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Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Early Diagnosis of Brain Pathology

  • W. L. Curati
  • R. E. Steiner
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Applied Neurological Sciences book series (NEUROLOGICAL, volume 2)

Abstract

For a variety of reasons, the initial efforts of many medical centres to put nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) to clinical use have focussed on the brain:
  1. 1.

    A high level of grey-white matter contrast can be obtained with NMR, providing anatomical detail on a scale not available with other techniques.

     
  2. 2.

    Coronal and sagittal imaging are particularly useful in depicting areas of the brain.

     
  3. 3.

    The absence of bone artifacts is a major advantage over x-ray computerized tomography (CT).

     
  4. 4.

    Flow effects are well demonstrated using appropriate sequences.

     
  5. 5.

    NMR is sensitive to a variety of pathological changes within the brain.

     

Keywords

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Inversion Recovery Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Signal Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging White Matter Disease 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Bydder GM, Steiner RE, Young IR, Hall HS, Thomas DJ, Marshall J, Pallis CA, Legg NJ (1982) Clinical NMR imaging of the brain. Am J Roentgenol 139: 215–236Google Scholar
  2. Bydder GM, Pennock JM, Steiner RE, Orr JS, Baffles DR, Young IR (1984) The NMR diagnosis of Cerebral Tumors. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 1: 5–29PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Carr DH, Brown J, Bydder GM, Steiner RE, Weinmann HJ, Spreck U, Hall AJ, Young IR (1984) Intravenous Gadolinium-DTPA as a Contrast Agent. Am J Roentgenol 143: 215224Google Scholar
  4. Johnson MA, Pennock JM, Bydder GM, Steiner RE, Thomas DJ, Hayward R, Bryant DRT, Payne JA, Levene MMI, Whitelaw A, Dubowitz LMS, Dubowitz V (1983) Clinical NMR imaging of the brain in children: Normal and neurological disease. AJNR 4: 1013–1026Google Scholar
  5. Young IR, Baffles DR, Burl M, Collins AG, Smith DT, McDonnell MJ, Orr JS, Banks LM, Bydder GM, Greenspan RH, Steiner RE (1982) Initial clinical evaluation of a whole body NMR tomograph. J Comput Assist Tomogr 6: 1–18PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Young IR, Hall AS, Paths CA, Legg NJ, Bydder GM, Steiner RE (1984) NMR imaging of the brain in multiple sclerosis. Lancet ii: 1063–1066Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. L. Curati
  • R. E. Steiner
    • 1
  1. 1.NMR Unit, Royal Postgraduate Medical SchoolHammersmith HospitalLondonUK

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