Experimental Ecology (Ecological Geobotany)

  • Wolfgang Schmidt
Part of the Progress in Botany/Fortschritte der Botanik book series (BOTANY, volume 43)

Abstract

Ecology has traditionally been about plants and animals: microbial ecology has been considered as something best left to microbiologists. At some time in their lives, many “macro-ecologists” may wish to find out about microbial ecology, and the book by LYNCH and POOLE (1979) might well be a good starting point. Aerobiology has usually been regarded as the study of airborne micro-organisms, primarily viruses, bacteria, and fungi, but also including spores of bryophytes and pteridophytes and pollen grains of higher plants. The aim of a synthesis by EDMONDS (1979) was to place aerobiology within a cohesive framework by means of ecological systems analysis. HORN et al. (1979) published nine papers on the analysis of ecological systems covering a very wide range of subjects and strategies. The intention of a book edited by FREYSEN and WOLDENDORP (1978) was to present a generalized picture of current knowledge on the demography, population ecology, and population genetics of plants on the one hand, and on ecophysiology and interactions among and between plants, soil, and other components of the ecosystem on the other.

Keywords

Burning Dust Chlorophyll Lignin Acidity 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. ABER, J.D.: Ecology 60, 18–23 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. ABOUGUENDIA, Z.M., WHITMAN, W.C.: Oecologia 42, 23–29 (1979).Google Scholar
  3. ADAMANDIADOU, S., SIAFACA, L., MARGARIS, N.S.: Flora 167, 574–584 (1978).Google Scholar
  4. ANDEL, J. VAN, ERNST, W., NELISSEN, H.: Verh. Ges. Ökologie 7, 361–368 (1979).Google Scholar
  5. ANDERSEN, F.O.: Oikos 27, 243–250 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. ANDERSEN, J.M., SAND-JENSEN, K.: Oikos 35, 359–364 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. ANDERSEN, J.M., MACFADYEN, A. (eds.): The Role of Terrestrial and Aquatic Organisms in Decomposition Processes. 17th Symposium of the British Ecological Society. 474 pp. Oxford: Blackwell 1977.Google Scholar
  8. AUBUCHON, R.R., THOMPSON, D.R., HINCKLEY, T.M.: Oecologia 35, 295–306 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. AUCLAIR, A.N.D.: Ecology 60, 337–348 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. AUCLAIR, A.N.D., BOUCHARD, A., PAJACZKOWSKI, J.: Oecologia 26, 9–31 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. BAKELAAR, R.G., ODUM, E.P.: Ecology 59, 660–665 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. BANNISTER, P.: J. Ecol. 66, 117–131 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. BARCIKOWSKI, A.: Acta Univ. N. C. Biologia 21, 51–59 (1978).Google Scholar
  14. BARES, R.H., WALI, M.K.: Vegetatio 40, 79–94 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. BELL, D.T., JOHNSON, F.L., GILMORE, A.R.: Oikos 30, 76–82 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. BELL, K.L., HIATT, H.D., NILES, W.E.: J. Ecol. 67, 781–787 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. BENDER, M.M., BERGE, A.J.: Oecologia 44, 117–118 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. BENECKE, U.: Oecologia 44, 192–198 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. BERNARD, J.M., HANKINSON, G.: Oikos 32, 328–336 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. BILBY, R.E., LIKENS, G.E.: Ecology J, 1107–1113 (1980).Google Scholar
  21. BIRK, E.M., SIMPSON, R.W.: Ecology 61, 481–485 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. BLANK, J.L., OLSON, R.K., VITOUSEK, P.M.: Oecologia Ur 96–98 (1980).Google Scholar
  23. BLISS, L.C. (ed.): Truelove Lowland, Devon Island, Canada. 714 pp. Edmonton: Univ. Alberta Press 1977.Google Scholar
  24. BOATMAN, D.J.: J. Ecol. 65, 119–126 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. BOGENRIEDER, A., KLEIN, R.: Flora 169, 510–523 (1980).Google Scholar
  26. BOLIN, B., DEGENS, E.T., KEMPE, S., KETNER, P.: The Global Carbon Cycle. 491 pp. Chichester: Wiley 1979.Google Scholar
  27. BOSTOCK, S.J.: Oikos 34, 359–363 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. BOSTOCK, S.J., BENTON, R.A.: J. Ecol. 67, 91–107 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. BOUTTON, T.W., CAMERON, A.T., SMITH, B.N.: Oecologia 36, 21–32 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. BOUTTON, T.W., HARRISON, A.T., SMITH, B.N.: Oecologia 45, 287–298 (1980a).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. BOUTTON, T.W., SMITH, B.N., HARRISON, A.T.: Oecologia 45, 299–306 (1980b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. BRADSHAW, A.D., CHADWICK, M.J.: The Restoration of Land; the Ecology and Reclamation of Derelict and Degraded Land. 314 pp. Oxford, London, Edinburgh, Boston, Melbourne: Blackwell 1980.Google Scholar
  33. BRASELL, H.M., UNWIN, G.L., STOCKER, G.C.: J. Ecol. 68, 123–139 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. BRINSON, M.M.: Ecology 58, 601–609 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. BRINSON, M.M., BRADSHAW, H.D., HOLMES, R.N., ELKINS, J.B. Jr.: Ecology 61, 827–835 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. BROWN, L.F., TRLICA, M.J.: J. Appl. Ecol. 14, 197–204 (1977a).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. BROWN, L.F., TRLICA, M.J.: J. Appl. Ecol. 14, 205–213 (1977b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. BROWN, L.F., TRLICA, M.J.: J. Appl. Ecol. 14, 215–224 (1977c).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. BRZOSKA, W.: Verh. Ges. Ökologie 7, 421–427 (1979).Google Scholar
  40. BRZOSKA, W., ENGEL, L.: Verh. Ges. Ökologie 8, 463–468 (1980).Google Scholar
  41. BUSBY, J.R., BLISS, L.C., HAMILTON, C.D.: Ecol. Monographs 48, 95–110 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. CALLAGHAN, T.V.: Oikos 27, 402–413 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. CALLAGHAN, T.V.: Oikos 35, 373–386 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. CALLAGHAN, T.V., COLLINS, N.J.: Oikos 27, 383–388 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. CALLAGHAN, T.V., COLLINS, N.J., CALLAGHAN, C.H.: Oikos 31, 73–88 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. CAMPINO, I.: Verh. Ges. Ökologie 8, 221–226 (1980).Google Scholar
  47. CASPERS, N.: Oecologia 26, 379–383 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. CHANTER, D.O.: J. Appl. Ecol. 14, 269–278 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. CHAPIN, F.S. III, BARSDATE, R.J., BAREL, D.: Oikos 31, 189–199 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. CHAPIN, F.S. III, CLEVE, K. VAN, CHAPIN, M.C.: J. Ecol. 67, 169–189 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. CHAPIN, F.S. III, JOHNSON, D.A., McKENDRICK, J.D.: J. Ecol. 68, 189–209 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. CHAPMAN, S.B.: J. Ecol. 67, 1–20 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. CHRISTENSEN, O.: Oikos 28, 177–186 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. CHUNG, H.-H., TRLICA, M.J.: Oecologia 17, 190–195 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. CLARK, D.D., BURK, J.H.: Oecologia 46, 86–91 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. CLARK, F.E.: Ecology 58, 1322–1333 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. CLARK, F.E., COLE, C.V., BOWMAN, R.A.: Nutrient cycling, 659–712. In: Grassland, Systems Analysis and Man, eds. A.J. BREYMEYER, G.M. VAN DYNE. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1978.Google Scholar
  58. COLE, C.V., INNIS, G.S., STEWART, J.W.B.: Ecology 58, 1–15 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. COLLINS, C.D.: Ecology 61, 639–649 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. COLLINS, N.J.: Oikos 27, 389–401 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. COLLINS, N.M.: Oecologia 28, 163–175 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. COVENEY, M.F., CRONBERG, G., ENELL, M., LARSSON, K., OLOFSSON, L.: Oikos 29, 5–21 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. COVINGTON, W.W., ABER, J.D.: Ecology 61, 200–204 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. CRONAN, C.S.: Oikos 34, 272–281 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. CROW, T.R.: Ecology 59, 265–273 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. CROWLEY, P.H.: Oecologia 35, 185–195 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. CUNNINGHAM, G.L., REYNOLDS, J.F.: Ecology 59, 37–52 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. CUNNINGHAM, G.L., SYVERTSEN, J.P., REYNOLDS, J.F., WILLSON, J.M.: Oecologia 40, 113–123 (1979).Google Scholar
  69. CZERWINSKI, Z., TRACZYK, T., PRACZ, J.: Polish Ecol. Stud. 4, 267–281 (1978).Google Scholar
  70. DANIN, A.: Flora 167, 409–422 (1978).Google Scholar
  71. DAWSON, F.H.: Oikos 27, 13–18 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. DE ANGELIS, D.L.: Ecology 61, 764–771 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. DEGHI, G.S., CARTER EWEL, K., MITSCH, W.J.: J. Appl. Ecol. 17, 397–408 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. DE JONG, T.M.: Oecologia 34, 343–351 (1978a).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. DE JONG, T.M.: Oecologia 36, 59–68 (1978b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. DE LA CRUZ, A.A., HACKNEY, C.T.: Ecology 58, 1165–1170 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. DETLING, J.K., PARTON, W.J., HUNT, H.W.: Oecologia 33, 137–147 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. DETLING, J.K., DYER, M.I., WINN, D.T.: Oecologia 41, 127–134 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. DOLINER, L.H., JOLLIFFE, P.A.: Oecologia 38, 23–34 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. DUNBAR, M.J. (ed.) Marine Production Mechanisms. 338 pp. Cambridge, London, New York: Cambridge University Press 1979.Google Scholar
  81. EDER, A., STICHLER, W., ZIEGLER, H.: Flora 168, 227–240 (1979).Google Scholar
  82. EDMONDS, R.L. (ed.): Aerobiology: the Ecological Systems Approach. 386 pp. Stroudsburg/PA: Dowden, Hutchinson and Ross 1979.Google Scholar
  83. EDWARDS, N.T., McLAUGHLIN, S.B.: Oikos 31, 200–206 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. EDWARDS, N.T., ROSS-TODD, B.M.: Oecologia 40, 247–257 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. EDWARDS, P.J.: J. Ecol. 65, 971–992 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. EDWARDS, P.J., GRUBB, P.J.: J. Ecol. 65, 943–969 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. EHLERINGER, J.R.: Oecologia 31, 255–267 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. EHLERINGER, J., MOONEY, H.A., BERRY, J.A.: Ecology 60, 280–286 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. EICKMEIER, W.G.: Oecologia 39, 93–106 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. EICKMEIER, W.G.: Oecologia 46, 380–385 (1980).Google Scholar
  91. ELIAS, C.O., CHADWICK, M.J.: J. Appl. Ecol. 16, 537–544 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. ENCKELL, P.H., KÖNIGSSON, E.S., KÖNIGSSON, L.-K.: Oikos 33, 328–349 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. ERNST, W.: Phytocoenologia 6, 74–84 (1979).Google Scholar
  94. EVENARI, M., LANGE, O.L., SCHULZE, E.-D., KAPPEN, L., BUSCHBOM, U.: Flora 166, 383–414 (1977).Google Scholar
  95. FAHEY, T.J.: Oikos 32, 422–428 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. FAILLE, A., FARDJAH, M.: Oecol. Plant. 12, 323–341 (1977).Google Scholar
  97. FELLER, M.C.: Ecology 58, 1269–1283 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. FENCHEL, T., BLACKBURN, T.H.: Bacteria and Mineral Cycling. 226 pp. London, New York, San Francisco: Academic Press 1979.Google Scholar
  99. FENTON, J.H.C.: J. Ecol. 68, 211–228 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. FERRAR, P.J.: Oecologia 47, 204–212 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. FINN, J.T.: Ecology 61, 562–571 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. FORD, E.D., NEWBOULD, P.J.: J. Ecol. 65, 201–212 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. FORTESCUE, J.A.C.: Environmental Geochemistry: A Holistic Approach. Ecological Series, Vol. 35. 346 pp. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer 1980.Google Scholar
  104. FRANCOIS, J., RENARD, C.: Oecol. Plant 14, 417–433 (1979).Google Scholar
  105. FRANZ, H.: Ökologie der Hochgebirge. 495 pp. Stuttgart: Ulmer 1979.Google Scholar
  106. FRENCH, N. (ed.): Perspectives in Grassland Ecology. Ecological Studies, Vol. 32. 204 pp. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer 1979.Google Scholar
  107. FREYSEN, A.H.J., WOLDENDORP, J.W. (eds.): Structure and Functioning of Plant Populations. 324 pp. Amsterdam: North-Holland 1978.Google Scholar
  108. FRISSEL, M.J. (ed.): Cycling of Mineral Nutrients in Agricultural Ecosystems. Developments in Agricultural and Managed Forest Ecology, Vol. 3. 356 pp. Amsterdam: Elsevier 1978.Google Scholar
  109. FUCHS, M., SCHULZE, E.-D., FUCHS, M.I.: Oecologia 29, 329–340 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. GALES, K.: J. Appl. Ecol. 16, 863–877 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. GALLAGHER, J.L., REIMOLD, R.J., LINTHURST, R.A., PFEIFFER, W.J.: Ecology 61, 303–312 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. GARTEN, C.T., GENTRY, J.B., SHARITZ, R.R.: Ecology 58, 979–992 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. GAUDET, J.J.: Ecology 58, 415–422 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. GAUR, J.P., PANDEY, H.N.: Oikos 30, 570–575 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. GELLER, W.: Verh. Ges. Ökologie 8, 373–382 (1980).Google Scholar
  116. GERWICK, C., WILLIAMS, G.J. III: Oecologia 35, 149–159 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. GÖKCEOGLU, M., REHDER, H.: Oecologia 28, 317–331 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. GOLDBERG, M., TABROFF, N.R., TAMARIN, R.H.: Ecology 61, 1029–1033 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. GOODALL, D.W., PERRY, R.A., HOWES, K.M.W. (eds.): Arid-land Ecosystems. 881 pp. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1979.Google Scholar
  120. GORYSHINA, T.K.: Oecol. Plant. 15, 47–54 (1980a).Google Scholar
  121. GORYSHINA, T.K.: Oecol. Plant. 15, 201–208 (1980b).Google Scholar
  122. GOSLING, L.M., BAKER, S.J.: J. Appl. Ecol. 17, 479–490 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. GOSZ, J.R.: Ecology 61, 507–514 (1980a).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. GOSZ, J.R.: Ecology 61, 515–521 (1980b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. GRABHERR, G., MÄHR, E., REISIGL, H.: Oecol. Plant. 13, 227–251 (1978).Google Scholar
  126. GRABHERR, G., BRZOSKA, W., HOFER, H., REISIGL, H.: Oecol. Plant. 15, 307–316 (1980).Google Scholar
  127. GREEN, K., WRIGHT, R.: Ecology 58, 687–692 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. GRIER, C.C., LOGAN, R.S.: Ecol. Mono-.graphs 47, 373–400 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. GRIGAL, D.F., McCOLL, J.G.: J. Appl. Ecol. 14, 531–538 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. GRIME, J.P.: Plant Strategies and Vegetation Processes. 222 pp. Chichester: Wiley 1979.Google Scholar
  131. GRUNOW, J.O., GROENEVELD, H.T., DU TOIT, S.H.C.: J. Ecol. 68, 877–889 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. GULMON, S.L., BLOOM, A.J.: Oecologia 38, 217–222 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. GUY, R.D., REID, D.M., KROUSE, H.R.: Oecologia 44, 241–247 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. HAAG, R.W., GORHAM, P.R.: J. Appl. Ecol. 14, 835–852 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. HACKNEY, C.T., DE LA CRUZ, A.A.: Ecology 61, 226–231 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. HAHN, W., WOLF, A., SCHMIDT, W.: Verh. Ges. Ökologie 7, 369–380 (1979).Google Scholar
  137. HAINES, B., FOSTER, R.B.: J. Ecol. 65, 147–155 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. HAINES, B.L.: Oecologia 26, 295–303 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. HALL, A.E.: Oecologia 143, 299–316 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. HALL, R.J., LIKENS, G.E., FIANCE, S.B., HENDREY, G.R.: Ecology 61, 976–989 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. HARBONE, J.B.: Introduction to Ecological Biochemistry. 244 pp. London: Academic Press 1977.Google Scholar
  142. HARCOMBE, P.A.: Ecology 58, 1375–1383 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. HARRIMAN, R.: J. Appl. Ecol. 15, 933–942 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. HARWELL, M.A., CROPPER, W.P. Jr., RAGSDALE, H.L.: Ecology 58, 660–666 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. HEAL, O.W., PERKINS, D.F. (eds.): Production Ecology of British Moors and Montane Grasslands. Ecological Studies, Vol. 27. 426 pp. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer 1978.Google Scholar
  146. HEANEY, S.I., TALLING, J.F.: J. Ecol. 68, 75–94 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. HEMOND, H.F.: Ecol. Monographs 50, 507–526 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  148. HENDERSON, G.S., HARRIS, W.F., TODD, D.E. Jr., GRIZZARD, T.: J. Ecol. 65, 365–374 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  149. HERLITZIUS, R., HERLITZIUS, H.: Oecologia 30, 147–171 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  150. HICKEL, B.: Verh. Ges. Ökologie 6, 119–126 (1978).Google Scholar
  151. HODGKINSON, K.C., JOHNSON, P.S., NORTON, B.E.: Oecologia 34, 353–362 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  152. HOFFMANN, A., KUMMEROW, J.: Oecologia 32, 57–69 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  153. HOLDGATE, M.W., WOODMAN, M.J. (eds.): The Breakdown and Restoration of Ecosystems, Series 1, Ecology 3. 496 pp. New York: Plenum 1978.Google Scholar
  154. HOPKINSON, C.S., GOSSELINK, J.G., PARRONDO, R.T.: Ecology 59, 760–769 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  155. HOPKINSON, C.S., GOSSELINK, J.G., PARRONDO, R.T.: Ecology 61, 1091–1098 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  156. HORN, D.J., MITCHELL, R.D., STAIRS, G.R.: Analysis of Ecological Systems. 312 pp. Ohio: Ohio State University Press 1979.Google Scholar
  157. HOWARD, D.M., HOWARD, P.J.A.: Oikos 34, 115–124 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  158. HOWARD, P.J.A., HOWARD, D.M.: Oikos 33, 457–465 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  159. HUNT, H.W.: Ecology 58, 469–484 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  160. HUNT, M.E., FLOYD, G.L., STOUT, B.B.: Ecology 60, 362–375 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  161. HUNT, R.: Plant Growth Analysis. 67 pp. London: Arnold 1978.Google Scholar
  162. HUTCHINGS, M.J.: Oikos 31, 351–357 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  163. INNIS, D.S. (ed.): Grassland Simulation Model. Ecological Studies, Vol. 26. 298 pp. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer 1978.Google Scholar
  164. IRMLER, U., FURCH, K.: Pedobiologia 20, 118–130 (1980).Google Scholar
  165. IVES, J.D., ZIMINA, R.P. (eds.): Mountain geoecoT6gy and land-use implications. Proc. Symp. Intern. Geogr. Union, Comm. on High Altitude Geoecology, Caucasus Mts., USSR, July 1976. Arctic and Alp. Res. 10 (2), 159–548 (1978).Google Scholar
  166. JAKUBCZYK, H.: Polish Ecol. Stud. 4, 179–208 (1978).Google Scholar
  167. JOHNSON, D.A., TIESZEN, L.L.: Oecologia 24, 159–173 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  168. JOHNSON, D.W., EDWARDS, N.T.: Oecologia 40, 259–271 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  169. JONASSON, P.M., ADALSTEINSSON, H.: Oikos 32, 113–138 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  170. JONES, J.G., SIMON, B.M.: J. Ecol. 68, 493–512 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  171. JORDAN, C.F.: Oikos 31, 257–263 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  172. JORDAN, C.F., ESCALANTE, G.: Ecology 61, 14–18 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  173. JORDAN, C.F., TODD, R.L., ESCALANTE, G.: Oecologia 39, 123–128 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  174. KALINOWSKA, A., MOCHNACKA, H.: Polish Ecol. Stud. 2, 163–169 (1976).Google Scholar
  175. KAPPEN, L., LANGE, O.L., SCHULZE, E.-D., EVENARI, M., BUSCHROM, U.: Flora 168, 85–108 (1979).Google Scholar
  176. KAPPEN, L., LANGE, O.L., SCHULZE, E.-D., BUSCHBOM, U., EVENARI, M.: Flora 169, 216–220 (1980).Google Scholar
  177. KATZNELSON, J.: Oecologia 26, 325–334 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  178. KELLOMAKI, S., HARI, P., VUOKKO, R., VAISANEN, E., KANNINEN, M.: Oikos 29, 143–149 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  179. KELLOMAKI, S., SALMINEN, R., HARI, P., VENTILA, M., KANNINEN, M., KAUPPI, P., SMOLANDER, H.: J. Appl. Ecol. 16, 243–252 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  180. KEMP, P.R., WILLIAMS, G.J. III: Ecology 61, 7846–858 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  181. KERNER, H., GROSS, E., KOCH, W.: Flora 166, 449–459 (1977).Google Scholar
  182. KHEIRALLAH, A.M.: Oikos 33, 466–471 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  183. KILLINGBECK, K.T., WALI, M.K.: Oikos 30, 29–60 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  184. KINERSON, R.S.: Oecologia 39, 37–49 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  185. KINERSON, R.S., RALSTON, C.W., WELLS, C.G.: Oecologia 29, 1–10 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  186. KIRBY, K.J.: J. Ecol. 68, 513–520 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  187. KISTRITZ, R.U.: Oikos 22, 561–569 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  188. KLEIN, D.A.: Ecology 58, 184–190 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  189. KLUGE, M.: Oecologia 29, 77–83 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  190. KLUGE, M.: Ber. Dtsch. Bot. Ges. 92, 95–107 (1979).Google Scholar
  191. KLUGE, M., TING, I.P.: Crassulacean Acid Metabolism. Analysis of an Ecological Adaptation. 220 pp. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer 1978.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  192. KOCH, K.E., KENNEDY, R.A.: Oecologia 45, 390–395 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  193. KOCH, W., ELLER, B.M.: Flora 166, 279–288 (1977).Google Scholar
  194. KOTOWSKI, W.: Ekol. Polska. 27, 427–436 (1979).Google Scholar
  195. KOWALCZYK, J., LEKAWSKA, I.: Polish Ecol. Stud. 3, 55–65 (1977).Google Scholar
  196. KOZLOWSKI, T.T.: Tree Growth and Environmental Stresses. 192 pp. Seattle: University of Washington Press 1979.Google Scholar
  197. KRISCH, H.: Arch. Naturschutz Landschaftsforsch. 18, 121–140 (1978).Google Scholar
  198. KROH, G.C., STEPHENSON, S.N.: Oecologia 45, 366–371 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  199. KONSTLE, E., MITSCHERLICH, G.: Angew. Bot. 52, 233–252 (1978).Google Scholar
  200. KUNKELWESTPHAL, I., KUNKEL, P.: J. Ecol. 67, 665–686 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  201. KUMMEROW, J., RUSSELL, M.: Oecologia 47, 196–199 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  202. KUMMEROW, J., KRAUSE, D., JOW, W.: Oecologia 29, 163–177 (1977).Google Scholar
  203. KUMMEROW, J., KRAUSE, D., JOW, W.: Oecologia 37, 201–212 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  204. LANG, G.E., FORMAN, R.T.T.: Ecology 59, 580–595 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  205. LANG, G.E., REINERS, W.A., PIKE, L.H.: Ecology 61, 541–550 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  206. LANGE, O.L.: Oecologia 45, 82–87 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  207. LANGE, O.L., ZUBER, M.: Oecologia 31, 67–72 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  208. LANGE, O.L., SCHULZE, E.-D., EVENARI, M., KAPPEN, L., BUSCHBOM, U.: Oecologia 34, 89–100 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  209. LASTEIN, E.: Oikos 27, 44–49 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  210. LAUENROTH, W.K., WHITMAN, W.C.: Oecologia 27, 339–351 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  211. LAUENROTH, W.K., DODD, J.L., SIMS, P.L.: Oecologia 36, 211–222 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  212. LECHOWICZ, M.J.: Oecologia 32, 225–237 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  213. LECHOWICZ, M.J., ADAMS, M.S.: Photosynthetica 13, 155–162 (1979).Google Scholar
  214. LEE, T.D., BAZZAZ, F.A.: J. Ecol. 68, 813–821 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  215. LEHN, H.: Verh. Ges. Ökologie 8, 363–372 (1980).Google Scholar
  216. LEONARDI, S., LINSER-BOURDELLON, A.: Flora 167, 35–39 (1978).Google Scholar
  217. LEVERENZ, J.W., JARVIS, P.G.: J. Appl. Ecol. 16, 919–932 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  218. LEVERENZ, J.W., JARVIS, P.G.: J. Appl. Ecol. 17, 59–68 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  219. LEWIS, W.M. Jr., GRANT, M.C.: Ecology 60, 1093–1097 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  220. LIKENS, G.E., BORMANN, F.H., PIERCE, R.S., EATON, J.S., JOHNSON, N.M.: Biogeochemistry of a Forested Ecosystem. 146 pp. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer 1977.Google Scholar
  221. LINTHURST, R.A., REIMOLD, R.J.: Ecology 59, 945–955 (1978a).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  222. LINTHURST, R.A., REIMOLD, R.J.: J. Appl. Ecol. 15, 919–931 (1978b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  223. LITTLER, M.M., MURRAY, S.N.: J. Appl. Ecol. 15, 583–595 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  224. LONG, S.P., INCOLL, L.D.: J. Appl. Ecol. 16, 879–891 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  225. LÜTTGE, U., BALL, E.: Oecologia 31, 85–94 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  226. LYNCH, J.M., POOLE, M.J. (eds.): Microbial Ecology: a Conceptual Approach. 226 pp. Oxford: Blackwell 1979.Google Scholar
  227. MAITRE, J.P.: Oecol. Plant. 15, 179–184 (1980).Google Scholar
  228. MANI, M.S.: Ecology and Phytogeography of High-altitude Plants of the Northwest Himalaya. 205 pp. London: Chapman & Hall 1979.Google Scholar
  229. MARGARIS, N.S.: Oecol. Plant. 12, 343–350 (1977).Google Scholar
  230. MARTIN, C.W.: Ecology 60, 36–42 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  231. MATSUMOTO, T., ABE, T.: Oecologia 38, 261–274 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  232. McBRAYER, J.F., CROMACK, K. Jr.: Pedobiologia 20, 47–54 (1980).Google Scholar
  233. McLAUGHLIN, S.B., McCONATHY, R.K., DINGER, B.E.: J. Appl. Ecol. 15, 327–334 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  234. MEDINA, E., MINCHIN, P.: Oecologia 45, 377–378 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  235. MEDINA, E., DELGADO, M., TROUGHTON, J.H., MEDINA, J.D.: Flora 166, 137–152 (1977).Google Scholar
  236. MEDINA, E., KLINGE, H., JORDAN, C., HERRERA, R.: Flora 170, 240–250 (1980).Google Scholar
  237. MEENTEMEYER, V.: Ecology 59, 465–472 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  238. MELACK, J.M.: Oecologia 44, 1–7 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  239. MENAUT, J.C., CESAR, J.: Ecology 60, 1197–1210 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  240. METHY, M.: Oecol. Plant. 12, 395–401 (1977).Google Scholar
  241. MEYER, J.L.: Oikos 34, 44–53 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  242. MEYER, J.L., LIKENS, G.E.: Ecology 60, 1255–1269 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  243. MICKIEWICZ, J.: Polish Ecol. Stud. 2, 57–62 (1976).Google Scholar
  244. MILLER, G.R.: J. Ecol. 67, 109–129 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  245. MILNE, R., SMITH, S.K., FORD, E.D.: J. Appl. Ecol. 14, 523–529 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  246. MITSCH, W.J., DORGE, C.L., WIEMHOFF, J.R.: Ecology 60, 1116–1124 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  247. MOCHNACKA-LAWACZ, H.: Polish Ecol. Stud. 4, 151–155 (1978).Google Scholar
  248. MOGENSEN, V.O.: J. Appl. Ecol. 14, 243–252 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  249. MONSON, R.K., SZAREK, S.R.: Oecologia 41, 317–327 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  250. MOONEY, H.A., FERRAR, P.J., SLATYER, R.O.: Oecologia 36, 103–111 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  251. MOORE, P.D., BHADRESA, R.: J. Appl. Ecol. 15, 837–845 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  252. MORTON, A.J.: J. Ecol. 65, 993–999 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  253. MOSER, T.J., NASH, T.H. III: Oecologia 34, 37–43 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  254. MOSZYNSKA, B., TATUR, A.: Polish Ecol. Stud. 4, 143–150 (1978).Google Scholar
  255. MUHLE, O., BONNEMANN, I., RIECKMANN, P.: Verh. Ges. Ökologie 7, 287–294 (1979).Google Scholar
  256. NEWBERY, D. McC.: J. Appl. Ecol. 16, 613–622 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  257. NIENHUIS, P.H., DE BREE, B.H.H.: Hydrobiologia 52, 55–66 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  258. NILSSON, I.: Oikos 30, 133–148 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  259. NILSSON, S.G., NILSSON, I.N.: Ecology 59, 473–480 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  260. NOBEL, P.S.: Oecologia 27, 117–133 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  261. NOBEL, P.S.: Oecologia 31, 293–309 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  262. NOBEL, P.S.: Ecology 61, 252–258 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  263. NRIAGU, J.O. (ed.): Environmental Biogeochemistry, Volume 2: Metals Transfer and Ecological Mass Balances. Second International Symposium on Environmental Biogeochemistry. 370 pp. Michigan: Ann Arbor Science Publishers 1976.Google Scholar
  264. NUMATA, M. (ed.): Ecology of Grasslands and Bamboolands in the World. 299 pp. Jena: Fischer 1979.Google Scholar
  265. OECHEL, W.C., LAWRENCE, W.T.: Oecologia 39, 321–335 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  266. OECHEL, W.C., MUSTAFA, J.: Oecologia 41, 305–315 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  267. OHIAGU, C.E., WOOD, T.G.: Oecologia 40, 155–165 (1979).Google Scholar
  268. OSMOND, C.B., NOTT, D.L., FIRTH, P.M.: Oecologia 40, 331–350 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  269. PAKARINEN, P.: Ann. Bot. Fennici 15, 15–26 (1978).Google Scholar
  270. PARSONS, K.A., DE LA CRUZ, A.A.: Ecology 61, 1045–1050 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  271. PARTON, W.J., RISSER, P.G.: Oecologia 46, 223–234 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  272. PARTON, W.J., SINGH, J.S., COLEMAN, D.C.: J. Appl. Ecol. 15, 515–542 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  273. PELKONEN, P.: Flora 169, 386–397 (1980).Google Scholar
  274. PELKONEN, P., HARI, P.: Flora 169, 398–404 (1980).Google Scholar
  275. PEROZZI, R.E., BAZZAZ, F.A.: Oikos 31, 89–93 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  276. PERSSON, H.: Oikos 30, 508–519 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  277. PERSSON, H.: Vegetatio 41, 101–109 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  278. PERSSON, H.: Oikos 34, 77–87 (1980a).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  279. PERSSON, H.: Acta Phytogeogr. Suec. 68, 101–110 (1980b).Google Scholar
  280. PERSSON, T. (ed.): Structure and Function of Northern Coniferous Forests. An Ecosystem Study. 611 pp. Stockholm: The Editorial Service 1980.Google Scholar
  281. PETERS, R.H.: J. Fish. Res. Board Can. 34, 918–924 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  282. PETERS, R.H., MacINTYRE, S.: Oecologia 25, 313–319 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  283. PETERSON, B.J., HOWARTH, R.W., LIPSCHULTZ, F., ASHENDORF, D.: Oikos 34, 173–177 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  284. PHILLIPS, G.L.: J. Ecol. 65, 447–474 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  285. PITELKA, L.F.: Ecology 58, 1055–1065 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  286. PLEWCZYNSKA-KURAS, U.: Polish Ecol. Stud. 2, 63–74 (1976).Google Scholar
  287. PRIDDLE, J.: J. Ecol. 68, 141–153 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  288. RADFORTH, N.W., BRAWNER, C.O. (eds.): Muskeg and the Northern Environment in Canada. 399 pp. Toronto: Toronto University Press 1977.Google Scholar
  289. RAGHI-ATRI, F., BORNKAMM, R.: Verh. Ges. Ökologie 6, 357–360 (1978).Google Scholar
  290. RAPP, M., CABANETTES, A.: Oecol. Plant. 15, 151–164 (1980).Google Scholar
  291. RAU, G.H.: Oikos 27, 153–160 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  292. REDMANN, R.E., ABOUGUENDIA, Z.M.: Oecologia 36, 69–79 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  293. REED, C.: Ecology 59, 481–488 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  294. REED, F.C.P. III: Oecologia 30, 43–53 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  295. REHDER, H., SCHÄFER, A.: Oecologia 34, 309–327 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  296. RICHEY, J.E., WISSMAR, R.C.: Ecology 60, 318–328 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  297. RIELEY, J.O., RICHARDS, P.W., BEBBINGTON, A.D.L.: J. Appl. Ecol. 67, 497–527 (1979).Google Scholar
  298. ROOK, D.A., CORSON, M.J.: Oecologia 36, 371–382 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  299. RORISON, I.H., HUNT, R. (eds.): Amenity Grassland. 274 pp. Chichester, New York, Brisbane, Toronto: Wiley 1980.Google Scholar
  300. ROUTLEDGE, R.D.: Ecology 61, 276–281 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  301. RUNDEL, P.W.: Oecologia 45, 354–359 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  302. RUNDEL, P.W., LANGE, O.L.: Flora 169, 329–335 (1980).Google Scholar
  303. RUNDEL, P.W., BRATT, G.C., LANGE, O.L.: Bryologist 82, 171–180 (1979a).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  304. RUNDEL, P.W., RUNDEL, J.A., ZIEGLER, H., STICHLER, W.: Oecologia 38, 45–50 (1979b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  305. RUNDEL, P.W., STICHLER, W., ZANDER, R.H., ZIEGLER, H.: Oecologia 44, 91–94 (1979c).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  306. RUTKOWSKA, B., STANKOBRODKOWA, B., LEWICKA, E., DEBSKA, Z.: Polish Ecol. Stud. 2, 91–101 (1976).Google Scholar
  307. SAMSUDDIN, Z., IMPENS, I.: Oecologia 37, 361–363 (1979).Google Scholar
  308. SCHLESINGER, W.H.: Ecol. Monographs 48, 43–65 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  309. SCHMIDT, L.: Oecol. Plant. 12, 195–213 (1977).Google Scholar
  310. SCHREIBER, K.-F.: Veh. Ges. Ökologie 8, 185–203 (1980).Google Scholar
  311. SCHUBER, M., KLUGE, M.: Flora 168, 205–216 (1979).Google Scholar
  312. SCHULZE, E.-D., SCHULZE, I.: Madoqua 9, 5–13 (1976).Google Scholar
  313. SCHULZE, E.-D., ZIEGLER, H., STICHLER, W.: Oecologia 24, 323–334 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  314. SCHULZE, E.-D., FUCHS, M.I., FUCHS, M.: Oecologia 29, 43–61 (1977a).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  315. SCHULZE, E.-D., FUCHS, M., FUCHS, M.I.: Oecologia 30, 239–248 (1977b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  316. SCHULZE, E.-D., HALL, A.E., LANGE, O.L., EVENARI, M., KAPPEN, L., BUSCHBOM, U.: Oecologia 45, 11–18 (1980a).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  317. SCHULZE, E.-D., LANGE, O.L., EVENARI, M., KAPPEN, L., BUSCHBOM, U.: Oecologia 45, 19–25 (1980b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  318. SCHWARTZKOPF, S.H.: Ecology 59, 1062–1068 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  319. SILVOLA, J., HANSKI, I.: Oecologia 37, 285–295 (1979).Google Scholar
  320. SILVOLA, J., HEIKKINEN, S.: Oecologia 37, 273–283 (1979).Google Scholar
  321. SIMS, P.L., SINGH, J.S.: J. Ecol. 66, 547–572 (1978a).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  322. SIMS, P.L., SINGH, J.S.: J. Ecol. 66, 573–597 (1978b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  323. SIMS, P.L., SINGH, J.S., LAUENROTH, W.K.: J. Ecol. 66, 251–285 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  324. SINCLAIR, A.R.E., NORTON-GRIFFITHS, M. (eds.): Serengeti: Dynamics of an Ecosystem. 389 pp. Chicago: Chicago University Press 1980.Google Scholar
  325. SMETACEK, V.: Verh. Ges. Ökologie 6, 23–28 (1978).Google Scholar
  326. SMITH, R.I.L.: J. Appl. Ecol. 66, 891–909 (1978).Google Scholar
  327. SOLLINS, P., GRIER, C.C., McCORISON, F.M., CROMACK, K. Jr., FOGEL, R., FREDRIKSEN, R.L.: Ecol. Monographs 50, 261–285 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  328. SONESSON, M. (ed.): Ecology of a Subarctic Mire. 315 pp. Stockholm: The Editorial Service/NFR 1980.Google Scholar
  329. SPEIDEL, B.: Polish Ecol. Stud. 2, 77–89 (1976).Google Scholar
  330. SPRENT, J.I., SCOTT, R., PERRY, K.M.: J. Ecol. 66, 657–668 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  331. SQUIRE, G.R.: J. Appl. Ecol. 14, 303–316 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  332. STAAF, H.: Oikos 35, 55–62 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  333. STARK, N.M., JORDAN, C.F.: Ecology 59, 434–437 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  334. STEFFAN, H., ULLEMEYER, H.: Angew. Bot. 51, 287–292 (1977).Google Scholar
  335. STROJAN, C.L., TURNER, F.B., CASTETTER, R.: Ecology 60, 891–900 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  336. STRZELCZYK, E., STOPINSKI, M., DZIADOWIEC, H.: Acta Univ. N. C. Biologia 21, 115–128 (1978).Google Scholar
  337. STURGES, D.L., TRLICA, M.J.: Ecology 59, 1282–1285 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  338. SWITZER, G.L., SHELTON, M.G., NELSON, L.E.: Ecology 60, 1162–1171 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  339. SZAREK, S.R., WOODHOUSE, R.M.: Oecologia 28, 365–375 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  340. SZAREK, S.R., WOODHOUSE, R.M.: Oecologia 35, 285–294 (1978a).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  341. SZAREK, S.R., WOODHOUSE, R.M.: Oecologia 37, 221–229 (1978b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  342. SZCZEPANSKI, A.: Polish Ecol. Stud. 4, 45–94 (1978).Google Scholar
  343. TANNER, E.V.J.: J. Ecol. 68, 573–588 (1980a).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  344. TANNER, E.V.J.:J. Ecol. 68, 833–848 (1980b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  345. TAYLOR, K.: J. Ecol. 68, 51–62 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  346. TENHUNEN, J.D., WESTRIN, S.S.: Oecologia 41, 145–162 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  347. TENHUNEN, J.D., YOCUM, C.S., GATES, D.M.: Oecologia 26, 89–100 (1976a).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  348. TENHUNEN, J.D., WEBER, J.A., YOCUM, C.S., GATES, D.M.: Oecologia 26, 101–119 (1976b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  349. TENHUNEN, J.D., WEBER, J.A., FILIPEK, L.H., GATES, D.M.: Oecologia 30, 189–207 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  350. TENHUNEN, J.D., LANGE, O.L., HARLEY, P.C., MEYER, A., GATES, D.M.: Oecologia 46, 314–321 (1980a).Google Scholar
  351. TENHUNEN, J.D., MEYER, A., LANGE, O.L., GATES, D.M.: Oecologia 45, 147–155 (1980b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  352. THAYER, G.W., PARKER, P.L., LA CROIX, M.W., FRY, B.: Oecologia 35, 1–12 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  353. THORP, J.H., GIBBONS, J.W., WHITFIELD, J.: Energy and Environmental Stress in Aquatic Systems. 876 pp. Washington, U.S.A.: Technical Information Center 1978.Google Scholar
  354. TIESZEN, L.L., SENYIMBA, M.M., IMBAMBA, S.K., TROUGHTON, J.H.: Oecologia 37, 337–350 (1979a).Google Scholar
  355. TIESZEN, L.L., HEIN, D., QVORTRUP, S.A., TROUGHTON, J.H., IMBAMBA, S.K.: Oecologia 37, 351–359 (1979b).Google Scholar
  356. TRACZYK, T., TRACZYK, H., PASTERNAK, D.: Polish Ecol. Stud. 2, 39–47 (1976).Google Scholar
  357. TRIPATHI, R.S., GUPTA, G.P.: Oikos 34, 219–226 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  358. TSUCHIDA, K., NUMATA, M.: Vegetatio 39, 15–23 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  359. ULANOWICZ, R.E.: Oecologia 43, 295–298 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  360. ULANOWICZ, R.E.: J. Theor. Biol. 85, 223–245 (1980).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  361. VEBLEN, T.T., SCHLEGEL, F.M., ESCOBAR, B.R.: J. Ecol. 68, 397–404 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  362. VILLECOURT, P., ROOSE, E.: Rev. Ecol. Biol. Sol. 15, 1–20 (1978).Google Scholar
  363. VILLECOURT, P., SCHMIDT, W., CESAR, J.: Rev. Ecol. Biol. Sol. 16, 9–15 (1979).Google Scholar
  364. VITOUSEK, P.M.: Ecol. Monographs 47, 65–87 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  365. VOGEL, J.C.: Oecol. Plant 13, 89–94 (1978).Google Scholar
  366. VOGT, K.A., EDMONDS, R.L., ANTOS, G.C., VOGT, D.J.: Oikos 35, 72–79 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  367. VOSSBRINCK, C.R., COLEMAN, D.C., WOOLLEY, T.A.: Ecology 60, 265–271 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  368. VUOKKO, R., KELLOMAKI, S., HARI, P.: Oikos 29, 137–142 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  369. VYAS, L.N., SHRIMAL, R.L., JINDAL, K.: Flora 167, 457–465 (1978).Google Scholar
  370. WALLACE, C.S., RUNDEL, P.W.: Oecologia 44, 34–39 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  371. WALLACE, L.L., DUNN, E.L.: Oecologia 45, 331–340 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  372. WALLEN, B.: Oikos 34, 227–238 (1980a).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  373. WALLEN, B.: Oikos 35, 20–30 (1980b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  374. WALTON, D.W.H., SMITH, R.I.L.: Br. Antarct. Surv. Bull. 49, 117–135 (1979).Google Scholar
  375. WAREMBOURG, F.R., PAUL, E.A., RANDELL, R.L., MORE, R.B.: Oecol. Plant. 14, 1–12 (1979).Google Scholar
  376. WATTS, W.R., NEILSON, R.E.: J. Appl. Ecol. 15, 245–255 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  377. WEARY, G.C., MERRIAM, H.G.: Ecology 59, 180–184 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  378. WEAVER, S.E., CAVERS, P.B.: J. Appl. Ecol. 17, 505–513 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  379. WEBB, W., SZAREK, S., LAUENROTH, W., KINERSON, R., SMITH, M.: Ecology 59, 1239–1247 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  380. WEST, N.E., SKUJINS, J.: Oecol. Plant. 12, 45–53 (1977).Google Scholar
  381. WERGER, M.J.A. (ed.): Biogeography and Ecology of Southern Africa. 1439 pp. The Hague: Junk 1978.Google Scholar
  382. WHITE, D.A., WEISS, T.E., TRAPANI, J.M., THIEN, L.B.: Ecology 59, 751–759 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  383. WHITTAKER, R.H., LIKENS, G.E., BORMANN, F.H., EATON, J.S., SICCAMA, T.G.: Ecology 60, 203–220 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  384. WIEDER, R.K., CARREL, J.E.: Oecologia 44, 31–33 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  385. WILLEMS, J.H.: Proceedings C 83, 279–306 (1980).Google Scholar
  386. WILLERT, D.J. VON, THOMAS, D.A., LOBIN, W., CURDTS, E.: Oecologia 29, 67–76 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  387. WINTER, K.: Oecologia 40, 103–112 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  388. WINTER, K., TROUGHTON, J.H.: Flora 167, 1–34 (1978).Google Scholar
  389. WINTER, K., TROUGHTON, J.H., CARD, K.A.: Oecologia 25, 115–123 (1976a).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  390. WINTER, K., TROUGHTON, J.H., EVENARI, M., LÄUCHLI, A., LÜTTGE, U.: Oecologia 25, 125–143 (1976b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  391. WINTER, K., LÜTTGE, U., WINTER, E., TROUGHTON, J.H.: Oecologia 34, 225–237 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  392. WOLF, G.: Schriftenr. Vegetationskd. 13, 5–118 (1979).Google Scholar
  393. WOODMANSEE, R.G., DUNCAN, D.A.: Ecology 61, 893–904 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  394. WOODMANSEE, R.G., DODD, J.L., BOWMAN, R.A., CLARK, F.E., DICKINSON, C.E.: Oecologia 34, 363–376 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  395. WOODWELL, G.M., HALL, C.A.S., WHITNEY, D.E., HOUGHTON, R.A.: Ecology 60, 695–702 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  396. ZEDLER, J.B., WINFIELD, T., WILLIAMS, P.: Oecologia 44, 236–240 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wolfgang Schmidt
    • 1
  1. 1.Lehrstuhl für GeobotanikGöttingenGermany

Personalised recommendations