ESCA in Polymer Spectroscopy

Part of the Polymers book series (POLYMERS, volume 7)


Electron Spectroscopy for Chemical Analysis (or Applications) — ESCA — is based on the following principle1, 2): monochromatic short-wavelength radiation is used in order to detach electrons from the sample, the kinetic energy of the electrons being measured by means of an electron analyser. The difference in energy between the exciting photons of frequency v and the electrons detached (E kin) is equal to the binding energy of the electron.


Valence Band Ionisation Energy Energy Band Valence Electron Ionisation Cross Section 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Siegbahn, K. et al: Nova Scota R. Soc. Sci., Uppsala, Ser. IV, 20 (1967)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Siegbahn, K., in: Electron Spectroscopy. Progress in Research and Applications, Caudano, R., Verbist J. (eds.), Amsterdam: Elsevier 1974, p. 3; see also17) Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Clark, D.T., in: Jvin, K.J. (ed.): Structural Studies of Maeromolecules by Spectroscopic Methods, London: Wiley 1976, p. 111Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Pireaux, J.J., Riga, J., Verbist, J.J., Delhalle, J., Delhalle, S., André, J.M., Gobillon, Y.: Phys. Scripta 16, 329 (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    André, J.-M., Ladik, J., Delhalle, J. (eds): Electronic Structure of Polymers and Molecular Crystals, New York: Plenum 1975Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Clark, D.T., Kilcast, D., Feast, W.J., Musgrave, W.K.R.: J. Pol. Sci. Pol. Chem. Ed. 11, 389 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lee, L.-H. (ed.): Characterization of Metal and Polymer Surfaces, Vol. 2, Polymer Surfaces, New York: Academic Press 1977, Part 1 (ESCA)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kittel, C.: Introduction to Solid State Physics, New York: Wiley 1971, German Transi. München: Oldenburg, Frankfurt am Main: Wiley, 3rd ed. 1973Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Spenke, E.: Elektronische Halbleiter, 2nd ed., Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer 1965Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gutmann, F., Lyons, L.E.: Organic Semiconductors, New York: Wiley 1967Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Bässler, H.: Phys. Stat. Sol. (b), 107, 9 (1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Delhalle, J., André, J.-M., Delhalle, S., Pireaux, J.J., Caudano, R., Verbist, J.J.: J. Chem. Phys., 60, 595 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    André, J.-M., Delhalle, J., Delhalle, S., Caudano, R., Pireaux, J.J., Verbist, J.J.: Chem. Phys. Lett. 23, 206 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bloor, D.: Chem. Phys. Lett., 40, 323 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Bauser, H., Klöpffer, W., Rabenhorst, H. in: Advances in Static Electricity, Vol. 1, p.2 (1970), Proceedings of the 1st Int. Conf. on Static Electricity, Vienna (Austria), May 4–6, 1970Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Mort, J., Pfister, G.: Electronic Properties of Polymers, New York: Wiley 1982Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Brundle, C.R., Baker, A.D. (eds.): Electron Spectroscopy, Theory, Techniques and Applications, Vol. 1–3, London: Academic Press 1977, 1978, 1979Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Clark, D.T. in: Cantow, H.J. et al. (eds.): Molecular Properties, Adv. Pol. Sci., Vol.24, 125, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer 1977Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Clark, D.T.: Pure Appl. Chem. 54, 415 (1982)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Clark, D.T.: ACS Meeting Monograph (1982/1983), The Modification, Degradation, and Synthesis of Polymer Surfaces Studied by Means of ESCAGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Peeling, J., Clark, D.T.: Pol. Degrad. Stab. 3, 97 1980CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Silinsh, E.A.: Organic Molecular Crystals, Their Electronic States, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer 1980Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Pope, M., Swenberg, C.E.: Electronic Processes in Organic Crystals, Oxford University Press 1982Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Seki, K., Hashimoto, S., Sato, N., Harada, Y., Ishii, K., Inokuchi, H., Kaube, J.: J. Chem. Phys. 66, 3644 (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Battelle-Institut e. V.Frankfurt/M. 90Germany

Personalised recommendations