Instruments Used for Endoscopy of Anus and Rectum

  • Peter Otto
  • Klaus Ewe


In the discussion of endoscopic instruments and additional tools, we have referred only to the general features and important principles since instruments from individual firms not only vary in details but are also being continuously modified. The characteristics of any specific instrument may be obtained from its manufacturer.


Anal Canal Endoscopic Instrument Anterior Opening Cold Light Source Vaginal Speculum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Otto
    • 1
  • Klaus Ewe
    • 2
  1. 1.Medizinische AbteilungKreiskrankenhausGroßburgwedelGermany
  2. 2.I. Med. Klinik und Poliklinik der Universität MainzMainzGermany

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