Anaesthetic Mortality and Pulmonary Function

  • O. Norlander
  • B. Hallen
Part of the European Academy of Anaesthesiology book series (ANAESTHESIOLOGY, volume 3)


The safety of anaesthesia is commonly expressed in numbers of deaths directly associated with anaesthetic procedures. Mortality is a poor measure and has several drawbacks as it is difficult to evaluate contributing factors such as surgery, types of emergency etc. Harrison in 1978(1) in an analysis of more than 240,000 patients from the period 1967–1977, established 531 deaths associated with anaesthesia or 2.3 per 1000 anaesthetics. In 0.2 per 1000 anaesthetics, the anaesthethesia procedure itseld was the main cause of death. Three major groups could be established
  • Complications associated with the airways — intubation

  • Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle relaxants — residual effects

  • Inadequate observation and technical problems related to equipment hypovolaemia


Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Obstructive Lung Disease Respiratory Insufficiency Pulmonary Dysfunction Anaesthetic Procedure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. Norlander
  • B. Hallen

There are no affiliations available

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