Conceptual Impairment in Aphasia

  • Rudolf Cohen
  • Stephanie Kelter
  • Gérhild Woll
Part of the Springer Series in Language and Communication book series (SSLAN, volume 6)


Broca’s and Wernicke’s aphasics, brain-damaged patients without aphasia, and chronic schizophrenics were tested in a non-verbal matching task where the subject had to indicate which of two pictures was more closely linked to a clue picture. Both aphasic groups performed worse than brain-damaged controls when the identification of individual attributes or actions shared by clue and referent was required, but were unimpaired when the two had a set of referential-situational associations in common. Factor analyses including 8 additional verbal and nonverbal reference tasks resulted for both groups in two factors, one of which represents general Language Impairment. For the Broca’s aphasies this factor was closely related to general organic deficit as measured by the Trail Making Test; for the Wernicke’s aphasies it was associated with tasks which might be considered illustrative of analytical competence in isolating and comparing individual features of objects or concepts.


Language Impairment Match Task Verbal Task Peabody Picture Vocabulary Chronic Schizophrenic 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    A. Basso, P. Faglioni, H. Spinnler: Neuropsychologia, 14, 183 (1976)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    R.Cohen, S. Kelter: Cortex, (in press)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    E. De Renzi, P. Faglioni, G. Scotti, H. Spinnler: Brain, 95, 293 (1972)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    E.De Renzi, H. Spinnler: Cortex, 3, 194 (1967)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    D. G. Doehring, J. G. Dudley, L. Coderre: Fol. phoniat. 19, 414 (1967)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    P. Faglioni, H. Spinnler, L. A. Vignolo: Cortex, 5, 366 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    H. Spinnler, L. A. Vignolo: Cortex, 2, 337 (1966)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    H. Strohner, R. Cohen, S. Kelter, G. Woll: Cortex, 14, 391 (1978)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    E. De Renzi, P. Faglioni, M. Savoiardo, L. A. Vignolo: Cortex, 2, 399 (1966)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    S. Kelter, R. Cohen, D. Engel, G. List, H. Strohner: J. Psycho-ling. Res., 6, 279 (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    H.-L. Teuber, S. Weinstein: Arch. Neurol. Psychiat. 76, 369 (1956)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    S. Weinstein, H.-L. Teuber, L. Ghent, J. Semmes: Am. Psychol. 10, 408 (1955)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    S. Kelter, R. Cohen, D. Engel, G. List, H. Strohner: Cortex, 12, 383 (1976)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    R. Cohen, S. Kelter, D. Engel, G. List, H. Strohner: Nervenarzt, 47, 357 (1976)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    R. Cohen, S. Kelter, B. Schäfer: Z. Klin. Psychol. 6, 1 (1977)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    G. Goldstein: Schiz. Bull. 4, 161 (1978).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    R. M. Reitan: A Manual for the Administration and Scoring of the Trail Making Test.(Indiana University, Indianapolis 1959)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    R. Cohen, S. Kelter, G. Woll: Forschungsbericht aus dem Sonderforschungsbereich 99 “Linguistik” No. 29, unpubl. Manuscr., University of Konstanz (1978)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    G.Woll, R.Cohen, S.Kelter: Z. Klin. Psychol. (in press)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    E. De Renzi, L. A. Vignolo: Brain, 85, 665 (1962)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    B. Orgass: Diagnostica, 22, 70 (1976a)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    B. Orgass: Diagnostica, 22, 141 (1976b)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    C. Bondy, R. Cohen, D. Eggert, G. Liier: Testbatterie für geistig behinderte Kinder, Weinheim: Beltz (1969)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    L. C. Dunn: The Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test.Manual and Set of Plates. (Minneapolis 1959)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    K. Goldstein, M. Scheerer: Psychol. Monogr. 53, whole No. 329 (1941)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    E. Weigl: Z. Psychol. 103, 2 (1927)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    E.B. Zurif, A. Caramazza, R. Myerson, J. Galvin: Brain and Language, 1, 167 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    K. Gloning, G. Haub, R. Quatember: Neoropsychologia, 6, 141 (1968)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    H. Schuell, J. J. Jenkins, J. B. Carroll: J. Speech Hear. Res. 5, 349 (1962)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    A. R. Luria: Traumatic Aphasia (Mouton The Hague 1970)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    S.E. Blumstein, E. Baker, H. Goodglass: Neuropsychologia, 15, 19 (1977)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    P. Tallal, F. Newcombe: Brain and Language, 5, 13 (1978)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rudolf Cohen
    • 1
  • Stephanie Kelter
    • 1
  • Gérhild Woll
    • 1
  1. 1.Universität KonstanzKonstanzGermany

Personalised recommendations