Endocrine Responses to Malnutrition in Animals with Special Reference to Metabolic Hormones
An interdependence exists between the endocrine glands and nutrition, for not only does nutrition influence the synthesis and release of hormones, but hormones, in turn, through their regulation of metabolism, influence nutrition. Thus dietary deficiencies may create endocrine imbalances, may modify protein binding in transport, may alter metabolic clearance rate, and may influence tissue responsivity possibly through changes in hormone receptors. Hormones, on the other hand, influence the appetite and the absorption, utilization, and excretion of food. Furthermore, hormones can accentuate the effects of a poor diet.
KeywordsCortisol Arginine Dexamethasone Androgen Epinephrine
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