Ribulose-1,5-Bisphosphate Carboxylase

  • T. Akazawa
Part of the Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology book series (PLANT, volume 6)

Abstract

Biochemical studies on leaf proteins carried out by Wildman and Bonner (1947) revealed the presence of a major protein component having a large molecular size (18s) which was designated as fraction-1-protein. The ubiquitous distribution of this protein in green plant leaves and green algae, as determined by analytical ultracentrifugation and immunological precipitation methods, stimulated later studies on its enzymic nature (Dorner et al., 1958). The independent investigation of the path of carbon in photosynthetic CO2 fixation, together with that on the enzymic machinery of the reductive pentose phosphate cycle, led to the discovery of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate (RuBP) carboxylase (E.C. 4.1.1.39; carboxydismutase) catalyzing the following key reaction [Eq. (1); Quayle et al., 1954; Weissbach et al., 1954, 1956; Chap. II.1, this vol.]
$$ {\rm{RuBP + C}}{{\rm{O}}_2}{\rm{ }}{\rm{ 2}}\left( {{\rm{PGA}}} \right) $$
(1)

Keywords

Maize Arsenate Glycolate Super Oxide Polypeptide 

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  • T. Akazawa

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