Shoulder Arthropathy

  • R. Freiberger
Conference paper
Part of the Radiology Today book series (RADIOL.TODAY, volume 4)


The shoulder’s range of motion is achieved by a lack of bony support for a joint which is stabilized by musculotendinous structures. The glenoid fossa, a shallow saucer-type structure, is not as flat as it appears on tengential roentgenograms, since it is reinforced at its margin by a fibrocartilaginous la- brum invisible by X-ray, but visible by arthrogram with CT. The humeral head is primarily stabilized by the rotator cuff, consisting of the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, and teres minor tendons, which attach to the greater tuberosity in an anteroposterior order, and the subscapularis, which attaches to the lesser tuberosity. The biceps tendon inserts at the superior margin of the glenoid fossa, while its intraarticular portion traverses the joint and exits through the bicipital groove, covered for a short distance by a synovial sleeve. The deltoid muscle is separated from the rotator cuff by the subdeltoid bursa, which is continuous with the subacromial bursa but which does not communicate with the shoulder joint, being separated from it by the intact rotator cuff.


Rotator Cuff Humeral Head Freeze Shoulder Glenoid Fossa Bicipital Groove 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Freiberger RH, Edeiken J, Jacobson HG, Norman A (1976) Bone disease (2nd series), syllabus set 9, section IV. American College of Radiology, pp 334–335Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Freiberger RH, Kaye J J (1979) Arthrography. Appleton Century Crofts, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Goldman AB (1984) Procedures in skeletal radiology. Grune and Stratton, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hill HA, Sachs MD (1940) The grooved defect of the humeral head. Radiology 34: 690Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Huber DJ, Sauter R, Mueller E, Requardt H, Weber H (1986) MR imaging of the normal shoulder. Radiology 158: 405–408PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lewis RW (1955) The joints of the extremities: a radiographic study. Thomas, SpringfieldGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Moseley HF (1969) Shoulder lesions, 3rd edn. Livingstone, LondonGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Freiberger

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations