Advertisement

Literatur

  • Hermann Schmidt

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literatur

  1. Absher, R., Wortman, J. J., Boyarsky, S.: A microminiaturized piezojunction pressure sensor. In: Boyarsky, S., Gotischalk, C. W., Tanagho, E.A., Zimskind, P.D. (Eds.): Urodynamics, p. 473. New York and London: Academic Press 1971.Google Scholar
  2. Allen, T. D.: Congenital ureteral stricture. In: Lutzeyer, W., Melchior, H. (Eds.): Urodynamics, p. 137. Berlin Heidelberg - New York: Springer 1973.Google Scholar
  3. Anderson, J. C.: Abnormal function of the upper urinary tract. Proc. Poy. Soc. Med. 44, 925 (1951).Google Scholar
  4. Anderson, G. F., Pierce, J. M., Fredericks, Ch. M.: The ureteral response to bladder filling. In: Boyarsky, S., Gotischalk, C. W., Tanagho, E.A., Zimskind, P.D. (Eds.): Urodynamics, p. 283. New York and London: Academic Press 1971.Google Scholar
  5. Anger, H.: Invitro-Versuche zur Wirkung von exogenem Progesteron auf die Motilitat des menschlichen Ureters. Urologe A 13, 35 (1974).Google Scholar
  6. Anger, K.: Disk. Bern. Jahrestagung und Kongreß der Vereinigung Südwestdeutscher Radiologen und Nuklearmediziner und der Hessischen Gesellschaft für medizinische Strahlenkunde, Esslingen, 24.9.76.Google Scholar
  7. Ansell, J. S., Paterson, J.: Intermittent hydronephrosis. New Engl. J. Med. 267, 447 (1962).Google Scholar
  8. Apter, Julia T., Mason, Patricia: Dynamic mechanical properties of mammalian ureteral muscle. Amer. J. Physiol. 221, 226 (1971).Google Scholar
  9. Aung-khin, M.: The innervation of the ureter. Invest. Urol. 10, 370 (1973).Google Scholar
  10. Backlund, L.: Experimental studies on pressure and contractility in the ureter. Acta physiol. scand. 59, Suppl. 212, 1 (1963).Google Scholar
  11. Baker, D. W.: Factors in the development of measurement techniques for transcutaneous studies of ureter fuction. In: Boyarsky, S., Gotischalk, C.W., Tanagho, E.A., Zimskind, P.D. (Eds.): Urodynamics, p.425. New York and London: Academic Press 1971.Google Scholar
  12. Baker, R., Huffer, J.: Electromyelography in the normal, dilated transected and transplated ureter. Amer. J. Physiol. 174, 381 (1953).Google Scholar
  13. Baltzer, G., Dombrowski, H., Kuhne, E., Kuns, H.: Beeinflussung der Nierenfunktion durch die Infusionsurographie. Urologe B 11, 161 (1971).Google Scholar
  14. Barbey, A.: Ober die Insuffizienz des vesicalen Harnleiterendes. Z. urol. Coo. 1, 567 (1913).Google Scholar
  15. Barilla, M., Bonamone, A., Gutiadauro, M., Montanara, A, Salomonie, E., Sqillaci, S.: Fonction motrice des voies excretices urinaires superieures, J. Radiol. Electrol. 44, 48 (1963).Google Scholar
  16. Bayliss, W. M., Starling, E. H.: The movements and innervation of the sMall intestine. J. Physiol. (Lond.) 24, 99 (1899).Google Scholar
  17. Becker, J. A., Pollack, H.: Cinefluorography studies of the normal upper urinary tract. Radiology 84, 886 (1965).Google Scholar
  18. Begg, R. C.: Physiological variations in pyelograms commonly interpreted as pathological. Brit. J. Urol. 18, 176 (1946).Google Scholar
  19. Benjamin, J. A.: The use of x-ray-cinematography in urological studies. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 81, 227 (1959).Google Scholar
  20. Benjamin, J. A.: Cineradiographic observations of ureteral function in man and dog. In: Boyarsky, S., Gotischalk, C. W., Tanagho, E. A., Zimskind, P.D. (Eds.): Urodynamics, p.77. New York and London: Academic Press 1971.Google Scholar
  21. Benjamin, J. A., Bethell, J. J., Emmel, V. M., Ramsey, G.H., Watson, J.S.: Observations of ureteral obstructions and contractility in man and dog. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 75,25 (1956).Google Scholar
  22. Benninghoff, A., Goertller, K.: Lehrbuch der Anatomie des Menschen. 6. Aufl. München Berlin: Urban und Schwarzenberg 1962.Google Scholar
  23. Bentley, P. A.: Autonomic modulation of ureteral peristalsis in the conscious and anesthetized dog. J. Amer. Osteopath. Ass. 73, 576 (1974).Google Scholar
  24. Benzi, G., Arrigoni, E., Panceri, P., Panzarasa, R., Berte, F., Crema, A.: Effect of antibiotics on the ureter motor activity. Jap. J. Pharmacol. 23, 599 (1973).Google Scholar
  25. Blum, V.: Physiologie und Pathologie des Harnleiterse Z. Urol. 19, 161 (1925).Google Scholar
  26. Boatman, D. L., Lewin, M. L., Culp, D. A., FLOCKS, R. H.: Pharmacologic evaluation of ureteral smooth muscle. Invest. Urol. 6, 509 (1967).Google Scholar
  27. Boeminghaus, H.: Zur Frage der HydronephRosen nicht mechanischen Ursprungs. Dtsch. Z. Chir. 179, 129 (1923).Google Scholar
  28. Boeminghaus, H.: Beitrage zur Physiologie der Hamleiter. Z. urol. Coo. 14, 71 (1923).Google Scholar
  29. Boeminghaus, H.: Feststellung des Einflusses der Blasenfüllung auf die Funktion der Nieren, speziell die Wasserausscheidung. Dtsch. med. Wschr. 1925, 138.Google Scholar
  30. Boeminghaus, H.: Ober funktionelle Zusammenhange zwischen Harnblase und Niere (vesicorenaler Reflex). Arch. klin. Chir. 154, 114 (1929).Google Scholar
  31. Borgard, W.: Ober die Beurteilung des Harnleiterabganges im Rontgenbild. Z. Urol. 37, 231 (1943).Google Scholar
  32. Borgard, W.: Funktionelle Pathologie des Nierenbeckens. Klinik und Praxis 6, 81 (1946).Google Scholar
  33. Boyarsky, S.: Surgical physiology of the renal pelvis and ureter. Monographs in the surgical sciences, Vol. 1 p. 173 (1964).Google Scholar
  34. Boyarsky, S., Kirshner, N., Labay, P.: Katecholamine content of the normal dog ureter. Invest. Urol. 4, 97 (1966).Google Scholar
  35. Boyarsky, S., Kirshner, N., Labay, P.: The control of ureteral function. Med. ServoJ. Can. 22, 601 (1966).Google Scholar
  36. Boyarsky, S., Labay, P.: Stimulation of ureteral peristalsis through the renal nerves. Invest. Urol. 5, 200 (1967).Google Scholar
  37. Boyarsky, S., Labay, P.: Ureteral motility. Ann. Rev. Med. 20, 383 (1969).Google Scholar
  38. Boyarsky, S., Labay, P.: A comparison of other conduit organs with the ureter: Reaching toward a clearer concept of ureteral peristalsis. In: Boyarsky, S., Gotischalk, C. W., Tanagho, E.A., Zimskind, P.D. (Eds.): Urodynamics, p. 55. New York and London: Academic Press 1971.Google Scholar
  39. Boyarsky, S., Labay, P.: Ureteral dimensions and specifications for bioengineering modeling. In: Boyarsky, S., Gotischalk, C. W., Tanagho, E.A., Zimskind, P.D. (Eds.): Urodynamics, p. 163. New York and London: Academic Press 1971.Google Scholar
  40. Boyarsky, S., Labay, P., Kirshner, N.: Acceleration of ureteral peristalsis by adrenal compression. Science 154, 669 (1966).Google Scholar
  41. Boyarsky, S., Labay, P., Kirshner, N.: Further evidence for physiologic ureteral innervation. Proc. Ann. Clin. Spinal. cord. inj. conf. 15, 5 (1966).Google Scholar
  42. Boyarsky, S., Labay, P., Kirshner, N., Gerber, C.: Does the ureter have nervous control? J. Urol. (Baltimore) 97, 672 (1967).Google Scholar
  43. Boyarsky, S., Labay, P., Glenn, J.F.: More evidence for ureteral nerve function and its clinical implications. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 99, 533 (1968).Google Scholar
  44. Boyarsky, S., Martinez, J.: Ureteral peristaltic pressures in dogs with changing urine flows. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 87, 25 (1962).Google Scholar
  45. Boyarsky, S., Martinez, J.: Pathophysiology of the ureter: Partial ligation of the ureter in dogs. Invest. Urol. 2, 173 (1964).Google Scholar
  46. Boyarsky, S., Weinberg, S.: Urodynamics concepts. In: Lutzeyer, W., Melchior, H. (Eds.): Urodynamics, p.l. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1973.Google Scholar
  47. Boyarsky, S., Gotischalk, C. W., Tanagho, E. A., Zimskind, P.D. (Eds.): Urodynamics. New York and London: Academic Press 1971.Google Scholar
  48. Bozler, E.: The activity of the pacemaker previous to the discharge of a muscular impulse. Amer. J. Physiol. 136, 543 (1942a).Google Scholar
  49. Bozler, E.: The action potentials accompanying conducted responsive in visceral smooth muscles. Amer. J. Physiol. 136, 553 (1942b).Google Scholar
  50. Braun, K. P., Sielaff, H. J.: Funktionsdiagnostik der Harnabflulsstorung mittels Bandspeicher und BV-Photographie. Vortrag Jahrestagung und KongreB der Vereinigung Südwestdeutscher Radiologen und Nuklearmediziner und der Hessischen Gesellschaft für medizinische Strahlenkunde, Esslingen, 24.9.76.Google Scholar
  51. Bressel, M., May, P., Opelt, B., Sokeland, J.: Belastungsurogramm. Urologe 8, 119 (1969).Google Scholar
  52. Brezina, K.: Veranderungen der oberen Harnwege post partum. Z. Geburtsh. Gynak, 173, 42 (1970).Google Scholar
  53. Brezina, K.: Physiologische und pathologische Befunde bei der Ausscheidungsurographie nach der Graviditat. Geburtsh. U. Frauenheilk. 31, 1107 (1971).Google Scholar
  54. Brezina, K.: Zum EinfluB der Graviditat auf die Funktion der oberen Harnwege bei der Ausscheidungsurographie. Fortschr. Rontgenstr, 118, 507 (1973).Google Scholar
  55. Briggs, E. M., Constantinou, Ch. E., Govan, D. E.: Dynamics of the upper urinary tract. The relationship of urine flow and rate of ureteral peristalsis. Invest. Urol. 10, 56 (1972).Google Scholar
  56. Buchanec, J.: Contribution to the study of impaired motility of the ureters determined by emotional factors in predisposed children. Physiol. bohemoslov. 21, 281 (1972).Google Scholar
  57. Buscher, H. K., Gaca, A.: Storungen der Harnleiterdynamik nach Ureterplastik mit Kontinuitatsdurchtrennung. Chirurg 31,70 (1960).Google Scholar
  58. Burnstock, G., Prosser, C. L.: Responses of smooth muscles to quick stretch. Amer. J. Physiol. 198, 213 (1960).Google Scholar
  59. Burnstock, G., Prosser, C. L.: Conduction in smooth muscles: Comparative electrical properties. Amer. J. Physiol. 199, 553 (1960).Google Scholar
  60. Butcher, H. R., Jr., Sleator, W., Jr.: The effect of ureteral anastomosis upon conduction of peristaltic waves: An electro-ureterographic study. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 75, 650 (1956).Google Scholar
  61. Butcher, H. R., Jr., Sleator, W., Jr., SCHMANDT, W. P.: A study of the peristaltic conduction mechanism in the canin ureter. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 78, 221 (1957).Google Scholar
  62. Butler, E. D., Friedland, G. W., Govan, D. E.: A radiological study of the effect of elevated intravesical pressures on ureteral calibre and peristalsis in patients with neurogenic bladder dysfunction. Clin. Radiol. 22, 198 (1971).Google Scholar
  63. Campbell, J. E.: A cinefluorographic analysis of normal pyelo-ureteral dynamics. Invest. Radiol. 1, 198 (1966).Google Scholar
  64. Campbell, J. E.: Ureteral peristalsis in duplex renal collecting systems. J. Roentgenol. 99, 577 (1967).Google Scholar
  65. Catel, W., Garsche, R.: Studien bei Kindem mit dem Bildwandler. 2. Mitteilung: Bewegungs- und Entleerungsvorgange im Bereich von Nierenkelchen und Nierenbecken. Fortschr. Rontgenstr. 86, 66 (1957).Google Scholar
  66. Cavazzana, P., AmbRosetil, A.: Les modifications histo-pathologiques du bassinet dans l'hydronephRose. Urol. into (Basel) 4, 96 (1957).Google Scholar
  67. Chesterman, J. T.: Observations on renal pain. Brit. J. Urol. 17, 45 (1945).Google Scholar
  68. Constantinou, C. E.: Renal pelvic pacemaker control of ureteral peristaltic rate. Amer. J. Physiol. 226, 1413 (1974).Google Scholar
  69. Constantinou, C. E., Dale, R. L., Briggs, E. M., Govan, D. E.: Electrophysiological methods in the study of ureteral dynamics. In: Boyarsky, S., Gottschalk, C. W., Tanagho, E.A., Zimskind, P.D. (Eds.): Urodynamics, p.143. New York and London: Academic Press 1971.Google Scholar
  70. Constantinou, C. E., Granato, J. J., Jr., Govan, D. E.: Dynamics of the upper urinary tract. Urol. into (Basel) 29, 249 (1974a).Google Scholar
  71. Constantinou, C. E., Granato, J. J., Jr., Govan, D. E.: Effects of radiopaque contrast media on the dynamic characteristics of ureteral function. Urol. int. (Basel) 29, 401 (1974b).Google Scholar
  72. Cosma, D., Montanara, A., Salomoni, E.: On pyeloureteral motor functions in kidney resection. Urol. into (Basel) 16, 319 (1963).Google Scholar
  73. Covington, T., Jr., Reeser, W.: Hydronephrosis with overhydration. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 63, 438 (1950).Google Scholar
  74. Cox, C. E., Elkins, I.: Toxic effects of bacteria on urinary tract smooth muscles. SurgeForum 19, 542 (1968).Google Scholar
  75. Creevy, T. D.: The atonic distal ureteral segment (ureteral achalasia). J. Urol. (Baltimore) 97, 457 (1967).Google Scholar
  76. Cunningham, J.: Textbook of anatomy, 5th Ed. London 1922.Google Scholar
  77. Cuthbert, A. B.: The relation between responses and the interval between stimuli of the isolated guinea-pig ureter. J. Physiol. (Lond.) 180, 225 (1965).Google Scholar
  78. Dale, R. L., Constantinou, C. E., Briggs, E. M., Govan, D. E.: Dynamics of the upper urinary tract. Invest. Urol. 8, 655 (1971).Google Scholar
  79. Davis, D. M.: The hydrodynamics of the upper urinary tract (Urodynamics). Ann. Surge 140, 839 (1954).Google Scholar
  80. Davis, D. M., Zimskind, P. D.: Progress in urodynamics. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 87, 243 (1962).Google Scholar
  81. Davis, D.M., Zimskind, P.D., Paquet, J.P.: Studies on Urodynamics: New light on ureteral funtion. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 90, 150 (1963).Google Scholar
  82. Deuticke, P.: Ober die Ureterkolik. Z. Urol. 44, 124 (1951).Google Scholar
  83. Deuticke, P.: Intermittierende HydronephRosen. Z. Urol. 46, 25 (1953).Google Scholar
  84. Deuticke, P.: Die Rontgenuntersuchung der Niere und des Harnleiters in der urologischen Diagnostik. 2. Aufl. München-Grafelfing: Werkverlag Edmund Banaschewski 1974.Google Scholar
  85. Diemer, K. F.: Autonomes Nervensystem und Ureter. In: Lutzeyer, .W., Melchior, H. (Hrsg.): Ureterdynamik, S. 17. Stuttgart: Thieme 1971.Google Scholar
  86. Disse, J.: Harnorgane. In: V. BARDELEBEN: Handbuch der Anatomie des Menschen, Vü. Band, 1. Teil, S. 92ff. Jena: G. Fischer 1902.Google Scholar
  87. Dodson, A. I.: Urological Surgery, p. 22. S1.Louis: Mosby 1950.Google Scholar
  88. Doertelmann, K. M.: Ober den EinfluB der Schwerkraft auf die Frequenz der Kontraktionsablaufe am menschlichen Ureter. Med. Diss. Hamburg 1978.Google Scholar
  89. Duarte-Escalante, 0.: The neurohistochemistry of mammalian ureter. In: Boyarsky, S., Gottschalk, C. W., Tanagho, E.A., Zimskind, P.D. (Eds.): Urodynamics, p. 29. New York and London: Academic Press 1971.Google Scholar
  90. Duarte-Escalante, 0., Labay, P. C., Boyarsky, S.: Drugs, hormons, and endotoxin effects: Speculations on the molecular biology of ureteral peristalsis. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 101, 803 (1969).Google Scholar
  91. Dux, A., Thurn, P., Kisseler, B.: Entleerungsmechanismus der ableitenden Harnwege im Rontgenkinematogramm. Fortschr. Rontgenstr, 97, 687 (1962).Google Scholar
  92. Durand, L., Descotes, J.: Etude experimentale de l'innervation pyelo-ureterale, Lyon chir. 47, 709 (1952).Google Scholar
  93. Dure-Smith, P.: Drip infusion and routine urography: A comparative trial. Brit. J. Radiol. 29,655 (1966).Google Scholar
  94. Dure-Smith, P.: Pregnancy dilatation of the urinary tract. The iliac sign and its significance. Radiology 96, 545 (1970).Google Scholar
  95. Edmond, P., Ross, J. A., Kirkland, I. S.: Human ureteral peristalsis. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 104, 670 (1970).Google Scholar
  96. Edwards, D.: Cine-radiology of congenital bladder- neck-obstruction and the megaureter. Brit. J. Urol. 29, 410 (1957).Google Scholar
  97. Ehlert, Ch. D.: Urologic manifestations of appendicitis. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 43, 468 (1940).Google Scholar
  98. Eisendrath, D. N.: Ureteral strictures, kinks, and abnormal inserts. Surge Gynec. Obstet. 41, 557 (1925).Google Scholar
  99. Eisler, F.: Rontgenuntersuchung der Harnblase. Rontgenpraxis 6, 204 (1934).Google Scholar
  100. Engelmann, Th. W.: Zur Physiologie des Ureters. Arch. ges. Physiol. 2, 243 (1869).Google Scholar
  101. Fagge, C. H.: On the innervation of the urinary passages in the dog. J. Physiol. (Lond.) 28, 304 (1902).Google Scholar
  102. Fainstat, Th.: Ureteral dilatation in pregnancy: A review. Obstet. Gynec. Surg. 18, 845 (1963).Google Scholar
  103. Falk, D.: Intermittent obstruction of the ureteropelvic juncture. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 79, 16 (1958).Google Scholar
  104. Felix, W.: In: Kernel, F., Mall, F. P.: Manual of human embryology, Vol. 2, p. 834. Philadelphia and London: Lippincott 1912.Google Scholar
  105. Fey, P., Quenu, L.: Physiologie normale et pathologique des voies urinaires superieures, In: Alken, C. E., Dix, V. W., Goodwin, W. E., Wildbolz, E. (Hrsg.): Handbuch der Urologie, Bd. IT. Berlin - Heidelberg - New York: Springer 1965.Google Scholar
  106. Finkle, L., Smith, D. R.: Concepts of ureteral physiology. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 74, 312 (1955).Google Scholar
  107. Foote, J. W., Blennerhasset, J. B., Wiglesworth, S. W., Mac Kinnon, K.J.: Observations on the ureteropelvic junction. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 104, 252 (1970).Google Scholar
  108. Fronstein, R.: Das Empyem des Hamleiterstumpfe. Z. urol. Coo. 20, 183 (1926).Google Scholar
  109. Fuchs, F.: Zur Anatomie und Mechanik des Ureters. Z. urol. Chir. 21, 201 (1927).Google Scholar
  110. Fuchs, F.: Die Hydromechanik der Niere. Anatomische und experimentelle Grundlagen, biologische und klinische Bedeutung. Z. urol. Chir. 33, 1 (1931).Google Scholar
  111. Fuchs, F.: Theorie der Harnwegfunktion. Z. urol. Chir. 37, 154 (1933).Google Scholar
  112. Gil, D. R., Ratto, G. D., Mateu, A. T.: The growth of uretero-vesical unity. A contribution to the study of muscular arrangement in the terminal ureter. In: Lutzeyer, W., Melchior, H. (Eds.): Urodynamics, p. 165. Berlin - Heidelberg - New York: Springer 1973.Google Scholar
  113. Gil Vernet, S.: Anatomical aspects of vesico-ureteral reflux. In: Lutzeyer, W., Melchior, H. (Eds.): Urodynamics, p.171. Berlin - Heidelberg - New York: Springer 1973.Google Scholar
  114. Gisel, A.: Ureter, Harnleiter. In: Alken, C. E., Dix, V. W., Goodwin, W. E., Wildbolz, E., (Hrsg.): Handbuch der Urologie, Bd. I, S. 225 ff. Berlin - Heidelberg - New York: Springer 1969.Google Scholar
  115. Golenhofen, K.: Physiologie der Uretermuskulatur. In: Lutzeyer, W., Melchior, H. (Hrsg.): Ureterdynamik, S. 46. Stuttgart: Thieme 1971.Google Scholar
  116. Golenhofen, K., Hannapel, J.: Spontaneous generation of excitation in the pyeloureteral system and the effect of adrenergic substances. In: Lutzeyer, W., Melchior, H. (Eds.): Urodynamics, p. 46. Berlin - Heidelberg New York: Springer 1973.Google Scholar
  117. Grasset, D.: Place de l'uretero-pyelo-manometrie dans le diagnostic des uropathies obstructives. Helv. chir. Acta 1967, 359.Google Scholar
  118. Gregoir, W., Debled, G.: Atiologie des primaren Megaureters. In: Lutzeyer, W., Melchior, H. (Hrsg.): Ureterdynamik, S. 24. Stuttgart: Thieme 1971.Google Scholar
  119. Gregoir, W., Debled, G.: Congenital physiopathology of the uretero-vesical junction. In: Lutzeyer, W., Melchior, H. (Eds.): Urodynamics, S. 160. Berlin - Heidelberg - New York: Springer 1973.Google Scholar
  120. Gruber, Ch. M.: The peristaltic and antiperistaltic movements in excised ureters as affected by drugs. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 20, 27 (1928).Google Scholar
  121. Gruber, Ch.M.: A comparative study of the intravesical ureters (ureteral-vesical valves) in man and in experimental animals. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 21, 567 (1929).Google Scholar
  122. Gruber, Ch. M.: The autonomic innervation of the genito-urinary system. Physiol. Rev. 13, 497 (1933).Google Scholar
  123. Gunther, G. W.: Rontgenuroskopie. Nierenbecken und Kelche, Harnleiter, Blase, Harnrohre. Stuttgart: Thieme 1952.Google Scholar
  124. Haebler, H.: Zur Funktion der Nierenkelche. Z. Urol. 16, 145 (1922).Google Scholar
  125. Hafferl, A.: Lehrbuch der topographischen Anatomie, S. 516. Berlin Gottingen - Heidelberg: Springer 1953.Google Scholar
  126. Hahn, K., Eissner, D., Kerkmann, D., Grimm, W., Eisen, M., Straub, E.: Die katheterlose Isotopenrefluxprüfung mit 99mTc_Eisen-Komplex. Fortschr. Rontgenstr, 123, 321 (1975).Google Scholar
  127. Halle: Zit. bei Barbey, 1913.Google Scholar
  128. Hamberger, P., Norberg, K. A.: Adrenergic synaptic terminals and nerve cells in bladder ganglia of the cat. Int. J. Neuropharmacol. 4, 41 (1965).Google Scholar
  129. Hamberger, P., Norberg, K. A.: Studies on some systems of adrenergic synaptic terminals in the abdominal ganglia of the cat. Acta physiol. scand. 65, 235 (1965).Google Scholar
  130. Hamberger, P., Norberg, K. A., Sjoqvist, S.: Evidence for adrenergic nerve terminals and synapses in sympathetic ganglia. Int. J. Neuropharmacol. 2, 279 (1964).Google Scholar
  131. Hanley, H. G.: The electro-ureterogramm. Brit. J. Urol. 25, 358 (1953).Google Scholar
  132. Hanley, H. G.: Cineradiography of the urinary tract. Brit. med. J. 1955 n, 22.Google Scholar
  133. Hanley, H. G.: The pelvi-ureteric junction: A cinepyelography study. Brit. J. Urol. 31, 277 (1959).Google Scholar
  134. Hanley, H. G.: Hydronephrosis. Lancet 1960 ll, 664.Google Scholar
  135. Hannapel, J., Golenhofen, K.: The effect of catecholamines on ureteral peristalsis in different species (dog, guinea-pig and rat). Pflügers Arch. ges. Physiol. 350, 55 (1974).Google Scholar
  136. Harrow, B. R., Sloane, J. A., Salhanick, L.: Etiology of the hydronephrosis of pregnancy. Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 119, 1042 (1964).Google Scholar
  137. Haubensak, K., Muller, K. D.: Die Abhangigkeitdes menschlichen Harnleiters in vitro von Druck und Pharmaka. Urol. into (Basel) 28, 274 (1973).Google Scholar
  138. Heckenbach, W.: Physiologie und Pathologie der Harnleiterdynamik bei der Ausscheidungsurographie unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Adnexerkrankungen. Z. urol. Coo. 35, 34 (1932).Google Scholar
  139. Henderson, V. E.: The factors of the ureter pressure. J. Physiol. (Lond.) 33, 175 (1905).Google Scholar
  140. Hinman, F., Jr.: Peristalsis in the deceased ureter: A brief summary of current knowledge. In: Boyarsky, S., Gotischalk, C. W., Tanagho, E. A., Zimskind, P. D. (Eds.): Urodynamics, p. 353. New York and London: Academic Press 1971.Google Scholar
  141. Hinman, F., Jr.: Hydrodynamic aspects of urinary tract infection. In: Lutzeyer, W., Melchior, H. (Eds.): Urodynamics, p. 14. Berlin - Heidelberg - New York: Springer 1973.Google Scholar
  142. Hinman, F., Jr., Miller, E. R., Hutch, J. A., Ganey, M.D., Cox, C.E., Goodfriend, R.P., MARSHALL, S.: Low pressure reflux: Relation of a vesical ureteral reflux to intravesical pressure. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 88, 758 (1962).Google Scholar
  143. Hofbauer, J.: Contributions to the etiology of pyelitis in pregnangy. Bull. Johns Hopk. Hosp. 42, 118 (1928).Google Scholar
  144. Homsy, G. E.: The dynamics of the uretero-vesical and vesico-urethral junctions. ü. Effect of automatic and somatic excitation on the resistance to flow of the distal ureter and lower urinary tract. Invest. Urol. 4, 408 (1967).Google Scholar
  145. Hryntschak, T.: Zur Anatomie und Physiologie des Nierenapparates, der Hamblase und des Ureters. Il, Mitteilung. Ober den Ganglienzellapparat von Nierenbecken und Hamleiter des Menschen und einiger Saugetiere, Z. urol. Chir. 18, 86 (1925).Google Scholar
  146. Hryntschak, T.: Combined pyeloscopy. Its clinical value and its technique. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 24, 549 (1930).Google Scholar
  147. Ingiulla, W., Mangione, P.: Experimental studies of the vascularisation of the ureter. Riv. Ostet. Ginec. 10, 513 (1955).Google Scholar
  148. Israel, A.: Versuche über die Contractilitat des Nierenbeckens und des Hamleiters. Z. urol. Chir. 12, 328 (1923).Google Scholar
  149. Israel, W.: Uber die Funktion der oberen Hamwege nach Neueinpflanzung des Hamleiters in die Blase. Verh. dtsch. Ges. Urol. 1928, 54!.Google Scholar
  150. Israel, W.: Hamleitermündung und Blasenkontraktion. Z. urol. Coo. 33, 423 (1931).Google Scholar
  151. Jewett, H. J.: Stenosis of the ureteropelvic juncture congenital and aquired. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 44, 247 (1940).Google Scholar
  152. Junker, H.: Durchleuchtung und Momentaufnahmen von Nierenbecken und Ureter. Z. Urol. 30, 231 (1936).Google Scholar
  153. Junker, H.: Fortschritte der chirurgischen Nierendiagnostik. Z. Urol. 32, 112 (1938).Google Scholar
  154. Kadivar, R., Tabatabai, M.: Ureterometrograms in normal and diseased states. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 112, 730 (1974).Google Scholar
  155. Kalz, F.: Motilitatsstorungen des Ureters bei entzündlichen Erkrankungen des ableitenden Hamsystems. Med. Diss. Tübingen 1970.Google Scholar
  156. Karpati, F.: Zur Frage des vesico-ureteralen Refluxes. Z. Urol. 57, 415 (1964).Google Scholar
  157. Kendall, A. R., K.Arafin, L.: Intermittent hydronephrosis: Hydration pyelography. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 98, 653 (1968).Google Scholar
  158. Kill, F.: Pressure recordings in the upper urinary tract. Scand. J. clin. Lab. Invest. 5, 383 (1953).Google Scholar
  159. Kill,F.: The function of the ureter and renal pelvis. Oslo: Oslo University Press, 1957.Google Scholar
  160. Kill, F.: Physiology of the renal pelvis and ureter. In: Campbell, M. F., HARRISON, J. H.: Urology, Vol. I, 3rd Ed. Philadelphia, London, Toronto: Saunders 1970.Google Scholar
  161. Kill, F.: Urinary flow and ureteral peristalsis. In: LUTZMEYER, W., Melchior, H. (Eds.): Urodynamics, p.57 Berlin - Heidelberg - New York: Springer 1973.Google Scholar
  162. King, W. W., Cox, C. E.: Bacterial inhibition of ureteral smooth muscle contractility. I. The effect of common urinary pathogens and endotoxin in an in vitro system. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 108, 700 (1972).Google Scholar
  163. Kremling, H.: Zur Frage der Entleerungsstorungen im Hamsystem bei Graviditat, Geburtsh. U. Frauenheilk. 12, 1020 (1952).Google Scholar
  164. Kremling, H.: Neuere Ergebnisse über den EinfluB der Graviditat auf Physiologie und Pathologie der ableitenden Hamwege. Med. Kün. 52, 489 (1957).Google Scholar
  165. Kremling, H.: Weitere Beobachtungen über die afebrile Hamwegsinfektion in der Graviditat, Geburtsh. U. Frauenheilk. 18, 300 (1958).Google Scholar
  166. Kremling, H.: Zur Frage der Veranderungen von Ureter und Nierenhohlraumsystem in der Schwangerschaft. Geburtsh. U. Frauenheilk. 29, 800 (1969).Google Scholar
  167. Kreutzmann, H. A. R.: Studies in normal ureteral and vesical pressure. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 19, 517 (1928).Google Scholar
  168. Kulov, N., Tzekov, Tz., Velikov, K.: Changes in the electrophysical activity of the ureter in irregular renal and ureteral hemodynamics. In: Lutzeyer, W., Melchior, H. (Eds.): Urodynamics. Berlin - Heidelberg - New York: Springer 1973.Google Scholar
  169. Labay, Peregrina, Boyarsky, S.: Ureteral peristaltic pressure methods. In Boyarski, S., Gotischalk, C. W., Tanagho, E. A., Zimskind, P. D. (Eds.): Urodynamics, p. 99. New York and London: Academic Press 1971a.Google Scholar
  170. Labay, Peregrina, Boyarsky, S.: Laboratory models of diseases altering ureteral hydrodynamics. In: Boyarsky, S., Gotischalk, C. W., Tanagho, E.A., Zimskind, P.D. (Eds.): Urodynamics, p. 349. New York and London: Academic Press 1971b.Google Scholar
  171. Labay, Peregrina, Boyarsky, S.: Ureteral peristaltic response to renal compression and other maneuvers: Renal-ureteral coupling as a physiological concept. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 111, 334 (1974).Google Scholar
  172. Labay, Peregrina, Boyarsky, S., Duarte-Escalante, 0., Grimes, J. H.: The scientific concept of ureteral innervation: Will it become an urologic concept? J. Urol. (Baltimore) 103, 37 (1970).Google Scholar
  173. Lapides, J.: The physiology of the intact human ureter. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 59, 501 (1948).Google Scholar
  174. Lapides, J., Woodburne, R. T.: Configuration of ureteral lumen during peristalsis. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 108, 234 (1972).Google Scholar
  175. Lauber, H. J., Scherer, F.: Pyeloskopische Studien tiber den Entleerungsmechanismus des nonnalen Nierenbeckens: Fortschr. Rontgenstr, 61, 222 (1940).Google Scholar
  176. LEB: Die Rontgenpyeloskopie, Fortschr. Rontgenstr. 42, 291 (1930).Google Scholar
  177. Legueu, F., Fey, B. C., Palazolli, G.: La motricite du bassinet, etudiee et sur Ie rein fraichement nephrectomise. J. Urol. Nephrol, 24, 61 (1927).Google Scholar
  178. Legueu, F., Fey, B. C., Truchot, P.: La Pyeloscopie. Paris: Norbert Maloine 1927.Google Scholar
  179. Leidig, E.: Rontgenologische Untersuchung des Hamtransportes im Ureter unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Zystoidtheorie. Med. Dissertation Hamburg 1977.Google Scholar
  180. Lenaghan, D.: Bifid ureters in children: An anatomical, physiological, and clinical study. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 87, 808 (1962).Google Scholar
  181. Lewin, L., GoldSchmidt, H.: Versuche tiber die Beziehungen zwischen Blase, Hamleiter und Nierenbecken. Virchows Arch. path. Anat. 134, 33 (1893).Google Scholar
  182. v. Lichtenberg, A.: Kidney and ureteral lesions secondary to adnexal disease. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 24, 1 (1930).Google Scholar
  183. v. Lichtenberg,A.: Principles and new advances in excretion urography. Brit. J. Urol. 3, 119 (1931).Google Scholar
  184. Loffler, L.: Muskelveranderungen am Nierenbekken und Ureter bei Stauung in den hamableitenden Wegen. Z. Urol. 36, 348 (1933).Google Scholar
  185. Lohr, E., Mellin, P., Rodeck, G., Rohen, J. W.: Atlas der urologischen Rontgendiagnostik, 2. Aufl. Stuttgart - New York: Schattauer 1976.Google Scholar
  186. Lorenz, W.: Strahlenschutz in Klinik und arztlicher Praxis. Fortschr. Rontgenstr. Erg. Band 88, Stuttgart: Thieme 1961.Google Scholar
  187. Lucas, D. R.: Studies on the peristalsis of the ureter of dogs by the graphic method. Amer. J. Physiol. 17, 392 (1906/7).Google Scholar
  188. Lucas, D. R.: Physiological and pharmacological studies of the ureter. Amer. J. Physiol. 22, 245 (1908).Google Scholar
  189. Ludwig, K. S.: Funktionelle Anatomie und Embryologie der oberen Hamwege, speziell des Ureters. In: Lutzeyer, W., Melchior, H. (Hrsg.): Ureterdynamik, S. 4. Stuttgart: Thieme 1971.Google Scholar
  190. Lutzeyer, W.: Preface zu Lutzeyer, W., Melchior, H. (Eds.): Urodynamics, p. ill/IV. Berlin - Heidelberg - New York: Springer 1973.Google Scholar
  191. Lutzeyer, W., Melchior, H.: Uro-Rheographie. Urologe 8, 208 (1969).Google Scholar
  192. Lutzeyer, W., Melchior, H. (Hrsg.): Ureterdynamik. Stuttgart: Thieme 1971.Google Scholar
  193. Lutzeyer, W., Melchior, H. (Eds.): Urodynamics. Berlin - Heidelberg - New York: Springer 1973.Google Scholar
  194. Lymberopopoulos, S., Breining, H., Klinkhammer, B.: Histochemical studies on the ureter after ligation. In: Lutzeyer, W., Melchior, H. (Eds.): Urodynamics, p. 123. Berlin - Heidelberg - New York: Springer 1973.Google Scholar
  195. Macht, D. J.: On the pharmacology of the ureter. I. Action of Epinephrin, Ergotoxin and of Nicotin. J. Pharmacol. expo Ther. 8, 155 (1916). ü. Action of drugs activity affecting the sacral autonomies. J. Pharmacol. expo Ther. 8, 261 (1916).Google Scholar
  196. Maintz, M, Meese, J.: Rontgenkymographische Untersuchungen tiber nonnale und krankhafte Bewegungsvorgange an den ableitenden Hamwegen. Z. Urol. 32, 682 (1938).Google Scholar
  197. Maintz, M., Meese, J.: Rontgenkymographische (urokymographische) Untersuchungen tiber Retroperistaltik des Harnleiters. Z. Urol. 32, 756 (1938).Google Scholar
  198. Maintz, M., Meese, J., Wullenweber, G.: Kymographische Untersuchungen tiber die Bewegungsvorgange am gesunden und kranken Nierenbecken und Hamleiter. Fortschr. Rontgenstr. 54, 505 (1936).Google Scholar
  199. Malin, J. M., Jr.: The isolated ureter in vitro. In: Boyarsky, S., Gottschalk, C. W., Tanagho, E.A., Zimskind, P.D., (Eds.): Urodynamics, p.125. NewYork-London: AcademicPress 1971.Google Scholar
  200. Malvin, R. L.: Partial ureteral obstruction and renal function. In: Boyarsky, S., Gottschalk, C. W., Tanagho, E. A., Zimskind, P. D., (Eds.) Urodynamics, p.309. New York and London: Academic Press 1971.Google Scholar
  201. Manczak, G., Boehm-Jurcovic, H., Wolf, R., Schwarzhaupt, W.: New test for vesica-ureteral reflux. Medical Radioisotopic Scintigraphy 1972, Vol. IT, p. 210. Vienna: Int. Atomic Energy Agency 1973.Google Scholar
  202. McLean, J. T., Denning, C. L.: The incidence of pyelonephritis in successive pregnancies. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 49, 236 (1943).Google Scholar
  203. Mehta, H. J.: The ureter. New York: Harper 1967.Google Scholar
  204. Melchior, H.: Ureterdynamik. Z. Urol. Nephrol. 70, 459 (1975).Google Scholar
  205. Melchior, H.: Urodynamics. Urol.Res.3, 51 (1975).Google Scholar
  206. Melchior, H., Bastian, P., Lutzeyer, W.: Die Abhangigkeit der Ureterdynamik von der Blasendynamik. Urologe 10, 83 (1971).Google Scholar
  207. Melchior, H., Diemer, K.F., Simhan, K., Lutzeyer, K., Lutzeyer, W.: Der EinfluB des autonomen Nervensystems auf die Ureterdynamik. Z. Urol. Nephrol. 64, 93 (1971).Google Scholar
  208. Melchior, H., Rathert, P.: Die Steuerung der Ureterperistaltik. In: Lutzeyer, W., Melchior, H. (Hrsg.): Ureterdynamik, S.32. Stuttgart: Thieme 1971.Google Scholar
  209. Melchior, H., Terhorst, B.: Die Wirkung sympathicotroper Substanzen auf die Ureterdynamik. Urologe 6, 348 (1969).Google Scholar
  210. Melchior, H., Lutzeyer, W.: Functional parameters of ureteral peristalsis. In: Lutzeyer, W., Melchior, H. (Eds.): Urodynamics, p. 71. Berlin - Heidelberg - New York: Springer 1973.Google Scholar
  211. Melick, W. F.: Ureteral pacemaker. In: Boyarsky, S., Gottschalk, C. W., Tanagho, E. A., Zimskind, P. D. (Eds.): Urodynamics, p.493. New York and London: Academic Press 1971.Google Scholar
  212. Melick, W. F., Karellos, D., Naryka, J. J.: Pressure studies of hydronephrosis in children by means of the strain gauge. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 85, 703 (1961).Google Scholar
  213. Melick, W. F., Naryka, J. J., Schmidt, J. H.: Experimental studies of ureteral peristaltic patterns in the pig: 1. Similarity of pig and human ureter and bladder physiology. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 85, 145 (1961).Google Scholar
  214. Mrrsuya, H., Asal, J., Suyama, K., Sal,E., Hosoe, K.: Cinefluorography of the upper urinary tract. Urol. into (Basel) 13, 236 (1962).Google Scholar
  215. Moore, T. D.: The value of the serial pyelography in diagnosis. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 28, 437 (1932).Google Scholar
  216. Morales, P. A.: Ureteral delivery and efflux. In: Boyarsky, S., Gottschalk, C. W., Tanagho, E. A., Zimskind, P. D., (Eds.): Urodynamics, p. 87. New York and London: Academic Press 1971.Google Scholar
  217. Morales, P. A., Crowder, Ch. H., Fishman, A. P., Maxwell, M. H.: The response of the ureter and pelvis to changing urine flow. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 67, 484 (1952).Google Scholar
  218. Murnaghan, G. F. M.: A method of recording the electrical activity of the isolated perfused ureter under controlled conditions. J. Physiol. (Lond.) 135, 32 P. (1957a).Google Scholar
  219. Murnaghan, G. F. M.: Experimental investigation of the dynamics of the normal and dilated ureter. Brit. J. Urol. 29, 403 (1957b).Google Scholar
  220. Murnaghan, G. F. M.: The dynamics of the renal pelvis and ureter with reference to congenital hydronephrosis. Brit. J. Urol. 30, 321 (1958).Google Scholar
  221. Nahoum, H., Souvegrain, J., Boureau, M.: Le reflux uretero-ureteral dans les bifidites ureterales, J. Radiol. Electrol46, 352 (1965).Google Scholar
  222. Narath, P. A.: Renal pelvis and ureter. New York: Grone and Stratton 1951.Google Scholar
  223. Narath, P. A.: The physiology of the renal pelvis and the ureter. In: Campbell, M. F.: Urology, Vol. I, p. 61. Philadelphia and London: Saunders 1954.Google Scholar
  224. Nesbit, R. M.: Diagnosis of intermittent hydronephrosis. Importance of pyelography during episodes of pain. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 75, 767 (1956).Google Scholar
  225. Nogrady, M. B., Dunbar, J. S., MacEwan, D. W.: The effect of bladder distention on the intravenous pyelogram - an experimental study. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 90, 37 (1963).Google Scholar
  226. Noix, M.: La radiocinematographie dans l'etude de la motricite de l'appareil urinaire normal et pathologique. Acta urol. belg. 26, 5 (1958). Weiteres Schrifttum siehe bei GAMPBELL 1966.Google Scholar
  227. Noix, M.: La physiologie et la physiopathologie de l'uretere par radiocinematographie. Acta urol. belg. 45, 61 (1977)Google Scholar
  228. Norberg, K. A., Sjoqvist, F.: New possibilities for adrenergic modulation of ganglionic transmission. Pharmacol. Rev. 18, 743 (1966).Google Scholar
  229. Notley, R. G.: Electron microscopy of the upper ureter and the pelvi-ureteric junction. Brit. J. Urol. 1968, 37.Google Scholar
  230. Notley, R. G.: Electron microscopic observations on human ureteric structure. In: Lutzeyer, W., Melchior, H., (Eds.): Urodynamics, p. 85. Berlin - Heidelberg - New York: Springer 1973.Google Scholar
  231. Notley, R. G.: Diskussionsbemerkungen. In: Lutzeyer, W., Melchior, H., (Eds.): Urodynamics, p. 96-97. Berlin - Heidelberg - New York: Springer 1973.Google Scholar
  232. Oeconomos, Sp.: Die SchlieBmuskeln der oberen Hamwege und ihre klinische Bedeutung. Z. Urol. 31, 610 (1937).Google Scholar
  233. Ostling, K.: The genesis of hydronephrosis particularly with regard to the changes at the ureteropelvic junction. Acta chir. scand. Suppl. 72 (1942).Google Scholar
  234. O’Grady, F., Cattell, W. R.: Kinetics of urinary tract infection. 1. Upper urinary tract. Brit. J. Urol. 38, 149 (1966).Google Scholar
  235. ONO, H.: Clinical study of the dynamics of the upper urinary tract. Jap. J. Urol. 30, 213 (1941).Google Scholar
  236. Owman, C., Sjostrand, N.O.: Short adrenergic neurons and catecholamine-containing cells in vas deference and accessory male genital glands of different mammals. Zellforschung 66, 300 (1965).Google Scholar
  237. Pajewski, M., Manor, A.: The enhanced pyelography by bladder distension and its diagnostic value. 20th Radiological Congress of the Israel Radiological Society Haifa, Israel, 29.4.77.Google Scholar
  238. Papin, E.: Pyelographic d'une hydronephRose pendant et apres la crise. J. Urol. Nephrol. 11, 246 (1921).Google Scholar
  239. Perlmann, S.: Zur Motilitatsprüfung der oberen Harnwege mittels einer neuen Methode. Zbl. Chir. 55, 458 (1928).Google Scholar
  240. Perlmann, S., Sauer, H. V.: Ober das Schicksal des Harnleiterstumpfes nach Nephrektomie. I. Klinischer Teil. Z. Urol. 24, 492 (1930).Google Scholar
  241. Pfeiffer, W.: Grundlagen der funktionellen urologischen Rontgendiagnostik. Stuttgart: Thieme 1949.Google Scholar
  242. Pflaumer, E.: Der Ureterstein, seine Diagnose und Behandlung. Münchner med. Wschr. 77, 1675 und 1717 (1930).Google Scholar
  243. Pflaumer, E., Hocker, H.: Ureterphysiologie und URoselectan. Deutsch. Z. Coo. 229, 309 (1930).Google Scholar
  244. Pick, E. J., Davis, R., Stacey, A. J.: Radiation dose in cinecystourethrography of the female. Brit. J. Radiol. 33, 451 (1960).Google Scholar
  245. Pick, E. J., Davis, R., Stacey, A. J.: Radiation dose in cinecystourethrography of the female. Brit. J. Radiol. 33, 451 (1960).Google Scholar
  246. Pierce, J. M., Braun, E.: Ureteral response to elevated intravesical pressures in humans. Surge Forum Xü, 482 (1960).Google Scholar
  247. Pirker, E.: Der Entleerungsmechanismus der Nierenbeckenkelchsysteme unter normalen und pathologischen Bedingungen. Radiol. aust. XVü, 295 (1968).Google Scholar
  248. Pollack, H. M.: Radiologic examination of the urinary tract. Publishers, Hagerstown (Maryland), New York, Evanston, San Francisco, London: Harper and Row 1972. Reprinted from Karafin and Kendalls Urology, Vol. I. In: Practice of Surgery. New York: Harper and Row, 1971.Google Scholar
  249. Prevot, R.: Intravenose gezielte Pyelographie. Fortschr. Rontgenstr, 59, 52 (1939).Google Scholar
  250. Primbs, K.: Untersuchungen über die Einwirkung von Bakterientoxinen auf den überlebenden Meerschweinchenureter. Z. urol. Chir. 1, 600 (1913).Google Scholar
  251. Protopopow, S. A.: Beitrage zur Anatomie und Physiologie der Ureteren. Arch. ges. Physiol. 66, 100 (1897).Google Scholar
  252. Puhl, H.: Die primare Dilatation des Harnleiters. Z. Urol. 28, 256 (1934).Google Scholar
  253. Puhl, H., Jacobi, H.: Ober „fixierte“ Schwangerschaftsatonie des Ureters. Z. urol. Chir. 35, 384 (1932).Google Scholar
  254. Rathert, P., Melchior, H.:Functional ureteral stenosis. In: Lutzeyer, W., Melchior, H., (Eds.): Urodynamics, p. 149. Berlin - Heidelberg - New York: Springer 1973.Google Scholar
  255. Rattner, W. H., FINK, S., Murphy, J. J.: Pressure studies in the human ureter and renal pelvis. J. Urol. 87, 359 (1957).Google Scholar
  256. Reboul, J.: Semiologie de la cinetique urinaire dans les anomalies de la jonction pyelo-ureterale. Ann. Radiol. 6, 535 (1963).Google Scholar
  257. Risholm, L.: Studies on renal colic and its treatment by posterior splanchnic block. Acta chir. scand. Suppl. 184, 1 (1954).Google Scholar
  258. Roberts, J. A.: Dynamics of the ureter - ureteral physiology in the monkey. In: Lutzeyer, W., Melchior, H. (Eds.): Urodynamics, p. 98. Berlin - Heidelberg - New York: Springer 1973.Google Scholar
  259. Roberts, J. A.: Funtional changes in peristalsis: Hydronephrosis of pregnancy. In: Lutzeyer, W., Melchior, H., (Eds.): Urodynamics, p. 118. Berlin - Heidelberg - New York: Springer 1973.Google Scholar
  260. Rose, J. G., Gilenwater, J. Y.: The effect of adrenergic and cholinergic agents and their blockers upon ureteral activity. Invest. Urol. 11, 439 (1974).Google Scholar
  261. Rose, J. G., Gilenwater, J. Y., Attinger, Francoise, Sim, P., Wyker, A.: Ureteral wall tension. Invest. Urol. 10, 480 (1973).Google Scholar
  262. Rose, D.J., Constantinou, C.E., Sands, J.P., Govan, D. E.: Dynamics of the upper urinary changes in bladder pressure on ureteral peristalsis. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 106, 209 (1971).Google Scholar
  263. Rubi, A., Sala, L., Althabe, 0.: Ureteral function in pregnant women. J. Reprod. Med. 8, 29 (1972).Google Scholar
  264. Ruhland, L.: Zur Innervation des Nierenbeckens und des Harnleiters bei tonogenen Funktionsstorungen. Z. Urol. 49,697 (1956a).Google Scholar
  265. Ruhland, L.: Die Bedeutung des peripheren Nervensystems für die Entstehung erworbener dystonischer Harnblasen. Z. Urol. 49, 197 (1956b).Google Scholar
  266. Runshauser, G.: Urodynamische Aspekte der akuten und der chronischen Harnstauung. In: Lutzeyer, W., Melchior, H., (Hrsg.): Ureterdynamik, S. 70. Stuttgart: Thieme 1971.Google Scholar
  267. Rutishauser, G. Graber, P.: Zur Harnwegsdynamik bei wechselndem UrinfluB. Urol. into (Basel) 16, 16 (1963).Google Scholar
  268. Sasaki, S.: Studies on action potentials of the upper urinary tract. Jap. Urol. 64, 363 (1973)Google Scholar
  269. Satani, Y.: Experimental studies of the ureter. Amer. J. Physiol. 49,474 (1919a).Google Scholar
  270. Satani, Y.: Experimental studies of the ureter. The cause of the ureteral contraction. Amer. J.Physiol. 50, 342 (1919b).Google Scholar
  271. v. Sauer, H.: Ober Ureteratonie. Arch. kline Chir. 166, 659 (1931).Google Scholar
  272. Schatzmann, H.J.: Erregung und Kontraktion glatter Vertebratenmuskeln. Ergebn. Physiol. 55, 28 (1964).Google Scholar
  273. Schick, E., Tanagho, E. A.: The effect of gravity on ureteral peristalsis. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 109, 187 (1973).Google Scholar
  274. Schirmeister, J., Schmidt, L., Soling, H. D.: Unterschiedlich hoher Ureterdruck in Abhangigkeit von der Diureseform beim Hund. Klin. Wschr, 39, 925 (1961).Google Scholar
  275. Schmidt, H.: Ober den EinfluB der Atmung auf die vegetativ gesteuerten Bewegungsvorgange an Magen und Duodenum. Med. Welt (Stuttg.) (N. F.), 18 2839-2844 (1967).Google Scholar
  276. Schmidt, H., Kaufmann, J.: Ober die normale undgestorte Motilitat des Ureters. Filmdemonstration auf dem KongreB der Deutschen Urologischen Gesellschaft, München, Oktober 1974.Google Scholar
  277. Schmidt, H., Kaufmann, J., Huland H.: Uber die Retroperistaltik des Harnleiters. Fortschr. Rontgenstr. 121, 459 (1974).Google Scholar
  278. Schmidt, H., Kaufmann, J., Tonariya, Y.: Ober .- die gestorte Uretermotilitat. Fortschr. Rontgenstr. no, 315 (1973).Google Scholar
  279. Schmidt, H., Oswald, K., Pollack, J. M.: Das Kolikurogramm. Zbl. Chir. 94, 607 (1969).Google Scholar
  280. Schmidt, H., Pollack, J. M., Oswald, K.: Radiologische Syrnptomatik der Kontrastmittelpassage durch den Ureter. I. Mitteilung: Die normale Passage. Fortschr. Rontgenstr, 110,446 (1969a), II. Mitteilung: Die gestorte Passage. Fortschr. Rontgenstr, 111, 96 (1969b).Google Scholar
  281. Schneider, W.: Die Muskulatur der oberen harnableitenden Wege. Z. Anat. Entwicklungsgesch. l09, 187 (1939).Google Scholar
  282. Schneider, D. H., Eichner, E., Gordon, M. P.: An attempt at production of hydronephrosis of pregnancy, artificially induced. Amer. J. Obstet. Gynec. 65, 660 (1953).Google Scholar
  283. Schreiter, F., Planz, K., Laese, W., Kunke, S., Kraus, F.: Elektromyographische Untersuchung am normalen und partiell gestauten Harnleiter des Kaninchens. Urol. into (Basel) 28, 268 (1973).Google Scholar
  284. Schreyer, H.: Rontgenphysiologie und -pathophysiologie. In: Vogler, E., (Hrsg.): Radiologische Diagnostik der Harnorgane, S. 188-218. Stuttgart: Thieme 1974.Google Scholar
  285. Schulman, C. C.: Electron microscopy of the human ureteric innervation. Brit. J. Urol. 46, 609 (1974).Google Scholar
  286. Schulman, C. C., Duarte-Escalante, O. Boyarsky, S.: The ureterovesical innervation. Brit. J. Urol. 44, 698 (1972).Google Scholar
  287. Schulman, C. C., Duarte-Escalante, Boyarsky, S.: The autonomic innervation of the ureter and uretero-vesical junction. In: Lutzeyer, W., Melchior, H. (Eds.): Urodynamics, p.90. Berlin Heidelberg - New York: Springer 1973.Google Scholar
  288. Schulman, C. C., Duarte-Escalante, 0., Boyarsky, S., GREGOIR, W.: New concepts of ureteral vesical innervation. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 109, 381 (1973).Google Scholar
  289. Schumacher, P.: Art und Ursachen der Veranderungen der oberen Harnwege bei der Pyelitis gravidarum. Zbl. Gynakol, 40, 2944 (1931).Google Scholar
  290. Schwalbe, G.: Zur Anatomie der Ureteren. Anatomischer Anzeiger. Erganzungsheft 12, 155 (1896).Google Scholar
  291. Shalit, S. H., Morales, P.: Ureteral activity in paraplegia. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 96, 875 (1966).Google Scholar
  292. Sharkey, J., Boyarsky, S., Labay, P., Martinez, J.: The in vivo effects of histamine and benadryl on the peristalsis of the canine ureter and plasma potassium levels. Invest. Urol. 2, 417 (1965).Google Scholar
  293. Shiratori, T., Kinoshita, H.: Electromyographic studies on urinary tract. üI. Influence of pinching and cutting the ureters of dogs on their EMGS. Tohoku J. expo Med. 73, 159 (1961).Google Scholar
  294. Shishito, S., Tsuchida, T., Sugawara, H.: Ureteral fuction in patients with pyelonephritis. Urol. into (Basel) 27, 219 (1972).Google Scholar
  295. Sielaff, H. J.: Zur Methodik und diagnostischen Bedeutung der Urokinematographie. RontgenBl. 14, 17 (1961).Google Scholar
  296. Sleator, W., Jr., Butcher, H. R., Jr.: Action potentials and pressure changes in ureteric peristaltic waves. Amer. i. Physiol. 80, 261 (1954/5).Google Scholar
  297. Sokeland, J.: Die hydrodynamischen Druckverhaltnisse der Harnstauung. Ann. Univ. sarav. Med. m, Fasc. 3, 113 (1966).Google Scholar
  298. Sokeland, J., May, P.: Elektromanometrische Messungen in Nierenbecken und Harnleiter. Urologe 5, 292 (1966).Google Scholar
  299. Sokeland, J., May, P.: Physiologische und pathophysiologische Gesichtspunkte der Elektromanometrie und Elektromyographie. In: Lutzeyer, W., Melchior, H. (Hrsg.): Ureterdynamik, S. 114. Stuttgart: Thieme 1971.Google Scholar
  300. Sokoloff, O., Luchsinger, B.: Zur Physiologie der Ureteren. Arch. ges. Physiol. 26,464 (1881).Google Scholar
  301. Steigleder, G. K.: Konstruktionsanalytische Untersuchungen an den ableitenden Harnwegen. Bruns' Beitr. klin. Chir. 178, 623 (1949).Google Scholar
  302. Stephens, E. D., Lenaghan, D.: The antonomical basis and dynamics of vesico-ureteral reflux. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 87, 669 (1962).Google Scholar
  303. Stoeckenius (1978): Personliche Mitteilung.Google Scholar
  304. Stohr,, Ph., Jr.: Zusammenfassende Ergebnisse tiber die normale und pathologische Histologie der sympathischen Ganglienzellen und der Endapparate im vegetativen Nervensystem. Ergebn. Anat. 33 (1941).Google Scholar
  305. Stohr,, Ph., Jr., Mollendorf, W. v., Goerttler, K.: Lehrbuch der Histologie und mikroskopischen Anatomie des Menschen. 27. Aufl. Jena: VEB Gustav Fischer Verlag 1955.Google Scholar
  306. Sussmann, L., Newman, A.: Urologic Radiology, Second edition. In: Golden's Diagnostic Radiology, Section 8. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins.Google Scholar
  307. Tanagho, E.A.: Ureteral embryology, developmental anatomy, and myology. In: Boyarsky, S., Gottschalk, C. W., Tanagho, E.A., Zimskind, P.D. (Eds.): Urodynamics, p. 6. New York and London: Academic Press 1971.Google Scholar
  308. Tanagho, E. A., Meyers, F. H.: Ureteral peristaltic activity. In: Boyarsky, S., Gottschalk, C. W., Tanagho, E. A., Zimskind, P. D. (Eds.): Urodynamics, p. 120. New York and London: Academic Press 1971.Google Scholar
  309. Tanagho, E. A., Meyers, F. H.: Neurophysiological theory of ureteral function. In: Boyarsky, S., Gottschalk, C. W., Tanagho, E. A., Zimskind, P.D. (Eds.): Urodynamics, p.255. New York and London: Academic Press 1971.Google Scholar
  310. Tanagho, E.A., Pugh, R.C.B.: The anatomy and function of the uretero-vesical junction. Brit. J. Urol. 35, 151 (1963).Google Scholar
  311. Teague, N., Boyarsky, S.: The effect of coliform bacilli upon ureteral peristalsis. Invest. Urol. 5, 423 (1968a).Google Scholar
  312. Teague, N., Boyarsky, S.: Further effects of coliform bacteria on ureteral peristalsis. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 99, 720 (1968b).Google Scholar
  313. Thelen, A.: Die Pathologie des Harnleiters im Rontgenbild. Stuttgart: Thieme 1949.Google Scholar
  314. Thiel, W.: Anatomie. In: Vogler, E.: Radiologische Diagnostik der Hamorgane. Stuttgart: Thieme 1974.Google Scholar
  315. Torbey, K., Leadbetier, W. F.: Innervation of the bladder and lower ureter. Studies on pelvic nerve section and stimulation in the dog. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 90, 395 (1963).Google Scholar
  316. Tratiner, H. R.: A method recording contractions of the intact human ureter. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 11, 477 (1924).Google Scholar
  317. Tratiner, H. R.: Graphic registration of the function of the human ureter with the hydrophorograph. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 28, 1 (1932).Google Scholar
  318. Tscholl, R., Osypka, P., Goetlin, J., Zigg, E.: Measurement of the velocity and rate of ureteral contractions with a video-integrator in a model, in animals, and in humans, peroperatively and with intact body surface. Invest. Urol. 12, 224 (1974).Google Scholar
  319. Tsuchida, S. T., Sakamoto, K., Labay, P., Boyarsky, S.: Electromyographic changes in ureteral peristalsis after standardized types of incision at the ureteropelvic junction. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 109, 366 (1973).Google Scholar
  320. Tsuchida, S. T., Shiratori, T., KUMINURI, E.: Postoperative recovery of ureteral peristalsis. Tohoku J. expo Med. 107, 15 (1972).Google Scholar
  321. Tsuchida, S. T., Someno, T., Nakano, N.: The ureteral function in neurogenic bladder patients. Tohoku J. expo Med. 95, 221 (1968).Google Scholar
  322. Tsuchida, S. T., Sugawara, H., Harata, T., Myamaguchi, O.: Intraluminal phasic pressure changes of the ureter recorded through a hypodermic needle inserted into the lumen. Jap. J. Smooth Muscle Res. 10, 33 (1974).Google Scholar
  323. Ulmsten, U., Diehl, J.: Investigation of ureteric function with simultaneous intraureteric pressure recordings and uretero-pyelography. Radiology 117, 283 (1975).Google Scholar
  324. Underwood, W. E.: Recent observations on the pathology of hydronephrosis. Proc. roy. Soc. Med.30, 817 (1937).Google Scholar
  325. Vereecken, R. L.: La physiologie et la pathophysiologie de I'uretere, Acta urol. belg. 43, 119-240 (1975).Google Scholar
  326. Vermooten, V., Wheeler, D. C.: Ureteral stricture. An experimental study: Some observations on the ureter above a point of partial obstruction. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 24, 269 (1930).Google Scholar
  327. Vidal, B., Giannoni, R.: SuI meccanismo fisiologico della escrezione pielo-ureterale. Friuli med. 20, 785 (1965).Google Scholar
  328. Van Wagenen, G., Jenkins, R.H.: An experimental examination of factors causing ureteral dilatation of pregnancy. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 42, 1010 (1939).Google Scholar
  329. VAN Wagenen, G., Jenkins, R.J.: Pyelo-ureteral dilatation in successive pregnancies. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 49, 228 (1943).Google Scholar
  330. VAN Wagenen, G., Jenkins, R. H.: Pyelo-ureteral dilatation of pregnancy after the death of the fetus. Amer. J. Obstet. Gynec. 56, 1146 (1948).Google Scholar
  331. Waldeyer, W.: Uber die sogenannte Ureterscheide. Verh. anat. Ges. Wien 1892, S. 259.Google Scholar
  332. Weaver, R. G.: Reabsorptive patterns and pressures in hydronephrosis with a clinical application. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 100, 112 (1968).Google Scholar
  333. Weinberg, S. R., Jaffrin, M., Shapiro, A.: Hydrodynamic model of ureteral function. In: Boyarsky, S., Gottschalk, C. W., Tanagho, E. A., Zimskind, P. D. (Eds.): Urodynamics, p.217. New York and London: Academic Press 1971.Google Scholar
  334. Weinberg, S. R., Maletta, T. J.: Measurement of peristalsis of the ureter and its relation to drugs. J. Amer. med. Ass. 175, 15 (1961).Google Scholar
  335. Weinberg, S. R., Peng, D. B. K.: Experimental production of obstructed ureters and evaluation of their activity. Invest. Urol. 2, 181 (1964).Google Scholar
  336. Weinberg, S. R., Siebens, A. A.: Activity of the ureter after surgery. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 80,326 (1958).Google Scholar
  337. Weiss, R. M.: Physiological organization of function with reference to a pacemaker. In: Boyarsky, S., Gottschalk, C. W., Tanagho, E.A., Zimskind, P. D. (Eds.): Urodynamics, p.26l. New York and London: Academic Press 1971.Google Scholar
  338. Wendel, R. M., King, L. R.: Ureteral peristalsis. Further observations on the effects of flow reversal. Invest. Urol. 10, 354 (1973).Google Scholar
  339. Westenhofer, M.: Ober die anatomischen Grundlagen meiner Melktheorie der Nierenkelche. Zbl. Gynak. 48, 2591 (1924).Google Scholar
  340. Wildbolz, H.: Experimentelle Studie tiber aszendierende Nierentuberkulose. Folia urologica 3.Google Scholar
  341. Wislocki, G.B., O’Connor, V.J.: Experimental observations upon the ureters, with a special reference to peristalsis and antiperistalsis. Bull. Johns Hopk. Hosp. 31, 197 (1920).Google Scholar
  342. Wislocki, G.B., O’Connor, V.J.: Experimental observations upon the ureters. Amer. J. Physiol. 55, 316 (1921).Google Scholar
  343. Wokressensky, G.: Zur Frage der Entstehung der sogenannten atonischen Harnleiter. Z. Urol. 1921,120.Google Scholar
  344. Wolf, R., Schmidt, K. J.: Die Strahlenbelastung bei der Nierenszintigraphie. Fortschr. Rontgenstr, 112, 389 (1970).Google Scholar
  345. Wu, P. P. T.: The relative activity of various portions of the excised ureter of the dog. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 30, 207 (1933).Google Scholar
  346. Wullenweber, G.: Untersuchungen über die Druckverhaltnisse in Blase, Ureter und Nierenbecken (besonders wahrend der Schwangerschaft). Dtsch. Arch. klineMed.16S, 296 (1929).Google Scholar
  347. Wullenweber, G.: Die Dynamik der abführenden Harnwege im Lichte kymographischer Untersuchungen. Z. Urol. 31,339 (1937).Google Scholar
  348. Yalla, V. S., Burros, H. M., Zimskind, P. D.: Peristaltic behaviour of disused ureteral stump. Urology1, 417 (1973).Google Scholar
  349. Zanne, D. D.: Experimentelle Studien zur Dynamik der oberen Harnwege. Z. Urol. 30, 841 (1936).II;. Mitteilung. Z. Urol. 31, 170 (1937). üI. Mitteilung. Z. Urol. 31, 463 (1937).Google Scholar
  350. Zanne, D. D.: Neue Untersuchungen über die Innervation des Harnleiters. Allgemeines zur Physiologie der glatten Muskelfaser. Z. Urol. 32, 152 (1938).Google Scholar
  351. Zimskind, P. D.: The renal pelvis and calyces. In: Boyarsky, S., Gotischalk, C. W., Tanagho, E.A., Zimskind, P.D. (Eds.): Urodynamics, p. 61. New York and London: Academic Press 1971a.Google Scholar
  352. Zimskind, P. D.: The relation of ureteral function to urine flow: Backflow mechanisms. In: Boyarsky, S., Gotischalk, C. W., Tanagho, E. A., Zimskind, P. D. (Eds.): Urodynamics, p. 293. New York and London: Academic Press 1971b.Google Scholar
  353. Zimskind, P. D.: Diagnostic methods for ureteral peristalsis: Critique and limitations. In: Boyarsky, S., Gotischalk, C. W., Tanagho, E.A., Zimskind, P. D. (Eds.): Urodynamics, p. 339. New York and London: Academic Press 1971.Google Scholar
  354. Zimskind, P. D.: The influence of bladder dynamics on ureteral dynamics. In: Lutzeyer, W., Melchior,H., (Hsgb.): Urodynamics, p. 154. Berlin - Heidelberg - New York: Springer 1973.Google Scholar
  355. Zimskind, P. D., Davis, D. N., Decaestecker, J. E.: Effects of bladder filling on ureteral dynamics. J. Urol. (Baltimore) 102, 393 (1969).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hermann Schmidt
    • 1
  1. 1.Allgemeines Krankenhaus AltonaStrahlendiagnostische AbteilungHamburg 50Germany

Personalised recommendations