On the Functional Organization of the Generators of Rhythmic Motor Synergy in Breathing

  • C. von Euler
Part of the Proceedings in Life Sciences book series (LIFE SCIENCES)

Abstract

It is obvious to most people (at least when they are reminded of it) that during wakeful-ness, the breathing apparatus and its neural control mechanisms, in addition to its homeostatic functions, are being utilized for many important non-homeostatic behavioural tasks (see e.g., von Euler 1981) which may, on a short term scale, be competing with, or intruding on, the homeostatic regulation of the blood gases and extracellular pH. At rest the organism would seem to be able to ‘afford’ to give some behavioural functions a higher ‘priority’ than the homeostatic functions with respect to the usage of the breathing apparatus (von Euler 1981, 1982, Purves 1979). Thus in the awake state and at relative rest, respiratory regulation is characterized by the complex interactions and integrations of the control mechanisms subserving both the homeostatic and the various behavioural demands on the respiratory apparatus according to the priorities which in each condition are given to the different functions.

Keywords

Nicotine Respiration 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. von Euler
    • 1
  1. 1.Nobel Institute for NeurophysiologyKarolinska InstitutetStockholmSweden

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