Part of the Springer Series in Synergetics book series (SSSYN, volume 26)
Two Principles for Self-Organization
In this paper I would like to propose two guiding principles for the study and understanding of self-organization in natural systems, which are derived from a combination of both empirical observation and cybernetic considerations. The basic thrust of these ideas is to see self-organization as a behavior of a specific class or type of systems, whose organization can be clearly spelled out. This amounts to explore the underlying mechanisms for self-organization itself. The two principles are as follows:
- Principle 1:
Every operationally closed system has eigenbehaviors.
- Principle 2:
Every operationally closed system changes by natural drift.
KeywordsOperational Closure Lateral Geniculate Nucleus Boolean Network Internal Coherence Basic Thrust
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Notes and References
- (2).The notion of operational closure is motivated, defined, and explored extensively in F. Varela (1979), Principles of Biological Autonomy, North-Holland/Elsevier, New York.Google Scholar
- (3).Cf. Varela (1979), op.cit. for further discussion on the meaning and formal definition of this term.Google Scholar
- (4).A discussion of recent results is F. Fogelman-Soulie (1984), Frustration and stability in random boolean networks, Discrete Math. (forthcoming).Google Scholar
- (5).For more on this notion see H. Maturana and F. Varela (1984), Evolution: natural drift through the conservation of adaptation, J. biological, social Structures (forthcoming).Google Scholar
- (6).See Maturana and Varela (1980) op.cit. for the original discussion of this point of view.Google Scholar
- (8).For an interesting approach to this question see P. Peretto (1984), Statistical properties of neural networks, Biological Cybernetics (in press).Google Scholar
- (9).See Maturana and Varela (1984) op.cit. for more on this crucial point.Google Scholar
- (13).This paper is partly based on F. Varela, (1983), L’autorganisation: au-delà des appariances et vers le méchanisme, in: P. Dumouchel, J.P. Dupuy (Eds.), L’Autorganisation, Colloque de Cerisy, Eds. du Seuil, Paris.Google Scholar
© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984