Advertisement

Epidemiology of Human Rabies in Kenya

  • T. K. A. Siongok
  • M. Karama

Summary

For the last five years human rabies cases have tremendously increased in Kenya, transmitted through the bites of rabid domestic as well as wild canines. The distribution has moved from previous endemic areas of Eastern and Coast Provinces to Western Kenya affecting Rift Valley, Nyanza, Western and Central Provinces. Other animals have also been affected, both domestic and wild. The animals mostly affected are canines and also bovines, ovines and caprines. Recorded human deaths in the last five years is over sixty. Post exposure immunization has been encouraged as well as first aid management.

The distribution of the disease in humans in different parts of Kenya and strategy to be adopted to control the disease is described.

Keywords

Rift Valley Veterinary Service Wild Canine Communicable Disease Control Livestock Development 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Hudson JR (1944) A short note on the history of rabies in Kenya, vol 21. E Afr Med J, pp 322–327Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rabies and its Prophylaxis (1979) Mimeographed document. Institut Merieux, Lyon, p 14Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Laws of Kenya — Rabies Act, Chapter 365Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Roach RW (1970) Rabies. A mutual problem for the veterinary and Medical Professions. In: Health and Disease in Africa. Proceedings for the 1970 E.A. Medical Research Council Scientific Conference. East African Literature Bureau, Nairobi, pp 201–211Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Tremlett JG (1970) Rabies Control Measures. In: Health and Disease in Africa, Proceeedings of the 1970 East African Medical Research Council Scientific Conference. East African Literature Bureau, Nairobi, pp 212–214Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Department of Veterinary Services (1974) Rabies. In: Vogel LC, Muller AS, Odingo RS, Onyango Z, De Geus A (eds) Health and Disease in Kenya. East African Literature Bureau, Nairobi, pp 297–299Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Fendall NRE (1950) Two cases of hydrophobia. E Afr Med J 27:167–172Google Scholar
  8. 8a.
    Anderson LJ, Baer GM, Smith JS, Winkler WG, Holman RC (1981) Multisite intradermal antirabies vaccination. Immune response in man and protection of rabbits against death from street virus by postexposure administration of human diploid-cell; strain rabies vaccine. Lancet 24, (8252):915–918Google Scholar
  9. 8b.
  10. 10.
    Fayaz A, Simani S, Nour-Salehi S, Bahmanyar M (1981) Booster effect antirabies vaccine in previously treated persons. JAMA 246(20): 2334–2335PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Mann JM, Hoffman RE, Rollag OJ, Bartol L, Burkhart MJ (1981) The advent of human diploid cell rabies vaccine: Impact on vaccine utilization in New Mexico. Amer J Public Health 71:423–424CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Weeks RM, Hutcheson RJ, Schafner W (1981) Preexposure immunization against rabies: A reemphasis for veterinarians. Public Health Rep 96(2): 166–168PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Rabies R (1982) Zoonoses Control. In: Lysenko A (ed) Centre of International Projects GKNT, Moscow, Vol II. USSR/UNEP Project “UNEP” Publications and Information Support Programme in the USSR, pp 11–69Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. K. A. Siongok
    • 1
  • M. Karama
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Communicable Diseases ControlMinistry of HealthNairobiKenya
  2. 2.Division of Communicable Diseases ControlMinistry of HealthNairobiKenya

Personalised recommendations