The Syndrome of Pulmonary Fat Embolism: Clinical, Physiopathological and Therapeutic Considerations
Pulmonary fat embolism must always be considered a possible, and often lethal, complication in patients with bone fractures as well as in those undergoing elective orthopaedic surgery. It is fairly easy to diagnose pulmonary fat embolism when petechiae, ECG signs of right heart strain and positive X-rays are present, but such evidence is very seldom found. This syndrome is, in fact, rather difficult to study clinically, pharmacologically and statistically because the incidence is quite low, even though fat emboli seem to be present post-mortem in 80–100% of patients with multiple bone fractures, and the signs and symptoms are extremely varied.
KeywordsPelvic Fracture Hallux Valgus Nile Blue Elective Orthopaedic Surgery Metal Prosthesis
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