Advertisement

Mammal Species Diversity in Australian Heathlands: the Importance of Pyric Succession and Habitat Diversity

  • B. J. Fox
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 43)

Abstract

Many of the ecological studies of Australian small mammals have related to the effects of fire, predominantly forest fire (Cowley et al. 1969; Christensen and Kimber 1975; Newsome et al. 1975; Recher et al. 1975, 1978; Schmidt and Mason 1975; Fox and McKay 1981). Cockburn (1978) and Fox (1980; 1982b) are the only studies dealing specifically with heathland regeneration after fire. However, the areas studied by both Newsome et al. (1975) and Recher et al. (1975) contained heath components, as did that of Catling and Newsome (1981) who recently explored the proposition that Australian vertebrate fauna has adapted to an environment subject to frequent burning over evolutionary time, as has been suggested for the flora by Mount (1964) and Gill (1975). Newsome and Catling (1979) produced a habitat complexity score, made up of components important to heathland small mammal species, and used it to analyse faunal habitat relations in lowland and highland heaths, and changes in small mammal faunas in pyric succession.

Keywords

Small Mammal Regeneration Niche Recovery Index Myall Lake Southern Community 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ahern Ld, (1974) A trapping study to determine habitat utilization and biology of small mammals at Sandy Point, Westernport with particular emphasis upon Sminthopsis leucopus (Gray). BSc (Hons) Thesis. Latrobe University.Google Scholar
  2. Baynes A (1982) Dasyurids in Late Quaternary communities in southwestern Australia. In: Archer M (ed) Carnivorous marsupials. Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales, Sydney, pp 503–510.Google Scholar
  3. Braithwaite RW, Gullan P (1978) Habitat selection by smal-l mammals in a Victorian heathland. Australian Journal of Ecology 3: 109–127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Braithwaite RW, Cockburn A, Lee AK (1978) Resource partitioning by small mammals in lowland heath communities of southeastern Australia. Australian Journal of Ecology 3: 423–445.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Carolin RC (1970) Myall Lakes — an ancient and modern monument. Proceedings of the Ecological Society of Australia 5: 123–129.Google Scholar
  6. Catling P, Newsome AE (1981) Responses of the Australian vertebrate fauna to fire: an evolutionary approach. In: Gill AM, Groves RH, Noble IR (eds) Fire and the Australian biota. Australian Academy of Science, Canberra, pp 273–310.Google Scholar
  7. Christensen PE, Kimber PC (1975) Effect of prescribed burning on the flora of south-west Australian forests. Proceedings of the Ecological Society of Australia 9: 85–106.Google Scholar
  8. Cockburn A (1978) The distribution of Pseudomys shortridgei (Muridae: Rodentia) and its relevance to the other heathland Pseudomys. Australian Wildlife Research 5: 213–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cowley RD, Heislers A, Ealey Ehm (1969) Effects of fire on wildlife. Victoria’s Resources 11: 18–22.Google Scholar
  10. Dwyer P, Hockings M, Willmer J (1979) Mammals of Cooloola and Beerwah. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 90: 65–84.Google Scholar
  11. Fox BJ (1980) The ecology of a small mammal community: secondary succession, niche dynamics, habitat partitioning, community structure and species diversity. PhD Thesis. Macquarie University.Google Scholar
  12. Fox BJ (1982a) Ecological separation and coexistence in Sminthopsis murina and Antechinus stuartii: a regeneration niche? In: Archer M (ed) Carnivorous marsupials. Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales, Sydney, pp 187–197.Google Scholar
  13. Fox BJ (1982b) Fire and mammal secondary succession in an Australian coastal heathland. Ecology 63. In press.Google Scholar
  14. Fox BJ, Fox MD (1978) Recolonization of coastal heath by Pseudomys novaehollandiae (Rodentia: Muridae) following sand mining. Australian Journal of Ecology 3: 447–465.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Fox BJ, Fox MD (1981) A comparison of vegetation classifications as descriptors of small mammal habitat preference. In: Gillison AN, Anderson DJ (eds) Vegetation classification in Australia. CSIRO and Australian National University Press, Canberra, Australia, pp 166–180.Google Scholar
  16. Fox BJ, Mckay GM (1981) Small mammal responses to pyric successional change in a eucalypt forest. Australian Journal of Ecology 6: 29–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Gill AM (1975) Fire and the Australian flora: a review. Australian Forestry 38: 4–25.Google Scholar
  18. Groves RH, Specht RL (1965) Growth of heath vegetation. I. Annual growth curves of two heath ecosystems in Australia. Australian Journal of Botany 13: 261–280.Google Scholar
  19. Grubb PJ (1977) The maintenance of species-richness in plant communities: the importance of the regeneration niche. Biological Reviews 52: 107–145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hope JP, Lampert RJ, Edmondson E, Smith MJ, Van Tets GF (1977) Late Pleistocene faunal remains from Seton rock shelter, Kangaroo Island, South Australia. Journal of Biogeography 4: 463–485.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hurlbert SH (1971) The non-concept of species diversity — a critique and alternative parameter. Ecology 52: 577–585.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kemper CM (1977) Biology of the New Holland mouse. PhD Thesis. Macquarie University.Google Scholar
  23. Krebs CJ (1966) Demographic changes in fluctuating populations of Microtus californicus. Ecological Monographs 36: 239–273.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Loucks OL (1970) Evolution of diversity, efficiency and community stability. American Zoologist 10: 17–23.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Mahoney JA, Posamentier H (1975) The occurrence of the native rodent Pseudomys gracilicaudatus. (Rodentia: Muridae) in New South Wales. Australian Mammalogy 1: 333–346.Google Scholar
  26. M’Closkey RT (1978) Niche separation and assembly in four species of Sonoran Desert rodents. American Naturalist 112: 683–694.Google Scholar
  27. Morton SR (1977) AN ecological study of Sminthopsis crassicaudata (Marsupialia: Dasyuridae) I. Distribution, study areas and methods. Australian Wildlife Research 5: 151–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Mount AB (1964) The interdependence of the eucalypts and forest fires in southern Australia. Australian Forestry 28: 166–172.Google Scholar
  29. Newsome AE, Catling P (1979) Habitat preferences of vertebrates inhabiting heathlands of coastal, montane and alpine regions of south-east Australia. In: pecht RL (ed) Ecosystems of the world, vol 9A. Heathlands and related shrublands. Descriptive studies. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 301–315.Google Scholar
  30. Newsome AE, Mcilroy J, Catling P (1975) The effects of an extensive wildfire on populations of 20 ground vertebrates in south-east Australia. Proceedings of the Ecological Society of Australia 9: 107–123.Google Scholar
  31. Osborne TG, Robertson RN (1939) A reconnaissance survey of the vegetation of the Myall Lakes. Proceedings of the Linnaean Society of New South Wales 64: 279–296.Google Scholar
  32. Posamentier HG (1976) Habitai requirements of small mammals in coastal heathlands of New South Wales. MSC Thesis. University of Sydney.Google Scholar
  33. Posamentier HG, Recher HF (1974) Status of Pseudomys novaehollandiae. Australian Zoologist 18: 66–71.Google Scholar
  34. Recher HF, Lunney D, Posamentier HG (1975) A grand natural experiment. Australian Natural History 18: 154–163.Google Scholar
  35. Recher HF, Lunney D, Posamentier HG (1978) Effects of wildfire on small mammals at Nadgee Nature Reserve. Symposium papers, Third Fire Ecology Symposium. Forests Commission of Victoria, pp 30-36.Google Scholar
  36. Schmidt W, Mason M (1975) Fire and fauna in the northern Jarrah forest of Western Australia. Western Australian Naturalist 12: 162–164.Google Scholar
  37. Siddiqi MY, Carolin RC, Myerscough PJ (1976) Studies in the ecology of coastal heath in New South Wales. III. Regeneration of vegetation after fire. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 101.Google Scholar
  38. Siegel S (1956) Nonparametric statistics for the behavioural sciences. McGraw-Hill, Tokyo, 312 pp.Google Scholar
  39. Simpson EH (1949) Measurement of diversity. Nature 163: 688.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Specht RL (1970) Vegetation. In: Leeper GW (ed) The Australian environment. 4th edn. (revised) CSIRO and Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, pp 44–67.Google Scholar
  41. Specht RL (1981) Responses to fires in heathlands and related shrublands. In: Gill AM, Groves RH, Noble I (eds) Fire and the Australian biota. Australian Academy of Science, Canberra, Australia, pp 395–415.Google Scholar
  42. Specht RL, Rayson P (1957) Dark Island heath (Ninety-Mile Plain, South Australia). I. Definition of the ecosystem. Australian Journal of Botany 5: 52–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Specht RL, Rayson P, Jackman M (1958) Dark Island heath (Ninety-Mile Plain, South Australia). VI. Pyric succession: changes in composition, coverage, dry weight and mineral nutrient status. Australian Journal of Botany 5: 52–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Stoddart DM, Braithwaite RW (1979) A strategy for utilization of regenerating heathland habitat by the brown bandicoot (Isoodon obesulus; Marsupialia, Peramelidae). Journal of Animal Ecology 48: 165–179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Thom BG (1965) Late Quaternary coastal morphology of the Port Stephens-Myall Lakes area, New South Wales. Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales 98: 23–36.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. J. Fox

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations