Response to Maximal Ergometric Load of Different Types and Relation of Cardiorespiratory Parameters to Specific Performance in Young Swimmers

  • J. Novák
  • T. Jurimae
  • V. Bunc
  • E. V. Macková
  • M. Čermák
  • T. Paul
Conference paper


In competitive swimming, 77% of disciplines last about 2 min at the longest. According to Astrand’s design [5], the relative contribution in percent of total energy yield is covered from 65%–70% by anaerobic processes and from 30%–35% aerobically in 100 m races, while in 200 m races both processes are approximately equally important. Other authors [6,25] presume that anaerobic sources participate to a higher extent. Therefore, it is important for competitive swimmers to develop both aerobic and anaerobic power to reach maximal performance in 100 m and 200 m races. It seems to be expedient to distinguish functional predispositions for these two components for appropriate orientation of the training process. Moreover, in freestylers it is possible to choose the race length according to these characteristics. The aims of this study were (a) to distinguish differences in cardiorespiratory and metabolic response to two kinds of ergometric load: first, load corresponding to the duration of swimming races and second, a stepwise increased load to vita maxima conditions, and (b) to compare obtained data with specific performance level of the swimmers.


Maximal Aerobic Power Anaerobic Power Competitive Swimmer Male Swimmer Cardiorespiratory Parameter 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Novák
  • T. Jurimae
  • V. Bunc
  • E. V. Macková
  • M. Čermák
  • T. Paul

There are no affiliations available

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