Perspectives and Prospectives on Health Effects of Metals

Group Report
  • T. E. Kjellström
  • B. G. Bennett
  • T. W. Clarkson
  • D. F. Hornig
  • J. S. Lin-Fu
  • H. L. Needleman
  • K. Nogawa
  • G. Winneke
  • R. L. Zielhuis
Conference paper
Part of the Dahlem Workshop Reports, Life Sciences Research Report book series (DAHLEM, volume 28)


Metals and other elements are fundamental to the basic survival of the human being and to the functioning of traditional and modern societies. Many of the metals and specific compounds of metals are essential for physiological and biochemical functions (e.g., Cu, Zn, Fe, Co, Mn). Others (e.g., Pb, Cd, Hg, As) have a proven toxicity to humans at exposure levels which have occurred in the environment. One can say that most metals are “essential” to the industrialized society in terms of their use in products which have become a part of everyday life. On the other hand, specific uses of a specific metal can often be eliminated by replacing the product or the metal by some alternative. The anthropogenic sources of metals in the environment can thus be influenced, and one ultimate aim of the evaluation of the health effects of metal exposure is to provide a basis for decisions about actions against anthropogenic metal emissions.


Health Effect Metal Species Metal Compound Metal Exposure Blood Lead Level 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Dr. S. Bernhard, Dahlem Konferenzen, Berlin 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. E. Kjellström
  • B. G. Bennett
  • T. W. Clarkson
  • D. F. Hornig
  • J. S. Lin-Fu
  • H. L. Needleman
  • K. Nogawa
  • G. Winneke
  • R. L. Zielhuis

There are no affiliations available

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