Types and Distinctive Features of Ore-Bearing Formations of Copper-Nickel Deposits

  • M. N. Godlevsky
  • A. P. Likhachev
Conference paper
Part of the Special Publication No. 4 of the Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits book series (MINERAL DEPOS., volume 4)


Ore-bearing formations and copper-nickel deposits are recognized as follows: (1) Duluth-type gabbro-troctolite formation; (2) Norilsk-type gabbro-dolerite formation; (3) Bushveld and Monchegorsk-type gabbro-norite-pyroxenite-peri- dotite formation; (4) Pechenga-type gabbro-pyroxenite-peridotite formation; (5) Kambalda- and Aliarechensk-type pyroxenite-peridotite formation; (6) Mount- keith-type peridotite-dunite; and (7) regenerated Subdury-type diorite-norite formation. Nickel-bearing structures are noted in the greater thicknesses of the Earth’s crust and in downwarped Moho boundaries in weakly eroded provinces. There is a clear relationship between magmatic thicknesses of continental depressions and their ore potential: the thickness of volcanogenic units in ore-bearing structures is over 3 km, whereas that of barren structures is less than 2–3 km. In undislocated areas, the relation between the morphology of intrusive bodies and their ore potential is observed. Ore-bearing magmatic bodies are typically elongated, band-chonolitelike bodies with flat roofs and downwarped bottoms; this is attributed to the excess of density of ore-bearing magmas over that of environment (at the expense of sulfide load) and gravity field effect during intrusion of the bodies that brought about one-way movement of magmatic masses.


Greenstone Belt Magmatic Body Intrusive Body Sulfide Liquid Flat Roof 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Drummond BJ (1981) Crustal structure of the Precambrian terrains of North-West Australia from seismic refraction data. BMR J Aust Geol Geophys 6: 123–135Google Scholar
  2. Godlevsky MN, Likhachev AP (1979) Generation and crystallization of ore-bearing magmas producing copper-nickel deposits. In: Basic parameters of endogenetic ore formation, vol I. Nauka, Novosibirsk, pp 109–118 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  3. Godlesvky MN, Likhachev AP (1981) Formative conditions and evolution of ore-bearing ultrabasic magmas. West. Ail-Union Miner Soc Iss 6: 646–655 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  4. Godlevsky MN, Likhachev AP (1983) Copper-nickel ore formation in the Norilsk area. In: Genetic model for endogenetic ore formations, vol I. Nauka, Novosibirsk, pp 47–54 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  5. Kennedy JR, Ryzhenko BN (1973) The influence of the pressure on eutetics in Fe-FeS systems. Geochimia 9 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  6. Kratz KO et al. (1978) The Earth crust of the eastern Baltic Shield. Nauka, 232 pp (in Russian)Google Scholar
  7. Likhachev AP (1965) The role of leucocratic gabbro in the formation of Norilsk differentiated intrusions. Izv Akad Nauk SSSR Geol Ser 10: 75–88 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  8. Likhachev AP (1973) On the nature of magmatic deposits. Sov Geol 5: 33–47 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  9. Likhachev AP (1977) Magmatism and nickel potential in North-Central Siberia. Sov Geol 2: 30–45 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  10. Likhachev AP (1978a) Formative conditions of ore-bearing and barren mafic and ultramafic magmas. Rep Akad Nauk 238, 2: 447–450 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  11. Likhachev AP (1978b) On the genesis of the Sudbury copper-nickel deposits. Sov Geol 6: 60–71 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  12. Likhachev AP (1983) Geology and classification of copper-nickel deposits. West. All-Union Miner Soc Iss 1: 14–27 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  13. Likhachev AP, Krivtsov AI (1975) Sources and possible ways of ore matter concentration. Sov Geol 5: 69–79 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  14. Logatchev NA (1984) The Baikal rift system. Episodes 7, 1: 38–42Google Scholar
  15. Naldrett AG (1973) Nickel sulfide deposits. Their classification and genesis, with special emphasis on deposits of volcanic association. Trans Can Inst Min Metall 76: 183–201Google Scholar
  16. Naldrett AG, Richardson SW (1967) Effect of water on the melting of pyrrhotite-magnetite assemblages. Carnegie Inst Washington Yearb 66: 429–431Google Scholar
  17. Naldrett AG, Turner AR (1977) The geology and petrogenesis of a greenstone belt and related nickel sulfide mineralization of Yakabindie, Western Australia. Precambrian Res 5: 43–104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Roberts J (1972) Magma intrusion in loose rocks. In: Mechanism of magma intrusion. Mir, Moscow, pp 230–283Google Scholar
  19. Shamazaki H, Clark LA (1973) Liquids relations in the FeS - FeO - SiO2 - H2O system and geological implications. Econ Geol 68, 1: 79–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Sharp WE (1969) Melting curves of sphalerite, galena, and pyrrhotite and the decomposition curve of pyrite between 30–65 kilobars. J Geophys Res 74, 6Google Scholar
  21. Wyllie PJ (1971) Experimental limits for melting in the Earth’s crust and upper mantle. Geophys Monogr Ser 14: 279–301CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. N. Godlevsky
  • A. P. Likhachev
    • 1
  1. 1.Central Research Institute of Geological Exploration for Base and Precious MetalsMoscowUSSR

Personalised recommendations