Neurotransmitters and Neuromodulators



It has been long appreciated that a large number of different substances likely to be neurotransmitters and neuromodulators are present in all nervous systems, from the simplest to the most complex. One of the fundamental questions that has puzzled neurobiologists through the decades is why there are so many different substances used as signaling molecules.


Pacemaker Potential Stomatogastric Ganglion Stomatogastric Nervous System Rhythmic Gastric Mill Pyloric Rhythm 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

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