Development of Present Dryland Farming Systems

  • L. Bowden
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 34)


Dryland farming, growing crops and raising livestock with limited precipitation, is a consequence of semi-Arid climates. Because dryland farming systems depend on rain and snow for their necessary moisture they differ from Arid zone systems where irrigation is necessary and from humid zone systems where moisture is adequate or surplus for crop growth. Dryland farming occupies the largest areal extent of agriculture found in semi-Arid regions. As with many geographic definitions, the semi-Arid regions have both a physical-climatic and a cultural element in their definition. Achieving a definition that will permit identifying such areas through numerical climatic terms (physical) and relating such terms to the socioeconomic activities (cultural) is a valuable initial step in understanding and planning for semi-Arid regions.


North America Dust Storm Wind Erosion Humid Area Rain Shadow 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bowden, L.W.: Diffusion of the decision to irrigate: simulation of the spread of a new resource management practice in the Colorado northern high plains. Geog. Res. Pap. No. 97. 146 pp. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press 1965Google Scholar
  2. Di Castri, F., Mooney, H.A. (eds.): Mediterranean type ecosystems: origin and structure. 405 pp. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1973Google Scholar
  3. Gerasimov, L.P.: Basic problems in the transformation of nature in Central Asia. Soviet Geog. 9, 444–458 (1968)Google Scholar
  4. James, P.E.: Latin America. 3rd ed. New York: Odyssey Press 1959Google Scholar
  5. Kassas, M.: Arid and semi-Arid lands: an overview. In: United Nations Environment Programme Overviews in Priority Subject Area: Land, Water, and Desertification. Nairobi 1975Google Scholar
  6. Kovda, V.A.: Land use development in the Arid regions of the Russian plain, the Caucasus and central Asia. In: A History of land use in Arid regions. Stamp, L.D. (ed.) pp. 175–215. 388 pp. Paris: UNESCO 1961Google Scholar
  7. Krishnamoorthy, Ch.: New approaches to increasing dryland crop production in India. Summary of paper circulated at International Symposium on Rainfed Agriculture in Semi-Arid Regions, University of California, Riverside, April, 1977. Xerox.Google Scholar
  8. Lydolph, P.E.: The Russian sukhovey. Annals Assoc. Am. Geog. 54, 291–308 (1964)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Saarinen, T.F.: Perception of the drought hazards of the Great Plains. Geog. Res. Pap. No. 106. 183 pp. Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press 1966Google Scholar
  10. Talbott, W.J.: Land utilization in the Arid regions of southern Africa. In: A history of land use in Arid regions. Stamp, L.D. (ed.). pp. 299–328. 388 pp. Paris: UNESCO 1961Google Scholar
  11. Wadham, Sir S.: The problem of Arid Australia. In: A history of land use in Arid regions. Stamp, L.D. (ed.) pp. 339–360. 388 pp. Paris: UNESCO 1961Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Bowden

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations