Cardiopulmonary System Responses to Muscular Exercise in Man

  • B. J. Whipp
  • S. A. Ward
Conference paper
Part of the Proceedings in Life Sciences book series (LIFE SCIENCES)


Muscular exercise can only be performed at the expense of energy stores which are readily accessible to the contractile mechanisms of skeletal muscle; specifically, through the utilization of the free energy of hydrolysis of ATP. Intramuscular ATP concentrations are themselves maintained at the expense of creatine phosphate breakdown and through increased rates of ATP production resulting from aerobic or anaerobic metabolism.


Carotid Body Ventilatory Response Muscular Exercise Peripheral Chemoreceptor Exercise Onset 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. J. Whipp
    • 1
  • S. A. Ward
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Respiratory Physiology and MedicineUCLA School of Medicine, Harbor-UCLA Medical CenterTorranceUSA
  2. 2.Department of AnesthesiologyUCLA School of Medicine, UCLALos AngelesUSA

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