Advertisement

Selection and Numbers in Models of Life Histories

  • G. De Jong
Conference paper
Part of the Proceedings in Life Sciences book series (LIFE SCIENCES)

Abstract

In integrating the models of population genetics and population dynamics, the main avenue opened is for models of the evolution of the ecological parameters determining the dynamics of a population. The first effort in this direction is perhaps that of MacArthur (1962). Coming from ecology, he based himself upon the familiar logistic equation. His supposition is that the fitness of population genetics and the r of the logistic equation refer to the same quantity. MacArthur proposes another population genetics, where fitness would be K. The substance of MacArthur’s article is repeated in Chapter 7 of MacArthur and Wilson’s The Theory of Island Biogeography (1967). The model of MacArthur and Wilson compares genes to species, though it can be doubted whether this a legitimate approach. Moreover, it is not at all clear that the verbal description of r- and K-selection in Chapter 7 is consistent with the bit of model presented.

Keywords

Life History Survival Curve Clutch Size Female Fecundity Equilibrium Number 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anderson WW (1971) Genetic equilibrium and population growth under density regulated selection. Am Nat 105:489–498CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Charlesworth B (1971) Selection in density regulated populations. Ecology 52:469–474CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Charlesworth B (1972) Selection in populations with overlapping generations. III. Conditions for genetic equilibrium. Theor Popul Biol 3:377–395PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Charlesworth B (1981) Evolution in age structured populations. Univ Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  5. Chesson PL (1981) Models for spatially distributed populations: the effect of within patch variability. Theor Popul Biol 19:288–325CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Clarke BC (1972) Density dependent selection. Am Nat 106:1–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Goodman D (1974) Natural selection and a cost of reproductive effort. Am Nat 108:247–268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Heckel DG, Roughgarden J (1980) A species near its equilibrium size in a fluctuating environment can evolve a lower intrinsic rate of increase. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 77:7497–7500PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Iwasa Y, Teramoto E (1980) A criterion of life history evolution based on density dependent selection. J Theor Biol 84:545–566PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Jong de G (1979) The influence of the distribution of juveniles over patches of food on the dynamics of a population. Neth J Zool 29:33–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Jong de G (1982) Fecundity selection and maximization of equilibrium number. Neth J Zool 32:572–585CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Léon JA, Charlesworth B (1978) Ecological versions of Fisher’s fundamental theorem of natural selection. Ecology 59:457–464CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. MacArthur RH (1962) Some generalized theorems of natural selection. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 48:1893–1897PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. MacArthur RH, Whilson EO (1967) The theory of island biogeograph. Princeton University Press, PrincetonGoogle Scholar
  15. Prout T (1980) Some relationships between density-independent selection and density dependent population growth. Evol Biol 13:1–68Google Scholar
  16. Roughgarden J (1971) Density dependent natural selection. Ecology 52:453–468CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Roughgarden J (1976) Resource partitioning among competing species - a revolutionary approach. Theor Popul Biol 9:388–424PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Roughgarden J (1979) Theory of population genetics and evolutionary ecology: an introduction. Macmillan, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  19. Thomas WR, Pomerantz M J, Gilpin ME (1980) Chaos, asymmetric growth and group selection for dynamical stability. Ecology 61:1312–1320CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Turelli M, Petry D (1980) Density dependent selection in a random environment: an evolutionary process that can maintain stable population dynamics. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 77:7501–7505: its biological and conceptual aspects. Prentice Hall, NJsPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. De Jong
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Population and Evolutionary BiologyUniversity of UtrechtUtrechtThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations