The Gulf of Aqaba — a Rift-Shaped Depression

  • Zeev Reiss
  • Lukas Hottinger
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 50)


The Gulf of Aqaba is the northern extension of the Red Sea und is part of the about 6,000-km-long Syrian-African rift system which extends from Mozambique to Turkey. The Gulf occupies the southern segment of the approximately 1,000-km-long, so-called Dead Sea rift. This rift is a plate boundary of transform type, connecting the Red Sea, where sea-floor spreading occurs, with the Zagros-Taurus zone of continental collision. The Gulf of Aqaba is one of the two rift systems (the Gulf of California is the other) where a mid-ocean ridge system passes into a transform system and runs into a continent (Fig. C. 1).


Reef Flat Southern Basin Coral Rubble Southern Segment Hypsometric Curve 
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  1. Ben-Avraham et al. (1979 a, b), Erez and Gill (1977), Erez et al. (1983), Eyal et al. (1980), Fricke (1982b), Garfunkel (1981), Garfunkel et al. (1981), Gvirtzman and Buchbinder (1978), Gvirtzman et al. (1977), Hall (1975), Hall and Ben-Avraham (1978), Hottinger (1977 a), Reiss (1977), Reiss et al. (1977 a, 1978, 1980).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zeev Reiss
    • 1
  • Lukas Hottinger
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of GeologyThe Hebrew University of JerusalemJerusalemIsrael
  2. 2.Geologisch-paläontologisches Institut der Universität BaselBaselSwitzerland

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