External Forces Acting upon the Skull

  • Brigitte Demes
Part of the Advances in Anatomy Embryology and Cell Biology book series (ADVSANAT, volume 94)


Occasional impact loadings probably cause the greatest stresses in the skull bones. They are, however, indeterminate in magnitude and direction and their effects on the bone, therefore not predictable. Functional adaptation to these forces cannot take place. It is assumed that resistance is provided by a security factor of bone strength; the curvature and the two-layered construction of the wall provide additional strength to withstand impacts.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brigitte Demes
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Anatomie Arbeitsgruppe Funktionelle MorphologieRuhr-UniversitätBochumGermany

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