Muscle Thixotropy and Its Effect on Spindle and Reflex Responses to Stretch

  • K.-E. Hagbarth
  • J. V. Hägglund
  • M. Nordin
  • E. U. Wallin
Part of the Advances in Applied Neurological Sciences book series (NEUROLOGICAL, volume 4)

Abstract

A thixotropic substance is characterized by the fact that its stiffness or viscosity is dependent on the past history of movement. The word is commonly used for gels, which become fluid when shaken or stirred and which then gradually regain their original high viscosity after a period of rest. Stirring forces in such solutions tend to disrupt bonds between molecules, which then reform when the stirring forces cease.

Keywords

Torque Tungsten Assure Hunt Lidocaine 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Baumann TK, Emonet-Dénand F, Hulliger M (1983) Temporal characteristics of the sensitivity-enhancing after-effects of fusimotor activity on spindle IA afferents. Brain Res 258: 139–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Brown MS, Goodwin GM, Matthews PBC (1969) After-effects of fusimotor stimulation on the response of muscle spindle primary afferent endings. J Physiol (Lond) 205: 677–694Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Brown MC, Goodwin GM, Matthews PBC (1970) The persistence of stable bonds between actin and myosin filaments of intrafusal muscle fibres following their activation. J Physiol (Load) 210: 9–10Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Buchthal F, Kaiser E (1951) The rheology of the cross-striated muscle fibre with special reference to isotonic conditions. Danske Biologiske Meddeleser 21: 7, 1–318Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Emonet-Dénand F, Hunt CC, Laporte Y (1983) Persistent effects of fusimotor activity and muscle stretch on responses of primary endings to dynamic gamma stimulation in cat soleus spindles. J Physiol (Lond) 345: 101 PGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hagbarth K-E, Hägglund JV, Nordin M, Wallin EU (1986) Thixotropic behaviour of human finger flexor muscles with accompanying changes in spindle and reflex responses to stretch. J Physiol (Loud) 368: 323–342Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hill DK (1968) Tension due to the interaction between the sliding filaments in resting striated muscle. The effect of stimulation. J Physiol (Loud) 199: 637–684Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Joyce GC, Rack MH, Westbury DR (1969) The mechanical properties of cat soleus muscle during controlled lengthening and shortening movements. J Physiol (Lond) 204: 461–474Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kabat H (1950) Studies on neuromuscular dysfunction XIII: new concepts and techniques of neuromuscular reeducation for paralysis. Permanente Foundation Med Bull 8: 121–143Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Knott M, Voss DE (1968) Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation: techniques. Harper & Row, New York, pp 91–100Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lakie M, Walsh EG, Wright GW (1984) Resonance at the wrist demonstrated by the use of a torque motor, an instrumental analysis of muscle tone in man. J Physiol (Loud) 353: 265–285Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Moore MA, Hutton RS (1980) Electromyographic investigation of muscle stretching techniques. Med Sci Sports Exerc 12: 322–329PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Morgan DL, Prochazka A, Proske U (1984) The after-effects of stretch and fusimotor stimulation on the responses of primary endings of cat muscle spindles. J Physiol (Lond) 356: 465–477Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Nichols TR, Houk JC (1976) Improvement in linearity and regulation of stiffness that results from action of stretch reflex. J Neurophysiol 39: 119–142PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Poppele RE, Quick DC (1981) Stretch-induced contraction of intrafusal muscle in cat muscle spindle. J Neurosci 1: 1069–1074PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Proske U (1975) Stretch-evoked potentiation of responses of muscle spindles in the cat. Brain Res 88: 378–383PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Smith JL, Hutton RS, Eldred E (1974) Postcontraction changes in sensitivity of muscle afferents to static and dynamic stretch. Brain Res 78: 193–202PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • K.-E. Hagbarth
    • 1
  • J. V. Hägglund
    • 1
  • M. Nordin
    • 1
  • E. U. Wallin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Clinical NeurophysiologyUppsala University, Akademiska SjukhusetUppsalaSweden

Personalised recommendations