Retinoids pp 5-11 | Cite as

From Vitamin A to Retinoids: Chemical and Pharmacological Aspects

  • W. Bollag


Vitamin A is necessary for the development and maintenance of human life. It cannot be synthesized by the body and must therefore be taken in with the food. Either vitamin A alcohol (retinol) and its esters or β-carotene, a provitamin which is split in the intestine to vitamin A, serve as sources. The most important metabolic products are vitamin A esters, which are stored in the liver, vitamin A aldehyde (retinal), which is necessary in its 11-cis isomer form for visual function and vitamin A acid (retinoic acid).


Toxicity Amide Aldehyde Psoriasis Anthracene 


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© Springer-Verlag 1981

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  • W. Bollag

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