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External Fixation of the Upper Extremity with the ASIF Tubular Set and Wagner Apparatus

  • G. Hierholzer
  • P.-M. Hax
Conference paper

Abstract

In the upper extremity, external fixation is indicated only in certain clinically problematic high risk cases. Because of the topographic anatomy and functional considerations we recommend a clasp or half-pin assembly. According to our classification, this is Type I external fixation (Hierholzer, 1978). The Type I assembly can be realized using either the ASIF-set (Association for the Study of Internal Fixation) or the Wagner apparatus (Wagner, 1972). The technical principle of the Type I assembly was described previously (Hierholzer, 1975; 1978; Wagner, 1972).

Keywords

Bone Healing Internal Fixation External Fixation Open Fracture Soft Tissue Damage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    Hierholzer, G.: Stabilisierung des Knochenbruchs beim Weichteilschaden mit Fixateurs externes. Langenbecks Arch. Klin. Chir. 39, 505 (1975).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hierholzer, G., Kleining, R., Hörster, G., Zemenides, P.: External fixation. Arch. Orthop. Traumat. Surg. 92, 175 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wagner, H.: Technik und Indikation der operativen Verkürzung und Verlängerung von Ober- und Unterschenkel. Orthopadie 1, 59 (1972).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Hierholzer
  • P.-M. Hax

There are no affiliations available

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