Papillomavirus Infections in Animals

  • J. P. Sundberg

Abstract

Papillomaviruses have been associated with a number of hyperplastic and neoplastic lesions in a wide variety of vertebrate species (Tables 1–3). In humans, induced lesions are usually papillomas, some of which, notably those of the lower genital tract and skin, may progress to squamous cell carcinomas. It is now known that many genetically different papillomaviruses infect human beings, that specific types have predilections for particular anatomical sites, and certain types are known to be associated with lesions that progress to carcinoma. It is not surprising to find that similar, if not identical, situations exist in other animal species.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Amstutz HE (1978) Treatment of warts in cattle. Mod Vet Pract 59: 650Google Scholar
  2. Amtmann E, Muller H, Sauer G (1980) Equine connective tissue tumors contain unintegrated bovine papillomavirus DNA. J Viro135: 962–964Google Scholar
  3. Amtmann E, Volm M, Wayss K (1984) Tumour induction in the rodent Mastomys natalensis by activation of endogenous papilloma virus genomes. Nature 308: 291–292PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Anderson DE, Lush JL, Chambers D (1957) Studies on bovine ocular squamous carcinoma (“cancer eye”). II. Relationship between eyelid pigmentation and occurrence of cancer eye lesions. J Anim Sci 16: 739–746Google Scholar
  5. Appleby EC (1969) Tumours in captive wild animals: some observations and comparisons. Acta Zool Pathol Antverpiensia 48: 77–92Google Scholar
  6. Asashima M, Komazaki S (1980) Spontaneous progressive skin papilloma in newts (Cynops pyrrhogaster). Proceedings of Japan Academy 56: 638–642CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Asashima M, Komazaki S, Satou C, Oinuma T (1982) Seasonal and geographical changes of spontaneous skin papilloma in the Japanese newt Cynops pyrrhogaster. Cancer Res 42: 3741–3746PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Asashima M, Oinuma T, Matsuyama H, Nagano M (1985) Effects of temperature on papilloma growth in the newt, Cynops pyrrhogaster. Cancer Res 45: 1198–1205PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Bagdonas V, Olson C (1953) Observations on the epizootiology of cutaneous papillomatosis (warts) of cattle. J Am Vet Med Assoc 122: 393–397PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Bagdonas V, Olson C (1954) Observations on immunity in cutaneous bovine papillomatosis. Am J Vet Res 15: 240–245PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Baker JR, Leyland A (1975) Histological survey of tumours of the horse, with particular reference to those of the skin. Vet Rec 96: 419–422PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Banasiak CF (1961) Deer in Maine. Maine Dept Inland Fisheries and Game Bull 6: 1–159Google Scholar
  13. Barker IK, Mallory FF, Brooks RJ (1982) Spontaneous gastric squamous cell carcinomas and other neoplasms in greenland collared lemmings (Dicrostonty groenlandicus). Can J Comp Med 46: 307–313PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Barthold SW, Olson C (1974a) Membrane antigen of bovine papillomavirus induced fibroma cells. J Natl Cancer Inst 52: 737–742PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Barthold SW, Olson C (1974b) Fibroma regression in relation to antibody and challenge immunity to bovine papillomavirus. Cancer Res 34: 2436–2439PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Barthold SW, Koller LD, Olson C, Studer E, Holton A (1974) Atypical warts in cattle. J Am Vet Med Assoc 165: 276–280PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Barthold SW, Olson C, Larson LL (1976) Precipitin response of cattle to commercial wart vaccine. Am J Vet Res 37: 449–451PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Belkin PV (1979) Ocular lesions in canine oral papillomatosis. Vet Med Small Anim Clin 74: 1520–1527PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Beran GW (1976) Bovine cystic hematuria in the Philippines: a report of an enzootic area. J Am Vet Med Assoc 149: 1686–1690Google Scholar
  20. Berenblum I (1941) The cocarcinogenic action of croton resin. Cancer Res 1: 44–48Google Scholar
  21. Black PH, Hartley JW, Rowe WP, Huebner RJ (1963) Transformation of bovine tissue culture cells by bovine papillomavirus. Nature 199: 1016–1018PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Blodi FC, Ramsey FK (1967) Ocular tumors in domestic animals. Am J Ophthalmol 64: 627–633PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Boever WJ (1976) Interdigital corns in a black rhinoceros. Vet Med Small Anim Clin 71: 827–830PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Boever WJ, Kern T (1976) Papillomas in black and white Colobus monkeys (Colobus polykomus). J Wildl Dis 12: 180–181PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Bonney CH, Koch SA, Dice PF, Confer AW (1980) Papillomatosis of conjunctiva and adnexa in dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 176: 48–51PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Borg K (1975) Diseases in wild animals (in Swedish) (Viltsjukdomar). Boktryck, Helsingborg, SwedenGoogle Scholar
  27. Borg K (1978) Deer with fewer fibromas than expected (in Swedish) (Farre fibromalgar an vantat). Svensk Jakt 2: 83Google Scholar
  28. Bregman CL, Hirth RS, Sundberg JP, Christensen EF (1986) Induction of benign and malignant cutaneous epithelial neoplasms in dogs by subcutaneous inoculation of canine oral papilloma vaccine. Vet Pathol (submitted for publication)Google Scholar
  29. British Equine Veterinary Association (1965) Survey of equine disease, 1962–63. Vet Rec 77: 528–538Google Scholar
  30. Brobst DF, Dulac GC (1969) Meningeal tumors induced in calves with the bovine cutaneous papillomavirus. Pathol Vet 6: 135–145 PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Brobst DF, Hinsman EJ (1966) Electron microscopy of the bovine cutaneous papilloma. Pathol Vet 3: 196–207PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Brobst DF, Olson C (1963) Neoplastic and proliferative lesions of the bovine urinary bladder. Am J Vet Res 24: 105–111PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Brobst DF, Olson C (1965) Histopathology of urinary bladder tumors induced by bovine cutaneous papilloma agent. Cancer Res 25: 12–19PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Broughton E, Graesser FE, Carbyn LN, Choquette LPE (1970) Oral papillomatosis in the coyote in Western Canada. J Wildl Dis 6: 180–181PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Broughton E, Miller FL, Choquette LPE (1972) Cutaneous fibropapillomas in migratory barrenground caribou. J Wildl Dis 8: 138–140PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Brown ER (1961) The black-tailed deer of Western Washington. Washington State Game Dept Biol Bull 13: 1–124Google Scholar
  37. Brown RJ, Britz JL, Kupper JL, Trevathan WP (1972) Cutaneous horn in a rhesus monkey. Lab Anim Sci 22: 112–113PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Burtscher H, Grunberg W, Meingassner G (1973) Infektiöse Keratoakanthome der Epidermis bei Praomys (Mastomys) natalensis. Naturwissenschaften 60: 209–210PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Bylund G, Valtonen ET, Niemela E (1980) Observations on epidermal papillomata in wild and cultured Atlantic salmon Salmo safar L. in Finland. J Fish Dis 3: 525–528CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Campo MS, Moar MH, Jarrett WFH, Laird HM (1980) A new papillomavirus associated with alimentary cancer in cattle. Nature 286: 180–182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Campo MS, Moar MH, Laird HM, Jarrett WFH (1981) Molecular heterogeneity and lesion site specificity of cutaneous bovine papillomaviruses. Virology 113: 323–335PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Carlson BL, Hill D, Nielsen SW (1983) Cutaneous papillomatosis in a beaver. J Am Vet Med Assoc 183: 1283–1284PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Carne HR, Lloyd LC, Carter HB (1963) Squamous carcinoma associated with cysts of the skin in Merino sheep. J Pathol Bact 86: 305–315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Chambers VC, Evans CA (1959) Canine oral papillomatosis. I. Virus assay and observations on the various stages of the experimental infection. Cancer Res 19: 1188–1195PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. Chambers VC, Evans CA, Weiser RS (1960) Canine oral papillomatosis. II. Immunological aspects of the disease. Cancer Res 20: 1083–1093PubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. Cheevers WP, Roberson MS, Brassfield AL, Davis WC, Crawford TB (1982) Isolation of a retrovirus from cultured equine sarcoid tumor cells. Am J Vet Res 43: 804–806PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. Chen EY, Howley PM, Levinson AD, Seeburg PH (1982) The primary structure and genetic organization of the bovine papillomavirus type 1 genome. Nature 299: 529–534PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Cheville NF (1966) Studies on connective tissue tumors in the hamster produced by bovine papillomavirus. Cancer Res 26: 2334–2339PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. Cheville NF (1983) Cell pathology, 2nd edn. Iowa State University Press, Ames, IowaGoogle Scholar
  50. Cheville NF, Olson C (1964a) Epithelial and fibroblastic proliferation in bovine cutaneous papillomatosis. Pathol Vet 1: 248–257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Cheville NF, Olson C (1964 b) Cytology of the canine oral papilloma. Am J Pathol 45: 849–872PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. Clark KA (1973) Neoplasms of wild animals. Southwestern Vet 26: 185–188Google Scholar
  53. Coggins LW, Ma JQ, Slater AA, Campo MS (1985) Sequence homologies between bovine papillomavirus genomes mapped by a novel low-stringency heteroduplex method. Virology 143: 603–611PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Cook RH, Olson C (1951) Experimental transmission of cutaneous papilloma of the horse. Am J Pathol 27: 1087–1097PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. Cooper JE, Gschmeisser S, Holt PE (1982) Viral particles in a papilloma from a green lizard (Lacerta viridis). Lab Anim 16: 12–13PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Cosgrove GE, Lushbaugh WB, Humason G, Anderson MG (1968) Synhimantus (Nematoda) associated with gastric squamous tumors in muskrats. Bull Wild Dis Assoc 4: 54–57Google Scholar
  57. Craft C, Braun L, Strandberg J (1980) The use of immunohistochemical techniques in the diagnosis of virally-induced tumors. Proc Annu Meet Am ColI Vet Pathol 31: 102Google Scholar
  58. Danos O, Giri I, Thierry F, Yaniv M (1984) Papillomavirus genomes: sequences and consequences. J Invest Dermatol 83: 7s–11sPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Davis CL, Kemper HE (1936) Common warts (papillomata) in goats. J Am Vet Med Assoc 88: 175–179Google Scholar
  60. Davis CL, Shorten HL (1952) Carcinoma of the eye of sheep. J Am Vet Med Assoc 121: 20–24PubMedGoogle Scholar
  61. Davis CL, Leeper RB, Shelton JE (1933) Neoplasms encountered in federally inspected establishments in Denver, Colorado. J Am Vet Med Assoc 83: 229–237Google Scholar
  62. Davis PW, Huxtable CRR, Sabine M (1975) Virus papilloma in the racing greyhound. In: Jones OG (ed) The racing greyhound, vol 1. World Greyhound Racing Federation, London, pp 32–35Google Scholar
  63. DeMoubreun WA, Goodpasture EW (1932) Infectious oral papillomatosis of dogs. Am J Pathol 8: 43–56Google Scholar
  64. Denniston KJ, Yoneyama T, Hoyer BH, Gerin JL (1984) Expression of hepatitis B virus surface and e antigen genes cloned in bovine papillomavirus vectors. Gene 32: 357–368PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Desmet P, DeMoor A, Bouters R, DeMeurichy W (1974) Treatment of papilloma of the penis in bulls. Vlaams Diergeneesk Tijdschr 43: 357–367Google Scholar
  66. Des Voigne DM, Mix MC, Pauley GB (1970) A papilloma-like growth on the siphon of the horse clam, Tresus nuttalli. J Invert Pathol 15: 262–267CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. DiMaio D, Corbin V, Sibley E, Maniatis T (1984) High-level expression of a cloned HLA heavy chain gene introduced into mouse cells on a bovine papillomavirus vector. Mol Cell Biol 4: 340–350Google Scholar
  68. Dodd S (1923) Cancer of the ear of sheep. J Comp Pathol 36: 231–242Google Scholar
  69. Duncan JR, Corbeil LB, Davies DH, Schultz RD, Whitlock RH (1975) Persistent papillomatosis associated with immunodeficiency. Cornell Vet 65: 205–211PubMedGoogle Scholar
  70. Dunway PB, Cosgrove GE, Story JD (1968) Capillaria and trypanosoma infestations in Microtus ochrogaster. Bull Wild Dis Assoc 4: 18–20Google Scholar
  71. Dvoretzky I, Shober R, Chattopadhyay SK, Lowy DR (1980) A quantitative in vitro focus assay for bovine papillomavirus. Virology 103: 369–375PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Edwards MR, Samsonoff WA (1977) Electron microscopic observations on viruslike particles of a catfish papilloma. Proc Ann Electron Microscopy Society of America Meeting 35: 394–395Google Scholar
  73. Effrom M, Griner L, Benirschke K (1977) Nature and rate of neoplasia found in captive wild mammals, birds, and reptiles at necropsy. J Natl Cancer Inst 59: 185–198Google Scholar
  74. England JJ, Watson RE, Larson KA (1973) Virus-like particles in an equine sarcoid cell line. Am J Vet Res 34: 1601–1603PubMedGoogle Scholar
  75. Epstein B (1972a) Bovine herpes virus in ocular squamous cell carcinoma. Ann Soc Cient Argentina 193: 209–219Google Scholar
  76. Epstein B (1972b) Isolation of bovine rhinotracheitis virus from ocular squamous cell carcinomas of cattle. Rev Vet Med 53: 105–110Google Scholar
  77. Fatemi-Nainie S, Anderson LW, Cheevers WP (1982) Identification of a transforming retrovirus from cultured equine dermal fibrosarcoma. Virology 120: 490–494PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Fay LD (1962) Neoplastic diseases of white-tailed deer. Proc Natl White-Tailed Deer Dis Symp (Athens, Georgia) 1: 132–137Google Scholar
  79. Fay LD (1970) Skin tumors of cervidae. In: Davis JW (ed) Infectious diseases of wild mammals. Iowa State University Press, Ames, pp 385–392Google Scholar
  80. Ficarelli R (1969) Observations on bovine papillomatosis transmitted by tattooing machines. Vet Ita1 20: 48–57Google Scholar
  81. Ficken MD, Andrews JJ, Engeltes I (1983) Papilloma-squamous cell carcinoma of the udder of a saanan goat. J Am Vet Med Assoc 183: 467PubMedGoogle Scholar
  82. Flom JO, Brown RJ, Jones RE, Schonewald J (1980) Vaginal fibromas in a beaked whale, Mesoplodon densirostris. J Wildl Dis 16: 99–102PubMedGoogle Scholar
  83. Ford IN, Jennings PA, Spradbrow PB, Francis J (1982) Evidence for papillomaviruses in ocular lesions in cattle. Res Vet Sci 32: 257–259PubMedGoogle Scholar
  84. Friend M (1967) Skin tumors of New York deer. Bull Wildl Dis Assoc 3: 102–104Google Scholar
  85. Fujimoto Y, Olson C (1966) The fine structure of the bovine wart. Pathol Vet 3: 659–684PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Fukunaga R, Sokawa Y, Nagata S (1984) Constitutive production of human interferons by mouse cells with bovine papillomavirus as a vector. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 81: 5086–5090PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Fulton RE, Doane FW, MacPherson LW (1970) The fine structure of equine papillomas and the equine papilloma virus. J Ultrastruct Res 30: 328–343PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Georges E, Croissant O, Bonneaud N, Orth G (1984) Physical state and transcription of the cottontail rabbit papillomavirus genome in warts and transplantable Vx2 and Vx7 carcinomas of domestic rabbits. J Virol 51: 530–538PubMedGoogle Scholar
  89. Geraldes A (1969) Malignant transformation of hamster cells by cell-free extracts of bovine papillomas (in vitro). Nature 222: 1283–1284PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Geraldes A (1970) New antigens in hamster embryo cells transformed in vitro by bovine papillomavirus extracts. Nature 226: 81–82PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Gibbs EPJ, Smale CJ, Lawman MJP (1975) Warts in sheep. J Comp Pathol 85: 327–334CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Giri I, Danos O, Yaniv M (1985) Genomic structure of the cottontail rabbit (Shope) papillomavirus. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 82: 1580–1584PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Gissmann L, Boshart M, Durst H, Ikenberg H, Wagner D, zur Hausen H (1984) Presence of human papillomaviruses in genital tumors. J Invest Dermatol 83: 26s–28sPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Gordon DE, Olson C (1968) Meningiomas and fibroblastic neoplasia in calves induced with the bovine papillomavirus. Cancer Res 28: 2423–2431PubMedGoogle Scholar
  95. Graffi A, Schramm T, Bender E, Hom KH, Bierwolf D (1963) Cell-free transmissible leukosis in Syrian hamsters, probably of viral aetiology. Br J Cancer 22: 577–581CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Graffi A, Schramm T, Bender E, Bierwolf D, Graffi I (1967) Über einen neuen virushaltigen Hauttumor beim Goldhamster. Arch Geschwulstforsch 30: 227–283Google Scholar
  97. Graffi A, Schramm T, Bender E, Graffi I, Hom KH, Bierwolf D (1968) Cell-free transmissible leukoses in syrian hamsters, probably of viral etiology. Br J Cancer 22: 577–581PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Graffi A, Bender E, Schramm T, Graffi I, Bierwolf D (1970) Studies on the hamster papilloma and the hamster viral lymphoma. Comparative leukemia research 1969. Bibl Haematologica 36: 293–301Google Scholar
  99. Greig AS, Charlton KM (1973) Electron microscopy of the virus of oral papillomatosis in the coyote. J Wildl Dis 9: 359–361PubMedGoogle Scholar
  100. Grizzle JM, Melius P, Strength DR (1984) Papillomas of fish exposed to chlorinated waste water effluent. J Natl Cancer Inst 73: 1133–1142PubMedGoogle Scholar
  101. Groff DE, Lancaster WD (1985) Molecular cloning and nucleotide sequence of deer papillomavirus. J Virol 56: 85–91PubMedGoogle Scholar
  102. Groff DE, Sundberg JP, Lancaster WD (1983) Extrachromosomal deer fibromavirus DNA in deer fibromas and virus-transformed mouse cells. Virology 131: 546–550PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Hagen KW (1966) Spontaneous papillomatosis in domestic rabbits. Bull Wildl Dis Assoc 2: 108–110Google Scholar
  104. Hawkins CD, Swan RA, Chapman HM (1981) The epidemiology of squamous cell carcinoma of the perineal region of sheep. Aust Vet J 57: 455–457PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Head KW (1953) Neoplastic diseases. Vet Rec 65: 926–929Google Scholar
  106. Heidemann G (1974) Papillomatose bei einem Damhirsch (Cervus dama L. 1758). Z Jagdwiss 20: 157–158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Herman CM, Bischoff AI (1950) Papilloma, skin tumors in deer. California Fish and Game 36: 19–20Google Scholar
  108. Hertig AT, Mackey JJ, Feeley G, Kampschmidt K (1983) Dysplasia of the lower genital tract in the female monkey, Macaca jascicularis, the crab eating macaque from southeast Asia. Am J Obstet Gynecol 145: 968–980PubMedGoogle Scholar
  109. Hesselholt M, Ingerslev H (1974) Equine sarcoids. Danske Dyrlaegeforencing 57: 9–13Google Scholar
  110. Hollander CF, Van Noord MJ (1972) Focal epithelial hyperplasia: a virus induced oral mucosal lesion in the chimpanzee. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 33: 220–226PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. Honess RF (1939) A freak deer head. J Wildl Manage 3: 360–362CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Honess RF, Winter KB (1956) Diseases of wildlife in Wyoming. Wyoming Game Fish Commission Bull 9: 1–279Google Scholar
  113. Hoover EE (1937) Neurofibromatosis in white-tailed deer. J Mammal 18: 104–105Google Scholar
  114. Hubbard GB, Wood DH, Fanton JW (1983) Squamous cell carcinoma with metastasis in a rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta). Lab Anim Sci 33: 469–472PubMedGoogle Scholar
  115. Hunermund G (1973) Disposition of ayrshire cows to malignant tumors of the vulva and nictitating membrane with intense sunlight in the tropics. Berlin Münch Tierärztl Wochenschr 86: 414–415Google Scholar
  116. Ishimoto A, Ito Y (1971) Further studies on surface antigen of Shope papilloma cells: trypsin activity. J Natl Cancer Inst 46: 353–358PubMedGoogle Scholar
  117. Ishimoto A, Oota S, Kimura I, Miyake T, Ito Y (1970) In vitro cultivation and antigenicity of cottontail rabbit papilloma cells induced by the Shope papilloma virus. Cancer Res 30: 2598–2605PubMedGoogle Scholar
  118. Ito N, Fukushima S, Imaida K, Sakata T, Masui T (1983) Induction of papilloma in the forestomach of hamsters by butylated hydroxyanisole. Gann 74: 459–461PubMedGoogle Scholar
  119. Ito Y (1960) A tumor-producing factor extracted by phenol from papillomatous tissue (Shope) of cottontail rabbits. Virology 12: 596–601PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. Ito Y (1963) Studies on subviral tumorigenesis: carcinoma derived from nucleic acid-induced papillomas of rabbit skin. Acta Unio Int Contra Cancrum 19: 280–283PubMedGoogle Scholar
  121. Ivascu I, Onet E (1971) Research into the incidence of neoplasms of the eyes in cattle. Recl Med Vet 147: 607–614Google Scholar
  122. Ivascu I, Onet E (1974) Experimental and clinical observations on the etiology of ocular tumors in cattle. Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd 116: 455–459PubMedGoogle Scholar
  123. Iversen OH (1982) Hairless mouse skin in two-stage chemical carcinogenesis. Virchows Arch [Cell Pathol] 38: 263–272CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. Jacobson ER (1979) Viral diseases of reptiles. Ann Proc Am Assoc Zoo Vet 13–15Google Scholar
  125. Jacobson ER, Gaskin JM, Clubb S, Calderwood MB (1982) Papilloma-like virus infection in Bolivian side–neck turtles. J Am Vet Med Assoc 181: 1325–1328PubMedGoogle Scholar
  126. Jacobson ER, Mladinich CR, Clubb S, Sundberg JP, Lancaster WD (1983) Papilloma-like virus infection in an African Gray Parrot. J Am Vet Med Assoc 183: 1307–1308PubMedGoogle Scholar
  127. Jarrett WFH, McNeil PE, Grimshaw WTR, Selman IE, McIntyre WIM (1978 a) High incidence area of cattle cancer with a possible interaction between an environmental carcinogen and a papillomavirus. Nature 274: 215–217PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. Jarrett WFH, Murphy J, O’Neil BW, Laird HM (1978 b) Virus-induced papillomas of the alimentary tract of cattle. Int J Cancer 22: 323–328PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. Jarrett WFH, Campo MS, Blaxter ML, O’Neil BW, Laird NM, Moar MH, Sartirana ML (1984a) Alimentary fibropapilloma in cattle. A spontaneous tumor, nonpermissive for papillomavirus replication. J Natl Cancer Inst 73: 499–504PubMedGoogle Scholar
  130. Jarrett WFH, Campo MS, O’Neil BW, Laird HM, Coggins LW (1984b) A novel bovine papillomavirus (BPV-6) causing true epithelial papillomas of the mammary gland skin: a member of a proposed new BPV group. Virology 136: 255–264PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. Jennings AR (1968) Tumors of free-living wild mammals and birds in Great Britain. Symp Zool Soc Lond 24: 273–287Google Scholar
  132. Junge RE, Sundberg JP, Lancaster WD (1984) Papillomas and squamous cell carcinomas of horses. J Am Vet Med Assoc 185: 656–659PubMedGoogle Scholar
  133. Karstad L, Kaminjolo JS (1978) Skin papillomas in an impala (Aepyceros melampus) and a giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis). J Wildl Dis 14: 309–313PubMedGoogle Scholar
  134. Kass SJ, Knight CA (1965) Purification and chemical analysis of Shope papilloma virus. Virology 27: 273–281PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. Kaul PL, Kalra DS (1973) Incidence of horn cancer in Haryana State. Haryana Agric Univ J Res 3: 161–165Google Scholar
  136. Kerr KM, Alden CL (1974) Equine neoplasia - a ten-year survey. Proc Ann Meeting Am Assoc Vet Lab Diag 17: 183–187Google Scholar
  137. Kidd JG, Rous P (1940) Cancers deriving from the virus papillomas of wild rabbits under natural conditions. J Exp Med 71: 469–494PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. Koller LD (1972) Cutaneous papillomas on an opossum. J Natl Cancer Inst 49: 309–313PubMedGoogle Scholar
  139. Koller LD, Olson C (1971) Pulmonary fibroblastomas in a deer with cutaneous fibromatosis. Cancer Res 31: 1371–1375Google Scholar
  140. Koller LD, Olson C (1972) Attempted transmission of warts from man, cattle, and horses, and of deer fibroma to selected hosts. J Invest Dermatol 58: 366–368PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. Koller LD, Barthold SW, Olson C (1974) Quatitation of bovine papillomavirus and serum antibody by immunodiffusion. Am J Vet Res 35: 121–124PubMedGoogle Scholar
  142. Koops H, Mann H, Pfitzner I, Schmid OJ, Schubert G (1970) The cauliflower disease of eels. Symp Dis Fishes and Shellfishes. Am Fisheries Soc, Washington, DC, Special Pub 15: 291–295Google Scholar
  143. Kreider JW, Benjamin SA, Pruchnic WF, Strimlan CV (1971) Immunologic mechanisms in the induction and regression of shope papillomavirus–induced epidermal papillomas of rat. J Invest Dermatol 56: 102–112PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. Kumer L (1935) Über die Papillomatose der Gemsen. Wiener Klin Wochenschr 48: 890–891Google Scholar
  145. Ladds PW, Daniels PW (1982) Animal model of human disease. Squamous cell carcinoma. Ovine squamous cell carcinoma. Am J Pathol 107: 122–123PubMedGoogle Scholar
  146. Lambertsen RH, Kohn BA, Sundberg JP, Buergelt CD (1987) Genital papillomatosis in sperm whale bulls. Vet Pathol (submitted for publication)Google Scholar
  147. Lancaster WD (1981) Apparent lack of integration of bovine papillomavirus DNA in virus-induced equine and bovine tumor cells and virus-transformed mouse cells. Virology 108: 251–255PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  148. Lancaster WD, Olson C (1978) Demonstration of two distinct classes of bovine papillomavirus. Virology 89: 372–379PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  149. Lancaster WD, Olson C (1979) Bovine papillomavirus and connective tissue tumors. In: Essex M, Todaro G, zur Hausen H (eds) Viruses in naturally occurring cancers. Cold Spring Harbor, New York, p 88Google Scholar
  150. Lancaster WD, Sundberg JP (1982) Characterization of papillomaviruses isolated from cutaneous fibromas of white-tailed deer and mule deer. Virology 123: 212–216PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  151. Lancaster WD, Olson C, Meinke W (1977) Bovine papillomavirus: presence of virus-specific DNA sequences in naturally occurring equine tumors. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 74: 524–528PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  152. Lancaster WD, Theilen GH, Olson C (1979) Hybridization of bovine papillomavirus type 1 and type 2 DNA to DNA from virus-induced hamster tumors and naturally occurring equine tumors. Intervirology 11: 227–233PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  153. Lee KP, Olson C (1969a) Precipitin response of cattle to bovine papillomavirus. Cancer Res 29: 1393–1397PubMedGoogle Scholar
  154. Lee KP, Olson C (1969b) A gel diffusion precipitin test for bovine papillomavirus. Am J Vet Res 30: 725–731PubMedGoogle Scholar
  155. Legendre AM, Krahwinkel DJ (1981) Feline ear tumors. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 17: 1035–1037Google Scholar
  156. Leininger JR, Folk GE, Cooper PS (1979) Gastric candidiasis in laboratory-reared brown lemmings. J Am Vet Med Assoc 175: 990–991PubMedGoogle Scholar
  157. Leopold AS, Riney T, McCain R, Tevis L (1951) The jawbone deer herd. State of California Department of Natural Resources Division of Fish and Game. Game Bull 4: 139Google Scholar
  158. Lepper AWD (1967) An intranuclear fibrillar lattice in the squamous epithelial cells of a bovine cutaneous papilloma. Vet Rec 81: 238–239Google Scholar
  159. Lina PHC, Van Noord MJ, de Groot FG (1973) Detection of virus in squamous papillomas of wild bird species Fringilla coelebs. J Natl Cancer Inst 50: 567–571PubMedGoogle Scholar
  160. Lucke B, Schlumberger HG (1949) Neoplasia in cold-blooded vertebrates. Physiol Rev 29: 91–126PubMedGoogle Scholar
  161. Lucke B, Ratcliffe H, Breedis C (1950) Transmissible papilloma in monkeys. Fed Proc 9: 337Google Scholar
  162. Lunger PD, Clark HF (1978) Reptilia-related viruses. Adv Virus Res 23: 159–204PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  163. Lutzner MA, Guenet JL, Breitburd F (1985) Multiple cutaneous papillomas and carcinomas that develop spontaneously in a mouse mutant, the repeated epilation heterozygote Er/ +. J Natl Cancer Soc 75: 161–166Google Scholar
  164. McEntee K (1950) Fibropapillomas of the external genitalia of cattle. Cornell Vet 40: 304–312PubMedGoogle Scholar
  165. McEntee K (1952) Transmissible fibropapillomas of the external genitalia of cattle. Report NY State Vet Coll, Humphry Press, Geneve, NY, p 28Google Scholar
  166. McKenzie RA (1978) Bovine enzootic hematuria in Queensland. Aust Vet J 54: 61–64PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  167. Meischke HRC (1979a) In vitro transformation by bovine papillomavirus. J Gen Virol 3: 473–487CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  168. Meischke HRC (1979b) A survey of bovine teat papillomas. Vet Rec 104: 28–31PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  169. Meischke HRC (1979c) Experimental transmission of bovine papillomavirus (BPV) extracted from morphologically distinct teat and cutaneous lesions and the effects of inoculation of BPV transformed fetal bovine cells. Vet Rec 104: 360–366PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  170. Migaki G, Gamer FM, Carey AM (1971) Metastatic transitional cell carcinoma of the bovine urinary bladder. Cornell Vet 61 : 59–70PubMedGoogle Scholar
  171. Moar MH (1983) Characterization of a papillomavirus from red deer (Cervus elaphus) in Scotland. Embo workshop on papilloma viruses, 27–30 July 1983, Orenäs, Sweden, p 20Google Scholar
  172. Moar MH, Jarrett WFH (1985) A cutaneous fibropapilloma from a red deer (Cervus elaphus) associated with a papillomavirus. Intervirology 24: 108–118PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  173. Monlux AW, Anderson WA, Davis CL (1956) A survey of tumors occurring in cattle, sheep, and swine. Am J Vet Res 17: 646–677PubMedGoogle Scholar
  174. Monlux AW, Anderson WA, Davis CL (1957) The diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma of the eye (cancer eye) in cattle. Am J Vet Res 18: 5–34PubMedGoogle Scholar
  175. Monlux WS, Monlux A W (1972) Atlas of meat inspection pathology. Agricultural Handbook # 367. United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  176. Moore DH, Stone RS, Shope RS, Gelber D (1959) Ultrastructure and site of formation of rabbit papillomavirus. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 101: 575–578PubMedGoogle Scholar
  177. Moreno-Lopez J, Pettersson U, Dinter Z, Philipson L (1981) Characterization of a papilloma virus from the European Elk (EEPY). Virology 112: 589–595PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  178. Moreno-Lopez J, Stenlund A, Ahola H, Bergman P, Pettersson U (1983) The reindeer papillomavirus. Embo workshop on Papilloma viruses, 27–30 July 1983, Orenäs, Sweden, p 22Google Scholar
  179. Moreno-Lopez J, Ahola H, Stenlund A, Osterhaus A, Pettersson U (1984) Genome of an avian papillomavirus. J Virol 51: 872–875PubMedGoogle Scholar
  180. Morgan DM, Meinke W (1980) Isolation of clones of hamster embryo cells transformed by the bovine papillomavirus. Curr Microbiol 3: 247–251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  181. Moulton JE (1961) Tumors in domestic animals. University of California Press, BerkeleyGoogle Scholar
  182. Moulton JE (1978) Tumors in domestic animals, 2nd edn. University of California Press, Berkeley, pp 309–345Google Scholar
  183. Moulton JE, Lau D (1964) Attempts to induce neoplasia in vitro with Shope papillomavirus. Cornell Vet 54: 602–612PubMedGoogle Scholar
  184. Müller H, Gissmann L (1978) Mastomys natalensis papillomavirus (MnPV), the causative agent of epithelial proliferations: characterization of the virus particle. J Gen Virol 41: 315–323PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  185. Murie A (1934) The moose of Isle Royale. University of Michigan, Museum of Zoology, Miscellaneous Publications # 25. University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, MIGoogle Scholar
  186. Murphy MF, Potter HL, Abraham JM, Morgan DM, Meinke WJ (1981) Analysis of a restriction endonuclease map for a rabbit papillomavirus DNA. Curr Microbiol 5: 349–352CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  187. Murray M (1968) Neoplasms of domestic animals in East Africa. Br Vet J 124: 514–524Google Scholar
  188. Naik SN, Randelia HP (1975) Carcinoma of the eye in Indian cattle: an epidemiological aspect. Indian J Cancer 12: 310–318PubMedGoogle Scholar
  189. Nandi SN (1969) Histopathology of enzootic bovine hematuria in the Darjeeling District of India. Br Vet J 125: 587–589PubMedGoogle Scholar
  190. Nasseri M, Wettstein FO (1984a) Cottontail rabbit papillomavirus-specific transcripts in transplantable tumors with integrated DNA. Virology 138: 362–367PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  191. Nasseri M, Wettstein FO (1984b) Differences exist between viral transcripts in cottontail rabbit papillomavirus-induced benign and malignant tumors as well as non-virus-producing and virus-producing tumors. J Virol 51: 706–712PubMedGoogle Scholar
  192. Nellis CH (1973) Prevalence of oral papilloma-like lesions in coyotes in Alberta. Can J Zool 51: 900PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  193. Ng WL, Fong LYY, Newberne PM (1984) Forestomach squamous papillomas in the rat: effects of dietary zinc deficiency on induction. Cancer Lett 22: 329–332PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  194. Noyes WF (1959) Studies on the Shope rabbit papillomavirus. II. The location of the infective virus in papillomas of the cottontail rabbit. J Exp Med 109: 423–428PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  195. O’Banion MK, Sundberg JP (1987) Papillomavirus genomes in experimentally-induced white-tailed deer fibromas. Am J Vet Res (in press)Google Scholar
  196. O’Banion K, Sundberg JP, Reichmann ME (1985) Equine papillomavirus: partial characterization and presence in common equine skin tumors. J Cell Biochem 9c: 73Google Scholar
  197. Olson C (1963) Cutaneous papillomatosis in cattle and other animals. Ann NY Acad Sci 108: 1042–1056PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  198. Olson C, Skidmore LV (1959) Therapy of experimentally produced bovine cutaneous papillomatosis with vaccines and excision. J Am Vet Med Assoc 135: 339–343PubMedGoogle Scholar
  199. Olson C, Pamukcu AM, Brobst DF, Kowalczyk T, Satter EJ, Price JM (1959) A urinary bladder tumor induced by a bovine cutaneous papilloma agent. Cancer Res 19: 779–782PubMedGoogle Scholar
  200. Olson C, Segre D, Skidmore LV (1960) Further observations on immunity to bovine cutaneous papillomatosis. Am J Vet Res 21: 233–242PubMedGoogle Scholar
  201. Olson C, Pamukcu AM, Brobst DF (1965) Papilloma-like virus from bovine urinary bladder tumors. Cancer Res 25: 840–850PubMedGoogle Scholar
  202. Olson C, Robl MG, Larson LL (1968) Cutaneous and penile bovine fibropapillomatosis and its control. J Am Vet Med Assoc 153: 1189–1194PubMedGoogle Scholar
  203. Olson RO, Olson C, Easterday BC (1982) Papillomatosis of the bovine teat (mammary papilla). Am J Vet Res 43: 2250–2252PubMedGoogle Scholar
  204. Orth G, Breitburd F, Favre M (1978) Evidence for antigenic determinants shared by the structural polypeptides of (Shope) rabbit papillomavirus and human papillomavirus type 1. Virology 91: 243–255PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  205. Osterhaus ADME, Ellens DJ, Horzinek MC (1977) Identification and characterization of a papillomavirus from birds (Frigillidae). Intervirology 8: 351–359PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  206. Palfi J, Fabian M (1969) Eye carcinoma in cattle. Magy Allatory Lap 24: 351–354Google Scholar
  207. Pamukcu AM (1957) Tumors of the urinary bladder in cattle and water buffalo affected with bovine enzootic hematuria. Zentralb Veterinarmed 2: 185–197Google Scholar
  208. Pamukcu AM (1974) Tumors of the urinary bladder. Bull WHO 50: 43–52PubMedGoogle Scholar
  209. Pamukcu AM, Göksoy SK, Price JM (1967a) Urinary bladder neoplasms induced by feeding bracken fern (Pteris aquilina) to cows. Cancer Res 27: 917–924Google Scholar
  210. Pamukcu AM, Olson C, Goksoy SK (1967b) Influence of a papilloma vaccine on chronic bovine enzootic hematuria. Cancer Res 27: 2197–2200PubMedGoogle Scholar
  211. Pamukcu AM, Price JM, Bryan GT (1976) Naturally occurring and bracken fern induced bovine urinary bladder tumors. Vet Pathol 13: 110–122PubMedGoogle Scholar
  212. Pamukcu AM, Yalciner S, Price JM, Bryan GT (1970) The effects of the coadministration of thiamine on the incidence of urinary bladder carcinomas in rats fed bracken fern. Cancer Res 30: 2671–2674PubMedGoogle Scholar
  213. Parish WE (1961) A transmissible genital papilloma of the pig resembling condyloma acuminatum of man. J Pathol Bacteriol 81: 331–345PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  214. Parish WE (1962) An immunological study of the transmissible genital papilloma of the pig. J Pathol Bacteriol 83: 429–442PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  215. Parsons RJ, Kidd JG (1936) A virus causing oral papillomatosis in rabbits. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 35: 441–443Google Scholar
  216. Parsons RJ, Kidd JG (1943) Oral papillomatosis of rabbits; a virus disease. J Exp Med 77: 233–250PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  217. Pearson H (1972) Surgery of the male genital tract in cattle. A review of 121 cases. Vet Rec 91 : 498–509PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  218. Pence DB, Tran RM, Bishop ML, Foster SH (1983) Fibroma in a nine-banded armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus). J Comp Pathol 93: 179–184PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  219. Peters N, Watermann B (1979) Three types of skin papillomas of flatfishes and their causes. Marine Ecology Progress Series 1: 269–276CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  220. Petrak ML (1982) Diseases of cage and aviary birds, 2nd ed. Lea and Febiger, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  221. Pfister H, Meszaros J (1980) Partial characterization of canine oral papillomavirus. Virology 104: 243–246PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  222. Pfister H, Linz U, Gissmann L, Huchthausen B, Hoffmann D, zur Hausen H (1979) Partial characterization of a new type of bovine papillomaviruses. Virology 96: 1–8PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  223. Pintel D, Merchlinsky MJ, Ward DC (1984) Expression of minute virus of mice structural proteins in murine cell lines transformed by bovine papillomavirus-minute virus of mice plasmid chimera. J Virol 52: 320–327PubMedGoogle Scholar
  224. Pirie HM (1973) Unusual occurrence of squamous carcinoma of the upper alimentary tract in cattle in Britain. Res Vet Sci 15: 135–138PubMedGoogle Scholar
  225. Plummer PJG (1956) A survey of 636 tumors from domesticated animals. Can J Comp Med 20: 239–251PubMedGoogle Scholar
  226. Potter HL, Meinke WJ (1985) Nucleotide sequence of bovine papillomavirus type 2 late region. J Gen Virology 66: 187–193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  227. Price JM, Pamukcu AM (1968) The induction of neoplasms of the urinary bladder of the cow and the small intestine of the rat by feeding bracken fern (Pteris aquilina). Cancer Res 28: 2247–2251PubMedGoogle Scholar
  228. Priester WA, Mantel N (1971) Occurrence of tumors in domestic animals. Data from 12 US and Canadian colleges of veterinary medicine. J Natl Cancer Inst 47: 1333–1334PubMedGoogle Scholar
  229. Pulley LT, Shively JN, Pawlicki JJ (1974) An outbreak of bovine cutaneous fibropapillomas following dehorning. Cornell Vet 64: 427–434PubMedGoogle Scholar
  230. Pyrhönen S, Neuvonen E (1978) The occurrence of human wart-virus antibodies in dogs, pigs and cattle. Arch Viro157: 297–305CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  231. Quortrup ER (1946) Tumors of deer. Virgina Wildlife 7: 15–18Google Scholar
  232. Ragland WL, Spencer GR (1968) Attempts to relate bovine papillomavirus to the cause of equine sarcoid: Immunity to bovine papillomavirus. Am J Vet Res 27: 1363–1366Google Scholar
  233. Ragland WL, Spencer GR (1969) Attempts to relate bovine papillomavirus to the cause of equine sarcoid: equidae inoculated intradermally with bovine papillomavirus. Am J Vet Res 30: 743–752PubMedGoogle Scholar
  234. Ragland WL, Keown GH, Spencer GR (1970a) Equine sarcoid. Equine Vet J 2: 2–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  235. Ragland WL, McLaughlin CA, Spencer GR (1970b) Attempts to relate bovine papillomavirus to the cause of equine sarcoid: horses, donkeys, and calves inoculated with equine sarcoid extracts. Equine Vet J 2: 168–172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  236. Rangan SRS, Gutter A, Baskin GB, Anderson D (1980) Virus associated papillomas in Colobus monkeys (Colobus guereza). Lab Anim Sci 30: 885–889PubMedGoogle Scholar
  237. Ratcliffe HL (1933) Incidence and nature of tumors in captive wild mammals and birds. Am J Cancer 17: 116–135Google Scholar
  238. Raynaud MMA, Adrian M (1976) Lésions cutanées à structure papillomateuse associées à des virus chez le lezard vert (Lacerta viridis laur). C R Seances Acad Sci [III] Paris 283: 847Google Scholar
  239. Rdzok EJ, Shipkowitz NL, Richter WR (1966) Rabbit oral papillomatosis: Ultrastructure of experimental infection. Cancer Res 26: 160–165PubMedGoogle Scholar
  240. Rebhun WC, Payne RM, King JM, Wolfe M, Begg SN (1980) Interdigital papillomatosis in dairy cattle. J Am Vet Med Assoc 177: 437–440PubMedGoogle Scholar
  241. Reddy AL, Fialkow PJ (1983) Papillomas induced by initiation-promotion differ from those induced by carcinogen alone. Nature 304: 69–71PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  242. Reed DE, Shave H, Bergeland ME, Gates CE (1976) Necropsy and laboratory findings in free-living deer in South Dakota. J Am Vet Med Assoc 169: 975–979PubMedGoogle Scholar
  243. Reichenbach-Klinke H, Elkan E (1965) The principal diseases of lower vertebrates. Academic, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  244. Richards S (1957) Disease of deer and antelope. North Dakota Outdoors 17: 7, 17Google Scholar
  245. Richter WR, Shipkowitz NL, Rdzok EJ (1964) Oral papillomatosis of the rabbit: an electron microscopic study. Lab Invest 13: 430–438PubMedGoogle Scholar
  246. Rieke H (1980) Ausgedehnte kongenitale fibroepitheliale Papillome bei einem Ferkel. Dtsch Tierärztl Wochenschr 87: 412–413PubMedGoogle Scholar
  247. Roberts RJ (1978) Fish pathology. Bailliere Tindall, LondonGoogle Scholar
  248. Robl MG, Olson C (1968) Oncogenic action of bovine papillomavirus in hamsters. Cancer Res 28: 1596–1604PubMedGoogle Scholar
  249. Robl MG, Gordon DE, Lee KP, Olson C (1972) Intracranial fibroblastic neoplasms in the hamster from bovine papillomavirus. Cancer Res 32: 2221–2225PubMedGoogle Scholar
  250. Roscoe DE, Veikley LR, Mills M, Hinds L (1975) Debilitating ossifying fibromas of a white-tailed deer associated with ear tagging. J Wildl Dis 11: 62–65PubMedGoogle Scholar
  251. Rous P, Beard JW (1935) The progression to carcinoma of virus-induced rabbit papillomas (Shope). J Exp Med 62: 523–548PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  252. Rous P, Kidd JG (1940) The activation, transforming and carcinogenic effects of the rabbit papillomavirus (Shope) upon implanted tar tumors. J Exp Med 71: 787–812PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  253. Rudolph R, Müller H (1976) Induktion von epidermalem Tumorwachstum in der Haut von Mastomys natalensis durch Übertragung virushaltigen Tumorgewebes eines Plattenepithelkarzinoms. Zbl Vet Med B23: 143–150Google Scholar
  254. Rudolph R, Thiel W (1976) Pathologische Anatomie und Histologie von spontanen, epithelialen Hauttumoren bei Mastomys natalensis. Zbl Vet Med A 23: 429–441Google Scholar
  255. Rudolph RL (1980) Neoplasien der Haut bei einem wildfarbenen Inzuchtstamm von Mastomys natalensis (WSA Gießen). Vet Pathol 17: 600–613PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  256. Runnells RA, Benbrook EA (1942) Epithelial tumors of horses. Am J Vet Res 3: 176–179Google Scholar
  257. Sack WO (1982) Essentials of pig anatomy. Veterinary Textbooks, Ithaca, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  258. Samuel JL, Spradbrow PB, Wood AL, Kelly WR (1985) Oral papillomas in cattle. Zbl Vet Med B 32: 706–714Google Scholar
  259. Samuel WM, Chalmers GA, Gunson JR (1978) Oral papillomatosis in coyotes (Canis latrans) and wolves (Canis lupus) of Alberta. J Wildl Dis 14: 165–169PubMedGoogle Scholar
  260. Sastry GA (1959) Neoplasms of animals in India. Vet Med 54: 428–430Google Scholar
  261. Schenborn ET, Lund E, Mitchen JL, Dahlberg JE (1985) Expression of a human U1 RNA gene introduced into mouse cells via bovine papillomavirus DNA vectors. Mol Cel Biol 5: 1318–1326Google Scholar
  262. Schlumberger HG, Lucke B (1948) Tumors of fishes, amphibians, and reptiles. Cancer Res 8: 657–754PubMedGoogle Scholar
  263. Scott DW (1980) Feline dermatology 1900–1978: a monograph. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 16: 303–459Google Scholar
  264. Segre D, Olson C, Hoerlein AB (1955) Neutralization of bovine papillomavirus with serums from cattle and horses with experimental papillomas. Am J Vet Res 16: 517–520PubMedGoogle Scholar
  265. Severinghaus CW, Cheatum EL (1961) Life and times of the white-tailed deer. In: Taylor WP (ed) The deer of North America. Telegraph, Harrisburg, P A, pp 57–186Google Scholar
  266. Scherneck S, Vogel F, Nguyen HL, Feunteun J (1984) Sequence homology between polyoma virus. Simian Virus 40 and a papilloma producing virus from a syrian hamster: evidences for highly conserved sequences. Virology 137: 41–48PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  267. Shope RE (1934) Serial transmission of virus of infectious papillomatosis in domestic rabbits. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 32: 830–832Google Scholar
  268. Shope RE (1955) An infectious fibroma of deer. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 88: 533–535PubMedGoogle Scholar
  269. Shope RE, Hurst EW (1933) Infectious papillomatosis of rabbits. J Exp Med 58: 607–624PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  270. Shope RE, Mangold R, MacNamara LG, Dumbell KR (1958) An infectious cutaneous fibroma of the Virginia white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus). J Exp Med 108: 797–802PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  271. Smith GM, Coates CW, Nigrelli RF (1941) A papillomatous disease of the gall bladder associated with infection by flukes, occurring in the marine turtle, Chelonia mydas (Linnaeus). Zoologica 20: 13–16Google Scholar
  272. Smith KT, Campo MS (1985) The biology of papillomaviruses and their role in oncogenesis. Anticancer Res 5: 31–48PubMedGoogle Scholar
  273. Stannard AA, Pulley LT (1978) Tumors of the skin and soft tissue. In: Moulton JE (ed) Tumors in domestic animals. University of California Press, Berkeley, pp 16–74Google Scholar
  274. Stenlund A, Moreno-Lopez J, Ahola H, Pettersson U (1983) European elk papillomavirus: characterization of the genome, induction of tumors in animals, and transformation in vitro. J Viro 148: 370–376Google Scholar
  275. Stevens JG, Wettstein FO (1979) Multiple copies of Shope virus DNA are present in cells of benign and malignant non-virus-producing neoplasms. J Viro 130: 891–898Google Scholar
  276. Stone RS, Shope RE, Moore DH (1959) Electron microscopic study of the development of the papillomavirus in the skin of the rabbit. J Exp Med 110: 543–546PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  277. Strafuss AC, Cook JE, Smith JE (1976) Squamous cell carcinoma in dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 168: 425–427PubMedGoogle Scholar
  278. Strafuss AC, Smith JE, Dennis SM, Anthony HD (1973) Sarcoid in horses. Vet Med 68: 1246–1247Google Scholar
  279. Sugawara K, Fujinaga K, Yamashita T, Ito Y (1983) Integration and methylation of Shope papillomavirus DNA in the transplantable Vx2 and Vx7 rabbit carcinomas. Virology 131: 88–99PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  280. Sundberg JP (1987) Animal models for papillomavirus research. In: Hofschneider PH, Mund K (eds) Human tumor viruses. Karger, Basel (submitted for publication)Google Scholar
  281. Sundberg JP, Dunstan RW (1986) Canine papillomas and squamous cell carcinomas. J Am Vet Med Assoc (in preparation)Google Scholar
  282. Sundberg JP, McDonald SE (1984) Cervical squamous cell carcinoma in a blackbuck. J Am Vet Med Assoc 185: 1445–1446PubMedGoogle Scholar
  283. Sundberg JP, Nielsen SW (1981) Deer fibroma: a review. Can Vet J 22: 385–388PubMedGoogle Scholar
  284. Sundberg JP, Nielsen SW (1982) Prevalence of cutaneous fibromas in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in New York and Vermont. J Wildl Dis 18: 359–360PubMedGoogle Scholar
  285. Sundberg JP, Olson C (1986) Squamous cell carcinomas induced in dogs by canine oral papillomavirus. J Natl Cancer Inst (submitted for publication)Google Scholar
  286. Sundberg JP, Burnstein T, Page EH, Kirkham WW, Robinson FR (1977) Neoplasms of equidae. J Am Vet Med Assoc 170: 150–152PubMedGoogle Scholar
  287. Sundberg JP, Russell W, Lancaster WD (1981) Papillomatosis in Indian elephants, Elephas maximus. J Am Vet Med Assoc 179: 1247–1248PubMedGoogle Scholar
  288. Sundberg JP, Williams E, Thorne ET, Lancaster WD (1983) Cutaneous fibropapilloma in a pronghorn antelope. J Am Vet Med Assoc 183: 1333–1334PubMedGoogle Scholar
  289. Sundberg JP, Junge RE, Lancaster WD (1984) Immunoperoxidase localization of papillomaviruses in hyperplastic and neoplastic epithelial lesions of animals. Am J Vet Res 45: 1441–1446Google Scholar
  290. Sundberg JP, Chiodini RJ, Nielsen SW (1985a) Transmission of the white-tailed deer cutaneous fibroma. Am J Vet Res 46: 1150–1154PubMedGoogle Scholar
  291. Sundberg JP, Hill DL, Williams ES, Nielsen SW (1985b) Light and electron microscopic comparisons of cutaneous fibromas in white-tailed and mule deer. Am J Vet Res 46: 2200–2206PubMedGoogle Scholar
  292. Sundberg JP, Junge RE, El Shazley MO (1985c) Oral papillomas in New Zealand white rabbits. Am J Vet Res 46: 664–668PubMedGoogle Scholar
  293. Sundberg JP, Morris K, Lancaster WD (1985d) Cutaneous fibromas in moose (Alces alces). J Wildl Dis 21: 181–183PubMedGoogle Scholar
  294. Sundberg JP, Schmidt E, O’Banion K, Olson C (1985e) Squamous cell carcinoma associated with canine oral papillomavirus. J Cell Biochem 9c: 75Google Scholar
  295. Sundberg JP, Todd KS, DiPietro JA (1985f) Equine papillomatosis: is partial resection of lesions an effective treatment? Vet Med 80: 71–74Google Scholar
  296. Sundberg JP, Williams ES, Hill D, Lancaster WD, Nielson SW (1985g) Detection of papillomaviruses in cutaneous fibromas of white-tailed and mule deer. Am J Vet Res 46: 1145–1149PubMedGoogle Scholar
  297. Sundberg JP, Junge RE, O’Banion MK, Basgall EJ, Harrison G, Herron AJ, Shivaprasad HL (1986a) Cloacal Papillomas in psittacine birds. Am J Vet Res 47: 928–932PubMedGoogle Scholar
  298. Sundberg JP, O’Banion MK, Schmidt-Didier E, Reichmann ME (1986b) Cloning and characterization of a canine oral papillomavirus. Am J Vet Res 47: 1142–1144PubMedGoogle Scholar
  299. Sundberg JP, O’Banion MK, Shima A, Wolf P, Basgall E, Reichmann ME (1986c) Papillomas and papillomaviruses in nonhuman primates. J Natl Cancer Inst (in preparation)Google Scholar
  300. Sundberg JP, O’Banion MK, Reichmann ME (1987) Mouse papillomavirus: pathology and characterization of the virus. Cancer Cells 5 (to be published)Google Scholar
  301. Swan RA, Wilcox GE, Chapman HM, Hawkins CD (1983) Attempted transmission and immunotherapy of squamons cell carcinomas of the vulva of ewes. Aust Vet J 60: 314–315PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  302. Swank WG (1958) The mule deer in Arizona chaparral. State of Arizona Game Fish Dept Wildl Bull 3: 109Google Scholar
  303. Syverton IT (1952) The pathogenesis of the rabbit papilloma-to-carcinoma sequence. Ann NY Acad Sci 54: 1126–1140PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  304. Tajima M, Gordon DE, Olson C (1968) Electron microscopy of bovine papilloma and deer fibroma viruses. Am J Vet Res 29: 1185–1194PubMedGoogle Scholar
  305. Taylor RL, Hanks MA (1969) Viral isolations from bovine eye tumors. Am J Vet Res 30: 1885–1886PubMedGoogle Scholar
  306. Taylor RL, Hanks MA (1972) Developmental changes in precursor lesions of bovine ocular squamous cell carcinoma. Veterinary Medicine/Small Animal Clinicias 67: 669–671Google Scholar
  307. Theilen G, Wheeldon EB, East N, Madewell B, Lancaster WD, Munn R (1985) Goat papillomatosis. Am J Vet Res 46: 2519–2526PubMedGoogle Scholar
  308. Thomas M, Boiron M, Tanzer J, Levy JP, Bernard J (1964) In vitro transformation of mice cells by bovine papillomavirus. Nature 4933: 709–710CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  309. Thorsen J, Cooper JE, Warwick GP (1974) Esophageal papillomata in cattle in Kenya. Trop Anim Health Prod 6: 95–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  310. Tokarnia CH, Döbereiner J, Canella LFC (1969) Incidence of enzootic haematuria and epidermoid carcinoma of the upper digestive tract in cattle. Pesquisa Agropec Brasil 4: 209–224Google Scholar
  311. Tokita H, Konishi S (1975) Studies on canine oral papillomatosis. II. Oncogenicity of canine oral papillomavirus to various tissues of dog with special reference to eye tumor. Jpn J Vet Sci 37: 109–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  312. Tokita H, Konishi S, Ogata M (1977) Studies on canine oral papillomatosis. III.Cultivation of papilloma cells in vitro. Jpn J Vet Sci 39: 619–626CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  313. Trainer DO, Knowlton FF, Karstad L (1968) Oral papillomatosis in the coyote. Bull Wild Dis Assoc 4: 52–54Google Scholar
  314. Tustin RC, Thornton DJ, McNaughton H (1982) High incidence of squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva in Merino ewes on a South African farm. J S Afr Vet Assoc 53: 141–143PubMedGoogle Scholar
  315. Tweddle NE, White WE (1977) An outbreak of fibropapillomatosis in cows following rectal examinations. Aust Vet J 53: 492–495PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  316. Vandegraaff R (1976) Squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva in Merino sheep. Aust Vet J 52: 21–23PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  317. Vanselow BA, Spradbrow PB (1982) Papillomaviruses, papillomas and squamous cell carcinomas in sheep. Vet Rec 110: 561–562PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  318. Vanselow BA, Spradbrow PB (1983) Squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva, hyperkeratosis and papillomaviruses in a ewe. Aust Vet J 60: 194–195PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  319. Vogel F, Zimmermann W, Krause H, Scherneck S (1984) Characterization of the DNA of the hamster papovavirus: I.Genom length and molecular cloning. Arch Geschwulstforsch 54: 433–441PubMedGoogle Scholar
  320. Voss J (1964) Transmission of equine sarcoid. Proc Conv Am Assoc Equine Pract 10: 199–216Google Scholar
  321. Voss JL (1969) Transmission of equine sarcoid. Am J Vet Res 30: 183–191PubMedGoogle Scholar
  322. Wadsworth JR (1954) Fibrosarcomas in a deer. J Am Vet Med Assoc 124: 194PubMedGoogle Scholar
  323. Watrach AM (1969) The ultrastructure of canine cutaneous papilloma. Cancer Res 29: 2079–2084PubMedGoogle Scholar
  324. Watrach AM, Small E, Case MT (1970) Canine papilloma: progression of oral papilloma to carcinoma. J Natl Cancer Inst 45: 915–920PubMedGoogle Scholar
  325. Watson RE, England JJ, Larson KA (1972) Cultural characterization of a cell line derived from an equine sarcoid. Appl Microbiol 24: 727–731PubMedGoogle Scholar
  326. Watts SL, Ostrow RS, Phelps WC, Prince JT, Faras AJ (1983) Free cottontail papillomavirus DNA persists in warts and carcinomas of infected rabbits and in cells in culture transformed with virus or viral DNA. Virology 125: 127–138PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  327. Watts SL, Phelps WC, Ostrow RS, Zachow KR, Faras AJ (1984) Cellular transformation by human papillomavirus DNA in vitro. Science 225: 634–636PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  328. Weisbroth SH, Scher S (1970) Spontaneous oral papillomatosis in rabbits. J Am Vet Med Assoc 157: 1940–1944PubMedGoogle Scholar
  329. Wellings SR (1970) Biology of some virus diseases of marine fish. Symp Dis Fishes Shellfishes Am Fisheries Soc Special Publ (Washington, DC) 5: 296–306Google Scholar
  330. Wellings SR, Chuinard RG (1964) Epidermal papillomas with virus-like particles in flathead sole, Hippoglossoides elassodon. Science 146: 932–934PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  331. Wellings SR, Chuinard RG, Gourley RT, Cooper RA (1964) Epidermal papillomas in the flathead sole, Hippoglossoides elassodon, with notes on the occurrence of similar neoplasms in other pleuronectids. J Natl Cancer Inst 33: 991–1004PubMedGoogle Scholar
  332. Wettimuny SG de S, Jayasekera MU (1970) The occurrence of cutaneous papillomata (warts) in a dairy farm in Ceylon. Ceylon Vet J 18: 10–14Google Scholar
  333. Wettstein FO, Stevens JG (1980) Distribution and state of viral nucleic acid in tumors induced by Shope papilloma virus. Cold Spring Harbor Conf Cell Proliferation 7: 301–307Google Scholar
  334. Wettstein FO, Stevens JG (1982) Variable-sized free episomes of Shope papillomavirus DNA are present in all non-virus-producing neoplasms and intergrated episomes are detected in some. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 79: 790–794PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  335. Williams RC, Kass SJ, Knight CA (1960) Structure of Shope papilloma virus particles. Virology 12: 48–58PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  336. Wolke RE, Murchelano RA (1976) A case report of an epidermal papilloma in Mustelus canis. J Wildl Dis Assoc 12: 167–171Google Scholar
  337. Wood AL, Spradbrow PB (1985) Transformation of cultured equine fibroblasts with a bovine papillomavirus. Res Vet Sci 38: 241–242PubMedGoogle Scholar
  338. Yoshikawa T, Oyamada T (1975) Histopathology of papillary tumors in the bovine urinary bladder. Jpn J Vet Sci 37: 277–287CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. P. Sundberg

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations