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Forces on Suspended Particles in the Electromagnetic Field

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Part of the Proceedings in Life Sciences book series (LIFE SCIENCES)

Abstract

There occurs the phenomenon of pearl chain formation above a critical field strength if a suspension of small particles (diameter of approximately 10–4) is exposed to an electromagnetic field. For special cases when the medium and the particles show no dielectric losses, qualitative and semi-quantitative analysis has been given by Krasny-Ergen (1) and Saito (2).This analysis is based on relations for the body forces which are derived from energy principles in electrostatics and cannot be applied when di-electric losses occur (see for example Landau-Lifshitz (3)).

Keywords

  • Dielectric Loss
  • Body Force
  • Electric Field Strength
  • Energy Principle
  • Pressure Tensor

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References

  1. Krasny-Ergen W., Hochfreq. u. Elektroak.s 48, 126 (1936).

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  2. Saito M., and H.P. Schwan in: Biological Effects of Microwave Radiation Mary Fouse Peyton Ed., page 85–97, Plenum Press, New York 1961.

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  3. Landau L.D., and E.M. Lifshitz “Electrodynamics of Continuous Media”. Course of Theoretical Physics Vol.8, page 253–256, Pergamon Press, New York 1960.

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  4. Meixner J., Z.f.Physik 229, 352–364 (1969).

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  5. De Groot S.R., P.Mazur “Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics”, page 376–404 North Holland, Amsterdam 1962.

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  6. Denner V., H.A. Pohl: Research Note 127, Quantum Theoretical Research Group, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK (1982).

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  7. Sher L.D., Nature 220, 695–696 (1968)

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  8. Sauer F.A.: “Ponderomotive Forces on Dielectric Materials with Losses in Periodic Fields”, to be published

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  9. SAUER F.A. and R. SCHLÖGL: “Trajectories of Long Cylinders and Spheres in a Homogeneous High Frequency Field” to be published

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  10. POHL H.A., “Dielectrophoresis”, Cambridge University Press, 1978.

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© 1983 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

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Sauer, F.A. (1983). Forces on Suspended Particles in the Electromagnetic Field. In: Fröhlich, H., Kremer, F. (eds) Coherent Excitations in Biological Systems. Proceedings in Life Sciences. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-69186-7_14

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-69186-7_14

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

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