Before considering compounds in which silicon and carbon in an alternating fashion are used to build the molecular skeleton , it is useful to give a short account of the characteristic differences between the properties of the elements. Diamond is a nonconductor whereas graphite is a semiconductor. The element silicon, which is not freely available in nature and is produced by reduction of SiO2, crystallizes in the diamond lattice and is a semiconductor. Silicon carbide is also a semiconductor. Pure monocrystalline silicon has increasing technical importance because of these properties. It is produced appropriately from HSiCl3 by reduction with H2, or through thermal decomposition of SiH4.
KeywordsBond Energy Silicon Compound Hydrolytic Cleavage Diamond Lattice Element Silicon
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