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The Influence of the Extent of the Heated Skin Area on Transcutaneous Oxygen Pressure

  • F. Fallenstein
  • R. Lemke
  • J. M. Steinacker
  • R. E. Wodick
  • A. Huch
  • R. Huch
  • D. W. Lübbers
Conference paper

Abstract

Transcutaneous (tc) blood gas measurement [1] can be considered the standard method in the field of neonatology worldwide [2, 3]. In the beginning stages, when commercial tcPO2 monitors first came on to the market, various studies were carried out which were devoted, among other things, to establishing the ideal electrode temperature. All of these investigations confirmed that the higher the electrode temperature, the smaller the absolute difference between tcPO2 and arterially measured PO2 (PaO2), i. e., the closer the correlation between PaO2 and tcPO2 [4]. The problem, however, is that higher temperatures raise the risk of damaging the skin, from severe redness up to first degree burns, with the duration of continuous electrode application playing an important role.

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References

  1. 1.
    Huch, R., A.Huch, D.W.Lübbers: Transcutaneous PO2. Thieme-Verlag/Stratton, New York (1981)Google Scholar
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    Huch, A., R.Huch, J.F.Lueey (eds.): Continuous Transcutaneous Blood Gas Monitoring. R. Liss, New York (1979)Google Scholar
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    Huch, R., A.Huch (eds.): Continuous Transcutaneous Blood Gas Monitoring. M.Dekker, New York (1983)Google Scholar
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    Loefgren, O., L. Jacobson: The Influence of Different Electrode Temperatures on the Recorded Transcutaneous PO2 Level. Pediatrics 64 (1979) 892–897Google Scholar
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    Huch, A., K.Meinzer, D.Seiler, F.Fallenstein, D.W.Lübbers, R.Huch: A Modified tcPO2 Electrode: A New Concept Using Diathermy. In [2] S. 103–107Google Scholar
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    Fallenstein, F., W.Nef, A. Huch, R.Huch: Effect of Stripping on the Level and Variability of Transcutaneous PO2. In [3] S. 161–167Google Scholar
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    Lemke, R., D.Klaus, D.W.Lübbers: Experiences with the commercially available tcPO2 electrode in adults. In [3], S. 143–151Google Scholar
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    Steinacker, J. M., R.E.Wodick: Transcutaneous Measurement of Arterial PO2 in Adults: Design of an Improved Electrode. In [2] S. 133–141Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Fallenstein
  • R. Lemke
  • J. M. Steinacker
  • R. E. Wodick
  • A. Huch
  • R. Huch
  • D. W. Lübbers

There are no affiliations available

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