Acid Deposition, Nurtrient Imbalance and Tree Decline: A Commentary

  • G. H. Tomlinson
Conference paper
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 16)


Syndromes involving yellowing and other colour changes in foliage, similar to those observed in German conifers, are now appearing in many locations in the North East U.S. and adjacent areas of Canada. In Germany, it has been shown in several instances by analysis of the affected needles that this colour change, which presages their early loss and the premature death of the tree, results from a nutrient deficiency, of which magnesium has been definitely implicated in some instances and in which calcium and potassium may play a role. However, this nutrient imbalance can be corrected by addition of the missing elements to the soil, thus revitalizing the tree and confirming the fact that an inadequate supply of nutrients is the predisposing factor in tree decline. Visible Symptoms, coupled with foliage analysis of affected trees, indicate that similar deficiencies are occurring in North America. This effect may result from the continuous and cumulative loss of nutrients, as a consequence of acid deposition or of exposure of foliage to acidic fog at high altitudes.


Acid Deposition Magnesium Deficiency Potassium Deficiency Tree Decline Calcium Pectate 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. H. Tomlinson
    • 1
  1. 1.Domtar Inc./Research CentreSennevilleCanada

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