Production of Iron and Steel

  • M. B. Hocking

Abstract

Iron, at 5 % of the earth’s crust, is the most abundant metal after aluminum and the fourth most abundant element present in the surface rocks of the earth [1]. Iron is also the pre-eminently useful metal of our society for the manufacture of machinery of all types and for constructional purposes. The general wide utility of iron, on its own quite a versatile metal, and of an increasingly wide variety of steels, iron alloys which are being tailored to meet a range of demanding applications, combine to make the tonnage of iron produced each year easily exceed the combined annual production of all the other metals used by man.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Relevant Bibliography

  1. 1.
    R.B. Elver, Direct Iron Process and their Prospects in Eastern Canada, Dept. of Mines and Technical Surveys, Ottawa, 1960Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    K.M. Leopold, Approaches to Controlling Air Contamination at the Foundry, Mod. Casting 61, 64, Sept. 1977Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    H.B.H. Cooper and W.J. Green, Energy Consumption Requirements for Air Pollution Control at an Iron Foundry, J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc. 28, 545, May 1978Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Foundry Monitors Waste Water, Foundry Manag. and Tech. 195, 70, Jan. 1977Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    G.G. Cillie, Use of Water in the Iron and Steel Industry, J. of Metal 11, 35, (1971)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Removal of Phenol and Thiocyanate from Coke Plant Effluents at Dofasco, Proc. 16th Ont. Indust. Waste Conf., Ontario, 1969Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    F.C. Lauer, Solvent Extraction Process for Phenols Recovery from Coke Plant Aqueous Waste, Iron and Steel Eng. 46, 99, (1969)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Air and Water Quality Control at Stelco’s Hilton Works, Iron and Steel Eng. 53, 75, Nov., 1976Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    J.H. Waugh and R.J. Triscori, Consider all the Options for a Sinter Plant Air Pollution Control System, Iron and Steel Eng. 54, 36, March 1977Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    N.T. Stephens, J.M. Hughes, B.W. Owen, and W.O. Warwick, Emissions Control and Ambient Air Quality at a Secondary Steel Production Facility, J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc. 27, 61, Jan. 1977Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    D. Marchand, Possible Improvement to Dust Collection in Electric Steel Plants and Summary of all Planned and Existing Systems in the Federal Republic of Germany, Ironmaking and Steelmaking 3 (4), 221, (Discussion p. 230 ), 1976Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Recycling Steel Automotive Bumpers, Industrial Finish. 52, 40, Nov. 1977Google Scholar
  13. 1.
    B. Mason, Principles of Geochemistry, 3rd edition, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1966, page 46Google Scholar
  14. 2.
    J. Newton Friend, Iron in Antiquity, Charles Griffin and Co., London, 1926, page 27Google Scholar
  15. 3.
    J. Dearden, Iron and Steel Today, 2nd edition, Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford, 1956, page 19Google Scholar
  16. 4.
    W.K.V. Gale, Iron and Steel, Longmans, Green and Co., London, 1969Google Scholar
  17. 5.
    W.K.V. Gale, The British Iron and Steel Industry, David and Charles, Newton Abbot, 1967Google Scholar
  18. 6.
    J.B. Pearse, A Concise History of the Iron Manufacture of the American Colonies up to the Revolution and of Pennsylvania until the Present Time, Burt Franklin, New York, 1970, reprint of the 1876 editionGoogle Scholar
  19. 7.
    Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, Interscience, New York, 1952, volume 8Google Scholar
  20. 8.
    The Making, Shaping and Treating of Steel, 9th edition, H.E. McGannon, editor, United States Steel, Pittsburgh, 1971Google Scholar
  21. 9.
    Minerals Yearbook, volume 1, Bureau of Mines, U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Washington 1981, page 405Google Scholar
  22. 10.
    McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1971, volume 13, page 98Google Scholar
  23. 11.
    Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, 3rd edition, Wiley Interscience, New York, 1981, volume 13, page 743Google Scholar
  24. 12.
    J.A. Allen, Studies in Innovation in the Steel and Chemical Industries, A.M. Kelley, New York 1968Google Scholar
  25. 13.
    D.A. Fisher, The Epic of Steel, Harper and Row, New York, 1963Google Scholar
  26. 14.
    C.S. Russell and W.J. Vaughan, Steel Production: Processes and Residuals, Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, 1976Google Scholar
  27. 15.
    Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, 2nd edition, Interscience, New York, 1969, volume 18, page 715Google Scholar
  28. 16.
    G.E. Wittur, Primary Iron and Steel in Canada, Department of Energy, Mines and Resources, Ottawa, 1968Google Scholar
  29. 17.
    M. Finniston, Chem. Ind. (London), 501, June 19, 1976Google Scholar
  30. 18.
    Potentials for More High-strength, Low-alloy Steels in Autos, Metal Prog. 109 (2), 26, Feb. 1976Google Scholar
  31. 19.
    M.S. Rashid, Science 208, 862, May 1980CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 20.
    J.T. Sponzilli, C.H. Sperry, J.L. Lytell, Jr., Metal Prog. 109(2), 32, Feb.Google Scholar
  33. 21.
    Chemical Engineers Handbook, 4th edition, R.H. Perry, editor, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1969Google Scholar
  34. 22.
    Lange’s Handbook of Chemistry, 10th edition, N.A. Lange, editor, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1969Google Scholar
  35. 23.
    W.A. Luce, Ind. Eng. Chem. 49(9) part D, 1643, Sept. 1957Google Scholar
  36. 24.
    R.F. Bunshah and A.H. Shabaik, Research/Devel. 26 (6), 46, June 1975Google Scholar
  37. 25.
    The Steel Industry and the Environment, J. Szekely, editor, Marcel Dekker, New York, 1973Google Scholar
  38. 26.
    Handbook of Environmental Control, volume I, Air Pollution, CRC Press, Cleveland, Ohio, 1972Google Scholar
  39. 27.
    Industrial Pollution Control Handbook, H.F. Lund, editor, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1971Google Scholar
  40. 28.
    Waste Iron-bearing Fumes, Chem. Eng. News 55(16), 17, April 18, 1977Google Scholar
  41. 29.
    Magnetic Filter May Cut Pollution, Chemecology 11, July 1980Google Scholar
  42. 30.
    N.L. Nemerow, Industrial Water Pollution, Origins, Characteristics, Treatment, Addison Wesley, Reading, Mass. 1978Google Scholar
  43. 31.
    Riegel’s Handbook of Industrial Chemistry, 7th edition, J.A. Kent, editor, Van NostrandReinhold Co., New York, 1974Google Scholar
  44. 32.
    R.N. Shreve and J.A. Brink, Jr., Chemical Process Industries, 4th edition, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1977Google Scholar
  45. 33.
    Process Destroys Cyanide, Can. Chem. Proc. 66(6), 8, Sept. 10, 1982Google Scholar
  46. 34.
    1979/80 Statistical Yearbook, United Nations, New York, 1981Google Scholar
  47. 35.
    G.R. Bashworth. The Manufacture of Iron and Steel, 3rd edition, Chapman and Hall, London, 1964, cited by J.A. Allen, Studies in Innovation in the Steel and Chemical Industries, A.M. Kelley, New York, 1968Google Scholar
  48. 39.
    E. Oberg, F.D. Jones and H.L. Horton, Machinery’s Handbook, 20th edition, Industrial Press, Inc., New York, 1975Google Scholar
  49. 37.
    H.H. Sisler, C.A. Vanderwerf, and A.W. Davidson, General Chemistry, a Systematic Approach, MacMillan Co., New York 1949Google Scholar
  50. 38.
    American Iron and Steel Institute, Annual Statistical Report, 1949. Cited by reference 30Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. B. Hocking
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of VictoriaVictoriaCanada

Personalised recommendations