Sub-Recent Manganese-Bearing Stromatolites Along Shorelines of the Dead Sea

  • Y. Druckman

Abstract

Due to the recent shrinking of the Dead Sea, indurated manganese-rich stromatolites are exposed along the shorelines, thus providing an opportunity for a close look at a sub-Recent, indurated, stromatolitic crust formed in an extremely hypersaline environment and highly enriched with manganese.

Keywords

Manganese Calcite Dolomite Gypsum Pleistocene 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ashbel D (1948) Bioclimatic Atlas of Israel and the Near East. Cohen Press, Jerusalem, 145 ppGoogle Scholar
  2. Begin ZB, Erlich A, Nathan Y (1974) Lake Lisan, the Pleistocene precursor of the Dead Sea. Geol Surv Isr Bill 63: 30 ppGoogle Scholar
  3. Beyth M (1977) Present stage of Dead Sea brines (summer, 1977). Geol Surv Isr Rep MG/11/77, 11 ppGoogle Scholar
  4. Bloch R, Littman HZ, Elazari-Volcani B (1944) Occasional whiteness of the Dead Sea. Nature (London) 154: 402CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Druckman Y (1978) Aragonite and manganese encrustations along the Dead Sea shorelines. Isr Geol Soc Annu Meet, Zikhron Yaagov, Abstr, p 10Google Scholar
  6. Ehrlich HL (1972) The role of microbe in manganese nodule genesis and degradation. In: Horn DR (ed) Ferromanganese deposits on the ocean floor. The office for the International Decade of Ocean Exploration. Natl Sci Found, Washington DC, pp 63–70Google Scholar
  7. Ehrlich HL (1974) Response of some activities of ferromanganese nodule bacteria to hydrostatic pressure. In: Colwell RR, Marita RY (eds) Effect of the ocean environment on microbial activities. University Park Press, Baltimore, pp 208–221Google Scholar
  8. Epstein JA, Zelvianski B, Ron G (1975) Manganese in sodium chloride precipitating from mixing Dead Sea brines. Isr J Earth-Sci 24: 112–113Google Scholar
  9. Garber RA, Nishri A, Nissenbaum A (1978) Recent deposits of manganese from the Dead Sea. 10th Int Congr Sedimentol, Jerusalem Abstr 1: 235Google Scholar
  10. Greenslate J (1974) Micro-organisms participate in the construction of manganese nodules. Nature (London) 249: 181–183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Klein C (1961) On the fluctuations of the level of the Dead Sea since the beginning of the 19th century. Ministry of Agriculture, Water Commission, Hydrological Service. Hydrol Pap 7: 83Google Scholar
  12. Krumbein WE (1974) On the precipitation of aragonite on the surface of marine bacteria. Naturwissenschaften 61: 167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Krumbein WE (1979) Photolithotrophic and chemorganotrophic activity of bacteria and algae, as related to Beachrock formation and degradation (Gulf of Aqaba, Sinai). Geomicrobiol J 1: 139–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lerman A, Shatkay A (1968) Dead Sea brines: degree of halite saturation by electrode measurements. Earth Planet Sci Letts 5: 63–66CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Logan BW, Rezak R, Ginsburg RW (1964) Classification and environmental significance of algal stromatolites. J Geol 72: 68–81CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Monty CLV (1973) Les nodules de manganese sont des stromatolithes océaniques. CR Acad Sci SerD 276:3285–3288Google Scholar
  17. Monty CLV (1976) The origin and development of cryptalgal fabrics. In: Walter MR (ed) Stromatolites, development in sedimentology. Elsevier, Amsterdam Oxford New York, pp 193–249Google Scholar
  18. Neev D (1963) Recent precipitation of calcium salts in the Dead Sea. Bull Res Council Isr Sect G 11: 153–154Google Scholar
  19. Neev D, Emery KO (1967) The Dead Sea. Depositional processes and environment of evaporites. Geol Surv Isr Bull 41: 147 ppGoogle Scholar
  20. Nissenbaum A (1975) The microbiology and biochemistry of the Dead Sea. Microb Ecol 2: 139— 161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Nissenbaum A (1977) Minor and trace elements in Dead Sea water. Chem Geol 19: 99–111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Sapozhnikov DG (1970) Geological conditions for the formation of manganese deposits. In: Sapozhnikov DG (ed) Manganese deposits of the Soviet Union. Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem, pp 9–33Google Scholar
  23. von der Borch CC, Bolton B, Warren JK (1977) Environmental setting and microstructure of subfossil lithified stromatolites associated with evaporites, Marion Lake, South Australia. Sedimentology 24: 693–708CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. Druckman
    • 1
  1. 1.Oil Research DivisionGeological Survey of IsraelJerusalemIsrael

Personalised recommendations