum. Physiol Plant Path 24: 43–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hargreaves JA, Bailey JA (1978) Phytoalexin production by hypocotyls of Phaseolus vulgaris in response to constitutive metabolites released by damaged cells. Physiol Plant Pathol 13: 89–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Lamport DTA, Northcote DH (1960) Hydroxyproline in primary cell walls of higher plants. Nature 188: 665–666.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Lamport DTA (1965) The protein component of primary cell walls. Advan Bot Res 2: 151–218.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Leach JE, Cantrell MA, Sequeira L (1982) Hydroxyproline-rich bacterial agglutinin from potato. Plant Physiol 70: 1353–1358.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Mazau D, Rumeau D, Esquerré-Tugayé MT (1986) Biochemical study of hydroxyproline-rich glycoproteins in plant-pathogen interactions In: Bailey JA (ed) “Biology and molecular biology of plant-pathogen interactions” 1–6 September 1985. Plenum Press (in press).Google Scholar
  16. Mazau D, Esquerré-Tugayé MT (1986) Hydroxyproline-rich glycoprotein accumulation in the cell walls of plants infected by various pathogens. Physiol Plant Pathol (in press).Google Scholar
  17. Mellon JE, Helgeson JP (1982) Interaction of a hydroxyproline-rich glycoprotein from Tobacco callus with potential pathogens. Plant Physiol 70: 401–405.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Roby D, Toppan A, Esquerré-Tugayé MT (1985) Cell surfaces in plant-microorganims interactions. V. Elicitors of fungal and of plant origin trigger the synthesis of ethylene and of cell wall hydroxyproline-rich glycoprotein in plants. Plant Physiol 77: 700–704.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Showalter AM, Bell JN, Cramer CL, Bailey JA, Varner JE, Lamb C (1985) Accumulation of hydroxyproline-rich glycoprotein mRNAs in response to fungal elicitor and infection. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 82: 6551–6555.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Smith JJ, Muldoon EP, Lamport DTA (1984) Isolation of extensin precursors by direct elution of intact tomato cell suspension cultures. Phytochem 23: 1233–1238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Stermer BA, Hammerschmidt R (1984) Disease resistance induced by heat shock: association with ethylene production and cell wall HRGP accumulation. In: 13th Annual UCLA Symposia “Cellular and Molecular Biology of Plant Stress”. March 31–April 29 1984. J Cell Biochem Suppl 8B: abstract p 257. Alan R Liss Inc New York.Google Scholar
  22. Stuart DA, Varner JE (1980) Purification and characterization of a salt-extractable hydroxyproline-rich glycoprotein from aerated carrot discs. Plant Physiol 66: 787–792.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Toppan A, Roby D, Esquerré-Tugayé MT (1982) Cell surfaces in Plant-Microorganism interactions. III. In vivo effect of ethylene on hydroxyproline-rich glycoprotein accumulation in the cell wall of diseased plants. Plant Physiol 70: 82–86.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Yariv J, Rapport MM, Graf L (1962) The interaction of glycosides and saccharides with antibody to the corresponding phenylazo glycosides. Biochem J 85: 383–388.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Rumeau
    • 1
  • D. Mazau
    • 1
  • M. T. Esquerré-Tugayé
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre de Physiologie Végétale, UA 241 CNRSToulouseFrance

Personalised recommendations