ECG in Children

  • M. J. Halhuber
  • R. Günther
  • M. Ciresa


Many factors that have to be considered in ECG diagnosis of adults (e. g., degenerative diseases of the heart, toxic effects of drugs, nicotine, etc.) play practically no part in childhood, and hence conditions appear less complicated. But correct evaluation of tracings of children can prove difficult even to the experienced. The reasons may be summarized in the following points:
  • The brief physiologic devolution of the ECG requires knowledge of the normal values for each age group. However, the normal range varies greatly.

  • The configuration of ECG tracings peculiar to children may be unfamiliar to a doctor predominantly working in adult cardiology.

  • Extracardiac factors play a much greater part in children than in adults; they vary from age group to age group and, are often difficult to differentiate.

  • Recording of faultless tracings meets with purely technical difficulties, especially in young children: artifacts due to restlessness, crying, slipping of electrodes, etc., must be taken account of in interpretation.


Right Bundle Branch Block Vector Loop Left Axis Deviation Chest Lead Adult Cardiology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. J. Halhuber
    • 1
  • R. Günther
    • 2
  • M. Ciresa
    • 3
  1. 1.Klinik Höhenried für Herz- und KreislaufkrankheitenBernried/Starnberger SeeGermany
  2. 2.Medizinische UniversitätsklinikInnsbruckAustria
  3. 3.BezirkskrankenhausSchwazAustria

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