Advertisement

Communication As Evidence of Thinking State of the Art Report

  • R. M. Seyfarth
  • Rapporteur C. G. Beer
  • D. C. Dennett
  • J. L. Gould
  • M. Lindauer
  • P. R. Marler
  • C. A. Ristau
  • E. S. Savage-Rumbaugh
  • R. C. Solomon
  • H. S. Terrace
Part of the Life Sciences Research Reports book series (DAHLEM, volume 21)

Abstract

This report examines ways in which studies of animal communication can increase our understanding of animal minds. The report begins by offering working definitions of two particularly difficult concepts, consciousness and intentionality. Second, the report examines whether the use of such definitions helps to understand the mental events that may be occurring during particular communicative acts. Referential communication, deceit, and reciprocal altruism are considered as examples. Third, the report discusses the analysis of shared conventions and internal representations in a variety of animal signals. Finally, the report considers certain findings from the ape language projects which seem to offer new insights into the problem of animal minds. Discussion emphasizes the relation between this work and studies of natural communication.

Keywords

Internal Representation Alarm Call Animal Communication Song Type Vervet Monkey 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. (1).
    Cerella, J. 1979. Visual classes and natural categories in the pigeon. J. Exp. Psych.: Human Percept. Perf. 5: 68–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. (2).
    Crook, J.H. 1980. The Evolution of Human Consciousness. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  3. (3).
    Dennett, D. 1978. Brainstorms: Philosophical Essays on Mind and Psychology. Harvester: Bradford Books.Google Scholar
  4. (4).
    Gould, J.L. 1981. Ethology: The Mechanisms and Evolution of Behavior. New York: W.W. Norton, in press.Google Scholar
  5. (5).
    Green, S., and Marler, P. 1979. The analysis of animal communication. In Handbook of Behavioral Neurobiology: Social Behavior and Communication, eds. P. Marler and J.G. Vandenbergh, vol. 3, pp. 73–158. New York: Plenum Press.Google Scholar
  6. (6).
    Grice, P. 1957. Meaning. Phil. Rev. 65: 377–388.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. (7).
    Herrnstein, R.J.; Loveland, D.; and Cable, C. 1976. Natural concepts in pigeons. J. Exp. Psych.: Anim. Behav. Proc 2 285–311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. (8).
    Hoy, R.R.; Hahn, J.; and Paul, R.C. 1977. Hybrid cricket auditory behavior: evidence for genetic coupling in animal communication. Science 195: 82–84.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. (9).
    Liberman, A.M.; Cooper, F.S.; Shankweiler, D.; and Studdert-Kennedy, M. 1967. Perception of the speech code. Psychol Rev. 74: 431–461.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. (10).
    Marler, P., and Peters, S. 1981. Birdsong and speech: evidence for special processing. In Perspectives on the Study of Speech, ed. P.D. Eimas, pp. 75–112. Hillsdale, NJ Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  11. (11).
    Meltzoff, A., and Moore, M.K. 1977. Imitation of facial and manual gestures by human neonates. Science 198: 75–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. (12).
    Packer, C. 1977. Reciprocal altruism in Papio anubis. Nature 265: 441–443.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. (13).
    Premack, D. 1976. Intelligence in Ape and Man. Hillsdale NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  14. (14).
    Ryden, O. 1978. Differential responsiveness of great tit nestlings, Parus major, to natural auditory stimuli. Z. Tierpsychol. 47: 236–3253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. (15).
    Savage-Rumbaugh, E.S.; Rumbaugh, D.M.; and Boysen, S. 1978 Symbolic communication between two chimpanzees. Science 201 641–644.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. (16).
    Savage-Rumbaugh, E.S.; Rumbaugh, D.M.; Smith, S.T.; and Lawson, J. 1980. Reference - the linguistic essential. Science 210: 922–925.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. (17).
    Seyfarth, R.M.; Cheney, D.L.; and Marler, P. 1980. Monkey responses to three different alarm calls: evidence for predator classification and semantic communication. Science 210: 801–803.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. (18).
    Seyfarth, R.M.; Cheney, D.L.; and Marler, P. 1980. Vervet monkey alarm calls: semantic communication in a free-ranging primate. Anim. Behav. 28: 1070–1094.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. (19).
    Sherman, P.W. 1977. Nepotism and the evolution of alarm calls. Science 147: 1246–1253.Google Scholar
  20. (20).
    Straub, R.O.; Seidenberg, M.S.; Bever, T.G.; and Terrace, H.S. 1979. Serial learning in the pigeon. J. Exp. Anal. Behav. 32: 137–148.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. (21).
    Struhsaker, T.T. 1967. Auditory communication among vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops). In Social Communication among Primates, ed. S.A. Altmann, pp. 281–324. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  22. (22).
    Studdert-Kennedy, M.; Liberman, A.M.; Harris, K.S.; and Cooper, F.S. 1970. The motor theory of speech perception: a reply to Lane’s critical review. Psych. Rev. 77: 234–249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. (23).
    Taverner, P.A. 1936. Injury feigning by birds. Auk 53: 366–370.Google Scholar
  24. (24).
    Terrace, H.S.; Petitto, L.A.; Sanders, R.J.; and Bever, T.G. 1979. Can an ape create a sentence? Science 200: 891–902.Google Scholar
  25. (25).
    Trivers, R.L. 1971. The evolution of reciprocal altruism. Q. Rev. Biol. 46: 35–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. (26).
    Wilson, E.O. 1971. The Insect Societies. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  27. (27).
    Wilson, E.O.; Purlach, N.I.; and Roth, L.M. 1958. Chemical releasers of necrophoric behavior. Psyche 65: 108–114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. (28).
    Woodruff, G., and Premack, D. 1979. Intentional communication in the chimpanzee: the development of deception. Cognition 7: 333–362.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr. S. Bernhard, Dahlem Konferenzen, Berlin 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. M. Seyfarth
  • Rapporteur C. G. Beer
  • D. C. Dennett
  • J. L. Gould
  • M. Lindauer
  • P. R. Marler
  • C. A. Ristau
  • E. S. Savage-Rumbaugh
  • R. C. Solomon
  • H. S. Terrace

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations