Notes on the Development of Interest in North America in Head Injury

  • J. P. Evans
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Neurosurgery book series (NEURO, volume 5)


The purpose of this brief communication is not to present a profound analysis of the problems of the head-injured patient nor to offer a nationalistic survey of North American accomplishments in the field. Rather, I propose to review, in summary fashion, steps taken in the past and being made at present, in the belief that a backward look may throw some light on the future. I trust that the selected bibliography may prove useful for European colleagues. My comments will be limited to the North American experience. Canadian and United States neurologic surgeons share a great deal, and for our present purposes may be looked on as a common group.


Head Injury Emergency Medical Service Surgeon General Mortality Figure Neurologic Surgeon 
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Phase I

  1. BARNES, J.H.: Medical and Surgical History of the Rebellion (1861–1865), Vol. 1, Chap. 1. Washington: Government Printing Office, Second Issue 1875Google Scholar
  2. BORDEN, W.C.: Military Surgery. Washington: Government Printing Office 1905Google Scholar
  3. BROWN, H.: E.: The Medical Department of the United States Army from 1775 to 1873. Washington: Surgeon General’s Office 1873Google Scholar
  4. CHISHOLM, J.J.: A Manual of Military Surgery for the Use of Surgeons of the Confederate Army. Richmond (Va.): West & Johnston 1861Google Scholar
  5. DUNCAN, L.C.: Medical Department of the United States Army in the Civilian War. Washington: Surgeon General’s Office 1914Google Scholar
  6. SENN, N.: Surgical Aspects of the Spanish-American War. Chicago: American Medical Associated Press 1900Google Scholar

Phase II

  1. CUSHING, H.C.: From a Surgeon’s Journal, 1915–1918, Boston: Little Brown & Co. 1936Google Scholar
  2. KEEN, W.W.: The Treatment of War Wounds. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders 1917Google Scholar

Phase III

  1. HAYS, S.B.: Surgery in World War II, Vol. 1: Neurosurgery. Washington: Office of the Surgeon General 1958Google Scholar
  2. Symposium on Treatment of Trauma in the Armed Forces. Washington: Army Medical Service Graduate School 1952Google Scholar

Phase IV

  1. Head Injury Conference — Proceedings. CAVENESS, W.F., WALKER, A.E. (eds.). Philadelphia: Lippincott 1966Google Scholar
  2. Head Injuries, Second Chicago Symposium on Neural Trauma. McLAURIN, R.W. (ed.). New York: Grune & Stratton 1976Google Scholar
  3. Neurological Surgery of Trauma. MEIROWSKY, A.M. (ed.). Washington: Office of the Surgeon General 1965Google Scholar
  4. ROCKWOOD, C.A. Jr. , et al. : History of Emergency Medical Services in the United States. J. Trauma 16, 299–308 (1976)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. P. Evans

There are no affiliations available

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