Inclination of the Odontoid Process in Children and Adults - an Anatomical and Functional Investigation

  • J. Koebke
  • K.-S. Saternus
Part of the Advances in Neurosurgery book series (NEURO, volume 14)

Abstract

The odontoid process of the axis is the most peculiar structure of the upper cervical spine. It is the center of the median atlantoaxial joint, which functions as a pivot articulation. The annular articulation, formed by the anterior arch and the transverse ligament of the atlas, is apposed to the anterior and posterior surfaces of the odontoid. The axis of the odontoid process does not generally coincide with that of the body of the second cervical vertebra in adults. Depending on the very individual curve of the cervical column, the odontoid might be straight or inclined dorsally or ventrally (5, 6 ). The purpose of this paper is to analyze the nature of distortion in the odontoid. This includes measurement and comparison of its degree of inclination both in young children and in adults. X-rays of median-sagittal sections of the odontoid which were made for the study of trabecular structure in adults were functionally interpreted on the basis of density distribution and architecture with respect to the degree of odontoid angulation.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Drexler, L.: Röntgenanatomische Untersuchungen über Form und Krümmung der Halswirbelsaule in den verschiedenen Lebensaltern. Die Wirbelsaule in Forschung und Praxis, Bd. 23. Hippokrates, Stuttgart 1962Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fick, R.: Handbuch der Anatomie und Mechanik der Gelenke. 3. Teil: Spezielle Gelenk- und Muskelmechanik. Fischer, Jena 1911Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gray, H.: Anatomie of the human body, 24 th ed. Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia 1942Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Koebke, J.: Morphological and functional studies on the odontoid process of the human axis. Anat. Embryol. 155, 197–208 (1979)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Krmptotić-Nemanić, J., Keros, P.: Funktionale Bedeutung der Adaptation des Dens axis beim Menschen. Verh. Anat. Ges. 67, 393–397 (1973)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lanz, T.v., Wachsmuth, W.: Praktische Anatomie. Bd. 1, Teil 1 B, Gehirn und Augenschädel. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York 1979Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lewit, K., Krausová, L.: Messungen von Vor- und Rückbeuge in den Kopfgelenken. Fortschr. Rötgenstr. 99, 538–543 (1963)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    McRae, D.: Bony abnormalities in the region of the foramen magnum: correlation of the anatomic and neurologic findings. Acta Radiolog. 40, 335–355 (1953)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Koebke
    • 1
  • K.-S. Saternus
    • 1
  1. 1.Anatomisches Institut der Universität zu KölnKöln 41Germany

Personalised recommendations