Indications for Distal Coronary Artery Endarterectomy and Proximal Coronary Artery Bypass Grafts

  • H. C. Urschel
  • M. A. Razzuk
Conference paper


For patients with coronary artery insufficiency and myocardial isch­emia, coronary artery bypass grafts using saphenous vein or internal mammary artery have been successful in managing short, localized, or proximal obstructions in the coronary artery with patent distal ves­sels [26-27]. For patients with diffuse or long obstructions without adequate distal vessels, endarterectomy either with carbon dioxide or mechanical techniques combined with proximal saphenous vein bypass graft has been an adjunctive substitute procedure where simple bypass alone could not be performed [1–27].


Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Bypass Graft Saphenous Vein Internal Mammary Artery Saphenous Vein Graft 
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© Springer Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. C. Urschel
  • M. A. Razzuk

There are no affiliations available

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