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Radiologic Signs in Tumoral Pathology: Polyps and Polyposis Syndromes

  • Alain Weissman
  • Jacques Grellet
  • Michel Clot

Abstract

The radiologic appearance of tumors in double contrast is quite different from that observed in Standard radiology. Whereas in Standard radiology, stenosis and filling defects represent the radiologic signs of tumors, double contrast images are more complex and include three types:
  1. 1.

    Tumoral contour images by the tangent effect (polycyclic or circle images); by accumulation of barium at the base of a lesion (Welin’s “bowler hat sign”) or in tumoral irregularities; and by appearance of the tumor in a barium pool (filling defect)

     
  2. 2.

    Tumoral surface images by the addition effect: overlapping of barium coatings of the tumor and colonic walls (“hat sign”, addition image)

     
  3. 3.

    Colonic contour changes caused by the tumor (stenosis, indentation) If filling defects are to be included with these signs, they are less important. With the single contrast technique, the larger the lesion, the more clearly it appears. In double contrast, size does not play as important a role. It is by analysis of all the linear images and filling defects, to determine whether or not they correspond to normal anatomic structures by their form and position, that leads to the detection of abnormal images. One of the major principles in interpreting double contrast is the careful analysis of images and their reasoned interpretation. Since not all images have a corresponding logical explanation (anatomic or artifact), they should be considered pathologic until proven otherwise. While advanced tumors may be more difficult to detect for the nonexperienced observer, they do have different but obvious radiologic signs when the quality of the examination is good and its interpretation thorough.

     

Keywords

Filling Defect Tumoral Pathology Radiologic Sign Polyposis Syndrome Double Contrast 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alain Weissman
    • 1
  • Jacques Grellet
    • 1
  • Michel Clot
    • 2
  1. 1.Service Central de RadiologieGroupe Hospitalier Pitie-SalpétriereParis Cedex 13France
  2. 2.Clinique du CastelEaubonneFrance

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