Urban Hydrology and Sedimentation in the Humid Tropics

  • Avijit Gupta


Over the last twenty-five years a considerable amount of research has been done on the modification of the physical environment by urbanization. A large storage of data on changes in local hydrology, sedimentation patterns and channel morphology has been created, a conceptual model of the time-sequence and intensity of such changes has been built, and the information and concepts have been used to ameliorate environmental problems arising from urbanization.


Sediment Yield Drainage Channel Humid Tropic Sediment Production Urban Drainage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Anderson DG (1970) Effects of urban development on floods in northern Virginia: US Geol Surv Water-Supply Pap 2001-C, 22 ppGoogle Scholar
  2. Bandyopadhyay M, Bose B (1975) A nonlinear hydrologic model for Calcutta town system. In: Proc Natl Symp Urban Hydrol Sediment Control. Univ Kentucky, Lexington, pp 219–226Google Scholar
  3. Berry BJL (1973) The human consequences of urbanization. St Martin’s Press, New York, 205 ppGoogle Scholar
  4. Bishop JE (1973) Limnology of a small Malayan river, Sungei Gombak. Monogr Biol 22. Junk, The Hague, 485 ppGoogle Scholar
  5. Bras RL, Perkins FE (1975) Effects of urbanization on catchment response J Hydr Div Am Soc Civ Eng HY3:451–466Google Scholar
  6. Carter RW (1961) Magnitude and frequency of floods in suburban areas. US Geol Surv Prof Pap 424-B: 9–11Google Scholar
  7. Chang KK (1969) Report on rainfall intensities of Singapore Island. Publ Works Dep, Singapore, Hydrol Unit, Mimeogr Rep, 13 pp Chow DSK,Google Scholar
  8. Chang KK (968) Drainage in the Republic of Singapore. J Inst Eng Singapore 7:17–23Google Scholar
  9. Dale WL (1959) The rainfall of Malaya, part I. J Trop Geogr 13: 23–37Google Scholar
  10. Dale WL (I960) The rainfall of Malaya, part II. J Trop Geogr 14:11–28Google Scholar
  11. Das PK (1968) The monsoons: Natl Book Trust, New Delhi, India, 162 ppGoogle Scholar
  12. Douglas I (1967 a) Natural and man-made erosion in the humid tropics of Australia, Malaysia and Singapore. Int Assoc Sci Hydrol 75: 17–30Google Scholar
  13. Douglas I (1967 b) Man, vegetation and the sediment yield of rivers. Nature (London) 215:925–928Google Scholar
  14. Douglas I (1968) Erosion in the Sungei Gombak catchment, Selangor, Malaysia. J Trop Geogr 26: 1–16Google Scholar
  15. Douglas I (1969) The efficiency of humid tropical denudation systems. Inst Br Geogr Trans 46: 1–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Douglas I (1970) Measurements of river erosion in West Malaysia. Malayan Nature J 23: 78–83Google Scholar
  17. Douglas I (1974) The impact of urbanisation on river systems. In: Int Geogr Un Reg Conf Proc, Palmerston North, pp 307–317Google Scholar
  18. Douglas I (1975) Flood waves and suspended sediment pulses in urbanised catchments. Hydrol Symp Inst Eng Aust Natl. Conf Publ 75/3, Armidale, pp 61–64Google Scholar
  19. Douglas I (1978) The impact of urbanisation on fluvial geomorphology in the humid tropics. Geo-Eco-Trop 2: 229–242Google Scholar
  20. Dunne T, Leopold LB (1978) Water in environmental planning. Freeman, San Francisco, 818 ppGoogle Scholar
  21. Dwyer DJ (1979) People and housing in third world cities. Longman, London, 286 ppGoogle Scholar
  22. Fiddes D (1977) Design storms for East Africa. In: Proc Symposium Flood Hydrol, Nairobi, 1975. TRRL Suppl Rep 259, Dep Environ Transp, Crowthorne, Berkshire, England, pp 184–196Google Scholar
  23. Graf WL (1975) The impact of suburbanization on fluvial geomorphology. Water Resour Res 11: 690–692CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Gregory KJ (1974) Streamflow and building activity. In: Gregory KJ, Walling DE (eds) Fluvial processes in instrumented watersheds. London Inst Br Geogr Spec Pubi 6: 107–122Google Scholar
  25. Griffiths JF (1972) Climates of Africa. World survey of climatology, vol X. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 604 ppGoogle Scholar
  26. Gupta A (1982 a) Flood and sedimentation problems from urbanization in developing countries: Landplan 1 Symp Proc, Bangkok, pp D3. 1–10Google Scholar
  27. Gupta A (1982 b) Observations on the effects of urbanization on runoff and sediment production in Singapore. Singapore J Trop Geogr 3:137–146Google Scholar
  28. Hammer TR (1972) Stream channel enlargement due to urbanization. Water Resour Res 8: 1530–40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Henry WK (1974) The tropical rainstorm. Mon Weather Rev 102: 717–725CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Hollis GE (1974) The effect of urbanization on floods in the Canon’s Brook, Harlow, Essex. In: Gregory KJ, Walling DE (eds) Fluvial processes in instrumented watersheds. London Inst Br Geogr Spec Publ; 6: 123–139Google Scholar
  31. Hollis GE (1975) The effect of urbanization on floods of different recurrence interval. Water Resour Res 11: 431–435CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Hudson N (1971) Soil conservation. Cornell Univ Press, Ithaca, 320 ppGoogle Scholar
  33. Jackson IJ (1977) Climate, weather and agriculture in the tropics. Longman, London, 248 ppGoogle Scholar
  34. Jones M, Court P, Woodward PG (1977) Storm profiles for East Africa. In: Proc Symp Flood Hydrol, Nairobi, 1975. TRRL Suppl Rep 259, Dep Environ Transp, Crowthorne, Berkshire, England, pp 175–183Google Scholar
  35. Joshua WD (1977) Soil erosive power of rainfall in the different climatic zones of Sri Lanka. In: Proceedings erosion and solid matter transport inland waters symposium, Paris, 1977. Int Assoc Hydrol Sci, IAHS-AISH Pubi 122, pp 51–61Google Scholar
  36. Lai VB, Banerji S, Naryanan J (1977) Sediment yield in relation to drainage basin characteristics in some Indian river valley projects. In: Proceedings erosion and solid matter transport inland waters symposium, Paris, 1977. Int Assoc Hydrol Sci, IAHS-AISH Pubi 122, pp 93–97Google Scholar
  37. Leigh, CH (1982) Urban development and soil erosion in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. J Env Managern 15: 35–45Google Scholar
  38. Leigh CH, Low KS (1973) An appraisal of the flood situation in West Malaysia. In: Proc Symp Biol Resour Natl Dev, Kuala Lumpur, 1973. Malayan Nature Soc, Kuala Lumpur, pp 57–72Google Scholar
  39. Leopold LB (1968) Hydrology for urban land planning. US Geol Surv Circ 554: 18Google Scholar
  40. McPherson MB (1974) Hydrological effects of urbanization. Stud Rep Hydrol 18, Unesco Press, Paris, 280 ppGoogle Scholar
  41. McPherson MB, Zuidema FC (1978) Urban hydrological modeling and catchment research international summary. Tech Pap Hydrol 18. Unesco Press, Paris, 48 ppGoogle Scholar
  42. Monnet C (1971) Donnée sur le transport en suspension par un fleuve de zone intertropicale (Bandama, Côte d’Ivoire). CR Acad Sci Ser D 273: 41–44Google Scholar
  43. Mousinho de Meis R, da Silva R (1968) Mouvements de masse récents à Rio de Janeiro: une étude de géomorphologie dynamique. Rev. Geomorphol Dyn 18: 145–151Google Scholar
  44. Murabayashi ET, Fok Yu-Si (1980) Urbanization-induced impacts on infiltration capacity and on rainfall-runoff relation in an Hawaiian urban area. Water Resour Res Center, Honolulu Proj Bull, 2 ppGoogle Scholar
  45. Nossin JJ, Levelt ThWM (1967) Igneous rock weathering on Singapore Island. Z Geomorphol 11: 14–35Google Scholar
  46. Nutalaya P, Rau JL (1981) Bangkok: the sinking metropolis. Episodes 1981 (4): 3–8Google Scholar
  47. Olivry JC (1977) Transports solides en suspension au Cameroun. In: Proceedings erosions and solid matter transport inland waters symposium, Paris, 1977. Hydrol Sci, IAHS-AIHS Pubi 122, pp 134–141Google Scholar
  48. Penteado-Orellana MM (1981) Estudo geomorfológico do sitio urbano de Rio Claro (SP). Not Geomorfol Campinas 21: 23–56Google Scholar
  49. Raman V, Bandyopadhya M (1969) Frequency analysis of rainfall intensities for Calcutta. J Sanitary Eng Div Am Soc Civ Eng 95: SA6, 1013–1030Google Scholar
  50. Ramaseshan S, Sarma PBS (1978) Urban hydrological modeling and catchment research in India. Unesco research on urban hydrology, vol II, Tech Pap Hydrol 16. Unesco Press, Paris pp 131–152Google Scholar
  51. Rau JL, Nutalaya P (1982) Geomorphology and land subsidence in Bangkok, Thailand. In: Craig RG, Craft JL (eds) Applied geomorphology. George Allen and Unwin, London, pp 181–201Google Scholar
  52. Shallow PG (1956) River flow in the Cameroon Highlands. Hydro-Electr Tech Mem No 3. Central Electricity Board, Kuala LumpurGoogle Scholar
  53. Singapore Drainage Department (1978) Code of practice on surface water drainage. Minist Environ, Singapore, 9 ppGoogle Scholar
  54. Singapore Planning Department (1980) Revised masterplan report of survey. Minist Natl Dev, Singapore, 68 ppGoogle Scholar
  55. United Nations (1980) Patterns of urban and rural population growth. UN Dep Int Econ Soc Affairs, Ser A, Popul Stud 68. New York, 175 ppGoogle Scholar
  56. Van Dijk JW, Vogelzang WLM (1948) The influence of improper soil management on erosion velocity in the Tjiloetoeng Basin. Commun Gen Agric Exp Stn, Buitenzorg Java 71: 1–10Google Scholar
  57. Vice RB, Guy HP, Ferguson GE (1969) Sediment movement in an area of suburban highway construction, Scott Run Basin, Fairfax County, Virginia, 1961–64. US Geol Surv Water- Supply Pap 1591-E: 41Google Scholar
  58. Wark JW, Keller FJ (1963) Preliminary study of sediment sources and transport in the Potomac River basin. Interstate Comm Potomac River Basin Tech Bull 1963–11: 28 ppGoogle Scholar
  59. Watts IEM (1955) Rainfall of Singapore Island. Malayan J Trop Geogr 7: 1–68Google Scholar
  60. Wolman MG (1967) A cycle of sedimentation and erosion in urban river channels. Geogr Ann 49A: 385–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Wolman MG, Schick A (1967) Effects of construction on fluvial sediment, urban and suburban areas of Maryland. Water Resour Res 3: 451–464CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Wong PP (1969 a) The surface configuration of Singapore Island: a quantitative description. J Trop Geogr 29:64–74Google Scholar
  63. Wong PP (1969b) The changing landscape of Singapore Island: In: Ooi Jin-Bee Chiang Hai Ding (eds) Modern Singapore. Univ Singapore, Singapore, pp 20–57Google Scholar
  64. Yorke TH, Herb J (1978) Effects of urbanization on stream-flow and sediment transport in the Rock Creek and Anacostia River Basins, Montgomery County, Maryland, 1962–74: US Geol Surv Prof Pap 1003: 71Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Avijit Gupta
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeographyNational University of SingaporeSingapore

Personalised recommendations