The 2-D Crystalline Cell Wall of Sulfolobus acidocaldarius: Structure, Solubilization, and Reassembly

  • H. Michel
  • D.-Ch. Neugebauer
  • D. Oesterhelt
Part of the Proceedings in Life Sciences book series (LIFE SCIENCES)

Abstract

A new type of bacteria was discovered by Brock et al. (1972) during their investigation of microorganisms living at high temperatures. They assigned the new bacteria to a hitherto unknown genus which they called Sulfolobus. The species Sulfolobus acidocaldarius is well characterized by its name. It is a facultatively sulfur-oxidizing microorganism, with cells which were found to be lobed in certain growth stages, and which require a hot and acid environment. Depending on the strain the bacteria grow best at a pH between 0.9 and 3.5 and at temperatures between 70° and 90°C (Brock, 1978).

Keywords

Cell Wall Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate Cell Wall Protein Guanidinium Chloride Purify Cell Wall 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Brock TD (1978) Thermophilic microorganisms and life at high temperatures, Ch 6. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Brock TD, Brock KM, Belly RT, Weiss RL (1972) Sulfolobus: a new genus of sulfur-oxidizing bacteria living at low pH and high temperature. Arch Microbiol 84: 54–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Rosa de M, Gambacorta A, Mollig G, Bu’Lock JD (1974) Convergent characters of extremely thermophilic acidophilic bacteria. Experimenta 30: 866CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hsung IC, Haug A (1975) Membrane potential of Thermoplasma acidophila. FEBS Lett 73 (1): 47–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kates M, Wasserf K, Kushner DJ (1968) Radioisotopic studies of the biosynthesis of the glycerol diether lipids of Halobacterium halobium. Can J Biochem 46: 971PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Langworthy TA (1977) Long chain diglycerol tetraethers from Thermoplasma acidophilum. Biochem Biophys Acta 487: 37–50PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Rottenberg H (1975) The measurement of transmembrane electrochemical proton gradients. J Bioenerg Biomembr 7: 61–74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Searcy DG (1978) Thermoplasma acidophilum: Intracellular pH and potassium concentration. Biochim Biophys Acta 451: 278–286Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sleytr UB (1978) Regulär arrays of macromolecules on bacteria! cell walls: Structure, chemistry, assembly, and function. Int Rev Cytol 53: 1–64PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Weiss R (1974) Subunit cell wall of Sulfolobus acidocaldarius. J Bacteriol 118: 275–284PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Woese CR, Magrum LJ, Fox GE (1978) Archaebacteria. J Mol Evol 11: 245–252CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Michel
    • 1
  • D.-Ch. Neugebauer
    • 2
  • D. Oesterhelt
    • 1
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für BiochemieMartinsried bei MünchenGermany
  2. 2.Max-Planck-Institut für biophysikalische Chemie (Karl-Friedrich-Bonhoeffer-Institut)Göttingen-NikolausbergGermany

Personalised recommendations