The Gulf of Aqaba — a Rift-Shaped Depression
The Gulf of Aqaba is the northern extension of the Red Sea und is part of the about 6,000-km-long Syrian-African rift system which extends from Mozambique to Turkey. The Gulf occupies the southern segment of the approximately 1,000-km-long, so-called Dead Sea rift. This rift is a plate boundary of transform type, connecting the Red Sea, where sea-floor spreading occurs, with the Zagros-Taurus zone of continental collision. The Gulf of Aqaba is one of the two rift systems (the Gulf of California is the other) where a mid-ocean ridge system passes into a transform system and runs into a continent (Fig. C. 1).
KeywordsReef Flat Southern Basin Coral Rubble Southern Segment Hypsometric Curve
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