Familial Classification of Depressive Illnesses

  • G. Winokur
Conference paper


It has become the fashion to use a series of criteria to make a diagnosis in psychiatry. The latest effort in this direction is the DSM-III system (1980) in the United States. The criteria for depression, however, do not define an illness; they simply define a syndrome. This syndrome is seen as a secondary phenomenon (secondary depression) in a number of medical and psychiatric illnesses (Stewart et al. 1965; Winokur 1972).


Depression Cortisol Schizophrenia Dexamethasone Imipramine 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Winokur
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Iowa College of MedicineIowa CityUSA

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