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Synopsis

  • Walter Tranquillini
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 31)

Abstract

In mountains, the upper limit to the distribution of forests, i.e., the alpine timberline, separates as a fairly sharp discontinuity the usually closed forest from the treeless alpine heath-grassland. In principle there are three possible causes for the upper survival limit of trees on mountains with seasonally fluctuating climates, i.e., outside the tropics:
  1. 1)

    Negative carbon balance

     
  2. 2)

    Arrested phenological cycle

     
  3. 3)

    Inadequate resistance to deleterious factors

     

Keywords

Frost Damage Shoot Primordia Cuticular Layer Cuticular Transpiration Shoot Extension 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Walter Tranquillini
    • 1
  1. 1.Außenstelle für subalpine WaldforschungForstliche BundesversuchsanstaltHofburg, InnsbruckAustria

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