Advertisement

Keywords

Placental Transfer Fetal Membrane Ovarian Blood Flow Placental Labyrinth Parietal Endoderm Cell 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Amoroso, E. C: Placentation. In: Marshall’s, Physiology of reproduction. London: Longmans, Green & Co. 1952.Google Scholar
  2. Anderson, J. W., Leissring, J. C.: The transfer of serum proteins from mother to young in the guinea pig. II. Histochemistry of tissues involved in prenatal transfer. Amer. J. Anat. 109, 157–174(1961).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Asai, T.: Zur Entwicklung und Histophysiologie des Dottersacks der Nager mit Entypy des Keim felds. Anat. Hefte 51, 467–641 (1914).Google Scholar
  4. Bailey, D. J.: Counter-current flow of maternal and fetal bloodstreams of guinea pig placenta. J. Physiol. (Paris) 242, 104P (1974).Google Scholar
  5. Barnes, J. M.: Antitoxin transfer from mother to foetus in the guinea pig. J. Path. Bact. 77, 371–380(1959).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Bartels, H., Yassin El, D., Reinhardt, W.: Comparative studies of placental gas exchange in guinea pigs, rabbits and goats. Resp. Physiol. 2, 149–162 (1967).Google Scholar
  7. Bischoff, Th. L. W.: Entwicklung des Meerschweinchens. Diss. Univ. Giessen 1852.Google Scholar
  8. Bischoff, Th. L. W.: Neue Beobachtungen zur Entwicklungsgeschichte des Meerschweinchens. Abh. Bayr. Akad. Wiss. Math. Phys. Kl. X, München 1866.Google Scholar
  9. Bjellin, L., Sjöquist, P.-O. B., Carter, A. M.: Uterine, maternal placental and ovarian blood flow throughout pregnancy in the guinea pig. Z. Geburtsh. Perinat. 179, 179–187 (1975).Google Scholar
  10. Blandau, R. J.: Observations on implanation of the guinea pig ovum. Anat. Rec. 103, 19–47 (1949a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Blandau, R. J.: Embryo-endometrial interrelationship in the rat and guinea pig. Anat. Rec. 104, 331–359 (1949b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Brunings, E. A., de Priester, W.: Effect of mode of fixation on formation of extrusions in the midgut epithelium of Calliphora. Cytobiology 4, 487–491 (1971).Google Scholar
  13. Carpenter, S. J., Ferm, V. H.: Uptake and storage of thorotrast by the rodent yolk sac placenta: An electron microscopic study. Amer. J. Anat. 125, 429–456 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Carstensen, M., Leichtweiß, H. P., Schröder, H.: Zellpotentiale und Natrium-Kaliumverteilung in der Meerschweinchenplacenta. Arch. Gynäk. 215, 305–313 (1973).Google Scholar
  15. Caulfield, J. B.: Effects of varying the vehicle for OsO4 in tissue fixation. J. biophys. biochem. Cytol. 3, 827–829(1957).PubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Christie, G. A.: Comparative histochemical distribution of glycogen and alkaline phosphatase in the placenta. Histochemie 9, 93–116 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Christie, G. A.: Comparative histochemical studies on carbohydrate, lipid and RNA metabolism in the placenta and fetal membranes. J. Anat. (Lond.) 103, 91–112 (1968).Google Scholar
  18. Creighton, C: On the formation of the placenta in the guinea pig. J. Anat. Physiol. 12, 534–590 (1878).PubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Dallam, R. D.: J. Histochem. Cytochem. 5, 178 (1957)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. cit.: Pearse, A. G. E.: Histochemistry, Theoretical and Applied Vol. I. London: Churchill Ltd. 1968.Google Scholar
  21. Dancis, J.: In: The placenta and fetal membranes (ed. C. A. Villee). New York: Williams & Wilkins Co., 1960.Google Scholar
  22. Dancis J.: The perfusion of guinea pig placenta in situ. Fed. Proc. 23, 781–784 (1964).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Dancis, J., Brenner, M. A., Money, W. L.: Some factors affecting the permeability of guinia pig pla centa. Amer. J. Obstet. Gynec. 84, 570–576 (1962).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Dancis, J., Money, L.: Transfer of sodium and iodo-antipyrine across guinea pig placenta with an in situ perfusion technique. Amer. J. Obstet. Gynec. 80, 215–220 (1960).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Davidoff, M.: Elektronenmikroskopische Charakteristik und Histochemie der reifen Meerschwein chenplacenta und der Placenta während der Entwicklung. Diss. (bulg.) Sofia 1970.Google Scholar
  26. Davidoff, M.: The guinea pig placenta: fine structure and development. Acta anat. (Basel) 86, supp. 23–46 (1973).Google Scholar
  27. Davidoff, M. Gospodinov, Chr.: Histochemische Untersuchungen über die Aktivität einiger Hydroxisteroiddehydrogenasen in der Meerschweinchenplacenta während der Entwicklung. Histochemie 28,198–204 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Davidoff, M., Schiebler, T. H.: Über den Feinbau der reifen Meersehweinchenplacenta. Z. Anat. Entwickl.-Gesch. 130, 216–233 (1970a).Google Scholar
  29. Davidoff, M., Schiebler, T. H.: Über den Feinbau der Meerschweinchenplacenta während der Ent wicklung. Z. Anat. Entwickl.-Gesch. 130, 234–254 (1970b).Google Scholar
  30. Davies, J.: Histochemistry of the rabbit placenta. J. Anat. (Lond.) 90, 135–142 (1956).PubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  31. Davies, J., Dempsey, E. W., Amoroso, E. C: The subplacenta of the guinea pig, an electron micro scope study. J. Anat. (Lond.) 95, 311–324 (1961a).Google Scholar
  32. Davies, J., Dempsey, E. W., Amoroso, E. C: The subplacenta of the guinea pig: development, histology and histochemistry. J. Anat. (Lond.) 95, 457–473 (1961b).Google Scholar
  33. De Duve, C, Wattiaux, R.: Functions of lysosomes. Ann. Rev. Physiol. 28, 435–492 (1966).Google Scholar
  34. Dempsey, E. W.: Electron microscopy of the visceral yolk sac epithelium of the guinea pig. Amer. J. Anat. 93, 331–364(1953).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Diczfalusy, E., Mancuso. S.: Oestrogen metabolism in pregnancy. In: Foetus and placenta (eds. A. Kloper and E. Diczfalusy), p. 191–248. Oxford and Edinburgh: Blackwell Sc. Publ. 1969.Google Scholar
  36. Disse, J.: Die Eikammer bei Nagern, Insektivoren und Primaten. Ergebn. Anat. Entwickl.-Gesch. 15, 530–580(1905).Google Scholar
  37. Douglas, T. A., Renton, J. P., Wright, R.: Role of transferrin in the placental transfer of iron in the rabbit. Amer. J. Obstet. Gynec. 102, 1169–1172 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Draper, R. L.: The prenatal growth of the guinea pig. Anat. Rec. 18, 369–392 (1920).Google Scholar
  39. Duval, M.: Le placenta des rongeurs, II. De l’inversion des feuillets chez les rongeurs. J. Anat. (Paris) 26, 521–592 (1890).Google Scholar
  40. Duval, M.: Le placenta des rongeurs. III. Le placenta de la souris et du rat. J. Anat. (Paris) 27, 24–96; 344-395; 515-612 (1891).Google Scholar
  41. Duval, M.: Le placenta des rongeurs. IV. Le placenta du cochon d’Inde. J. Anat. (Paris) 28, 58–408(1892).Google Scholar
  42. Egund, N., Carter, A. M.: Uterine and placental circulation in the guinea pig: An angiographic study. J. Reprod. Fertil. 40, 401–410 (1974).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Enders, A. C: A comparative study of the fine structure of the trophoblast in several hemochorial placentas. Amer. J. Anat. 116, 29–68 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. Enders, A. C, King, B.: The cytology of Hofbauer cells. Anat. Rec. 167, 231–252 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. Enders, A. C, Schlafke, S.: Cytological aspects of trophoblast-uterine interaction in early implanta tion. Amer. J. Anat. 125, 1–30 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. Ercolani, G. B.: Sull’ unita del tipo anatomico della placenta nei mammiferi. Bologna 1879 Cit.: Duval (1892).Google Scholar
  47. Faber, J., Hart, F. M.: The rabbit placenta as an organ of diffusional exchange. Comparison with other species by dimensional analysis. Circulat. Res. 19, 816–833 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. Fawcett, D. W.: Atlas zur Elektronenmikroskopie der Zelle. München-Berlin-Wien: Urban und Schwarzenberg, 1973.Google Scholar
  49. Ferguson, M. M., Christie, G. A.: Distribution of hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases in the placentae and foetal membranes of various mammals. J. Endocr. 38, 291–306 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. Fischer, W. M.: Das Strombahnsystem und der Austausch der Atemgase in der Meerschweinchen plazenta. Verh. d. Anat. Ges. 62. Vers. Anat. Anz. 121 Suppl. 241–248 (1968).Google Scholar
  51. Fischer, W. M., Vogel, H. R., Thews, G.: Der Säure-Basenstatus und die CO2-Transportfunktion des mütterlichen und fetalen Blutes zum Zeitpunkt der Geburt. Pflügers Arch. ges. Physiol. 286, 220(1965).Google Scholar
  52. Folkart, G. R., Dancis, J., Money, W. L.: Transfer of carbohydrates across guinea pig placenta. Amer. J. Obstet. Gynec. 80, 221–223 (1960).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. Franke, H. F.: Feinstruktur der Placenta. Jena: VEB Gustav Fischer 1969.Google Scholar
  54. Fuchs, F.: The red cell volume of the maternal and foetal vessels of the guinea pig placenta. Acta physiol. scand. 28, 162–171 (1953).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. Fuchs, F., Fuchs, R.: Studies on the placental transfer of phosphate in the guinea pig. Acta physiol. scand. 38, 391–397 (1957a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  56. Fuchs, F., Fuchs R.: Studies on the placenta and their uptake of radioactive phosphorus. Acta physiol. scand. 39, 277–285 (1957b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. Gerebtzoff, M.-A.: Nouvelles recherches histochimiques sur l’acetylcholinesterase dans le placenta de cobaye. Ann. Histochim. 2, 3–10 (1957).Google Scholar
  58. Goutier-Pirotte, M., Gerebtzoff, M.-A.: L’acetylcholinesterase dans le placenta du cobaye. Premiers resultats de recherches histochimiques. Arch. int. Physiol. Biochem. 63, 445–457 (1955).Google Scholar
  59. Grosser, O.: Vergleichende Anatomie und Entwicklungsgeschichte der Eihäute und der Placenta. Wien und Leipzig: Wilhelm Braumüller 1909.Google Scholar
  60. Grosser, O.: Frühentwicklung, Eihautbildung und Placentation des Menschen und der Säugetiere. In: Deutsche Frauenheilkunde. Geburtshilfe, Gynäkologie und Nachbargebiete in Einzeldar stellungen. München: J. F. Bergmann 1927.Google Scholar
  61. Hard, W. L.: A histochemical and quantitative study of phosphatase in the placenta and fetal mem branes of the guinea pig. Amer. J. Anat. 78, 47–78 (1946).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  62. Hensen, V.: Beobachtungen über die Befruchtung mit Entwicklung des Kaninchens und Meer schweinchens. Z. Anat. Entwickl.-Gesch. 1, 212 (1876).Google Scholar
  63. Hensen, V.: Ein frühes Stadium des im Uterus des Meerschweinchens festgewachsenen Eies. Arch. Anat. Physiol., Anat. Abt. 60-70 (1883).Google Scholar
  64. Herrmann, E., Stolper, L.: Ein Beitrag zur Entwicklung des Meerschweinchens. Verh. dtsch. Gynek. Gesch. 1903 (1904).Google Scholar
  65. Herrmann, E., Stolper, L.: Zur Syncytiogenese beim Meerschweinchen. Sitzungsber. d. Kais. Akad. d. Wiss. Math. naturwiss. Kl. Abtl. III 114 (1905).Google Scholar
  66. Hill, P. M. M., Young, M.: Net placental transfer of free amino acids against varying concentrations, J. Physiol. 235, 409–422 (1973).PubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  67. Hopsu, V. K., Ruponen, S., Talanti, S.: Leucine aminopeptidase in the placenta of the rat. Acta histochem. (Jena) 12, 305–309 (1961).Google Scholar
  68. Ibsen, H. L.: Prenatal growth in guinea pigs with special reference to environmental factors affect ing weight at birth. J. exp. Zool. 51, 51–91 (1928).Google Scholar
  69. Janiak, I.: Das endokrine System bei der Fortpflanzung der Versuchs-und Nutztiere und des Menschen. Hannover: Verlag M. & H. Schaper 1971.Google Scholar
  70. Jollie, W.: Fine structural changes in placental labyrinth of the rat with increasing gestational age. J. Ultrastruct. Res. 10, 27–47 (1964).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  71. Kaiser, W., Kaufmann, P.: Die Ultrastruktur der reifen Meerschweinchenplacenta in Abhängigkeit von Fixationsmittel und Fixationsmethode (in prep. 1977).Google Scholar
  72. Kaufmann, P.: Die Meerschweinchenplacenta und ihre Entwicklung. Z. Anat. Entwickl.-Gesch. 129, 83–101 (1969a).Google Scholar
  73. Kaufmann, P.: Über polypenartige Vorwölbungen an Zell-und Syncytiumoberflächen in reifen menschlichen Placenten. Z. Zellforsch. 102, 266–272 (1969b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  74. Kaufmann, P.: Untersuchungen über die Langhanszellen in der menschlichen Placenta. Z. Zell forsch. 128,283–302(1972).Google Scholar
  75. Kaufmann, P.: Die Morphologie der Meerschweinchenplacenta. Vortrag auf dem Perinatologen-kongress, Berlin 1973.Google Scholar
  76. Kaufmann, P.: Die Morphologie der Meerschweinchenplacenta nach Monojodacetat-und Fluorid-vergiftung: Experimente zur Infarktgenese. Vortrag auf dem Perinatologenkongress, Berlin 1973b.Google Scholar
  77. Kaufmann, P.: Perfusionshistochemische und experimentelle Untersuchungen zum Energiestoff wechsel der Placenta. Vortrag auf der 68. Versammlung der Anatomischen Gesellschaft, Lausanne 1973. Verh. anat. Gesch. (Jena) 68, 283–287 (1974).Google Scholar
  78. Kaufmann, P.: Über die Bedeutung von Plasmaprotrusionen an reifenden und alternden Zellen. Verh. anat. Ges. (Jena) 69, 307–312 (1975a).Google Scholar
  79. Kaufmann, P.: Experiments on infarct genesis caused by blockage of carbohydrate metabolism in guinea pig placentae. Virchows Arch. path. Anat. 368, 11–21 (1975b).Google Scholar
  80. Kaufmann, P., Schiebler, T. H., Ciobotaru, C, Stark, J.: Enzymhistochemische Untersuchungen an reifen menschlichen Placentazotten. II. Zur Gliederung des Syncytiotrophoblasten. Histo-chemistry 40, 191–207 (1974).Google Scholar
  81. Kaufmann, P., Thorn, W., Jenke, B.: Die Morphologie der Meerschweinchenplacenta nach Monojo dacetat-und Fluorid-Vergiftung. Arch. Gynäk. 216, 185–203 (1974).Google Scholar
  82. Kayden, H.: Transfer of lipids across the guinea pig placenta. Exerpta. med. (Amst.), Series 170,13(1968).Google Scholar
  83. Kayden, H., Dancis, J., Money, W. L.: Transfer of lipids across the guinea pig placenta. Amer. J. Obstet, Gynec. 104, 564–572 (1969).Google Scholar
  84. King, B. F.: Differentiation of parietal endoderm cells of the guinea pig yolk sac, with particular reference to the development of the endoplasmic reticulum. Develop. Biol. 26, 547–559 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  85. King, B. F.: The permeability of the guinea pig parietal yolk sac placenta to peroxidase and ferritin. Amer. J. Anat. 134, 365–376, (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  86. King, B. F., Enders, A. C: Transport of horseradish peroxidase by the guinea pig visceral yolk sac. Anat. Rec. 166, 331 (1970a).Google Scholar
  87. King, B. F., Enders, A. C: The fine structure of the guinea pig visceral yolk sac placenta. Amer. J. Anat. 127, 397–414 (1970b).Google Scholar
  88. King, B. F., Enders, A. C: Protein absorption and transport by the guinea pig visceral yolk sac placenta. Amer. J. Anat. 129, 261–288 (1970c).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  89. King, B. F., Enders, A. C: Protein absorption by the guinea pig choriollantoic placenta. Amer. J. Anat. 130, 409–430(1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  90. King, B. F., Tibbitts, F. D.: The fine structure of the chinchilla placenta. Amer. J. Anat. 145, 33–56(1976).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  91. Krzyzowska-Gruca, St., T. H. Schiebler: Experimentelle Untersuchungen am Dottersackepithel der Ratte. Z. Zellforsch. 79, 157–171 (1967).Google Scholar
  92. Künzel, W., Moll, W.: Uterine O2 consumption and blood flow of the pregnant uterus. Experiments in pregnant guinea pigs. Z. Geburtsh. Perinat. 176, 108–117 (1972).Google Scholar
  93. Larsen, J. F.: Electron microscopy of the chorioallantoic placenta of the rabbit. I. The placental labyrinth and the multinucleate giant cells of the intermediate zone. J. Ultrastruct. Res. 7, 535–549 (1963a).Google Scholar
  94. Larsen, J. F.: Histology and fine structure of the avascular and vascular yolk sac placentae and the obplacental giant cells in the rabbit. Amer. J. Anat. 112, 269–284 (1963b).Google Scholar
  95. Laulanie, F.: Sur le processus vaso-formatif qui preside a l’edification de la zone fonctionelle du placenta maternel dans le cobaye. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 3, 506–509 (1886).Google Scholar
  96. Leichtweiß, H.-P., Schröder, H.: Untersuchungen über den Glukosetransport durch die isolierte, beiderseits künstlich perfundierte Meerschweinchenplacenta. Pflügers Arch. ges. Physiol. 325, 139–148(1971).Google Scholar
  97. Leichtweiß, H.-P., Schröder, H.: Personal communication 1976.Google Scholar
  98. Leissring, J. C, Anderson, J. W.: The transfer of serum proteins from mother to young in the guinea pig. I. Prenatal rates and routes. Amer. J. Anat. 109, 149–155 (1961).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  99. Levitz, M., Condon, G. P., Money, W., Dancis, J.: The relative transfer of estrogens and their sulfates across the guinea pig placenta: Sulfurylation of Estrogens by the placenta. J. biol. Chem. 235, 949–954 (1960).Google Scholar
  100. Luft, J. H., Wood, R. L.: The extraction of tissue protein during and after fixation with osmium tetroxide in various buffer systems. J. Cel. Biol. 19, 46A (1963).Google Scholar
  101. Manning, P., Inglis, R., Green, S., Fishman, W.: Characterization of placental alkaline phosphatase from the rabbit, guinea pig, mouse and hamster. Enzymologia 39, 307–318 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  102. Maunsbach, A. B.: The influence of different fixatives and fixation methods on the ultrastructure of rat kidney proximal tubule cells. I. Comparison of different perfusion fixation methods and of glutaraldehyde, formaldehyde and osmium tetroxide fixatives. J. Ultrastruct. Res. 15, 242–282 (1966a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  103. Maunsbach, A. B.: Effects of varying osmolality, ionic strength, buffer systems and fixative con centration of glutaraldehyde solutions. J. Ultrastruct. Res. 15, 283–309 (1966b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  104. Minot, C. S.: Uterus and Embryo. I. Rabbit, II. Man. J. Morph. 2, 341–460 (1889).Google Scholar
  105. Moll, W., Künzel, W.: Blood pressures in the uterine vascular system of anaesthetized pregnant guinea pigs. Pflügers Arch. 330, 310–322 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  106. Moll, W., Künzel, W.: The blood pressure in arteries entering the placentae of guinea pigs, rats, rabbits, and sheep. Pflügers Arch. ges. Physiol. 338, 125–131 (1973).Google Scholar
  107. Moll, W., Künzel, W., Ross, H.-G.: Gas exchange of the pregnant uterus of anaesthetized and unanaesthetized guinea pigs. Resp. Physiol. 8, 303–310 (1970).Google Scholar
  108. Money, W. L.; Dancis, J.: Technique for the in situ study of placental transport in the pregnant guinea pig. Amer. J. Obst. Gynec. 80, 209–214 (1960).Google Scholar
  109. Mossman, H. W.: The rabbit placenta and the problem of placental transmission. Amer. J. Anat. 37,433–497(1926).Google Scholar
  110. Mossman, H. W.: The comparative morphogenesis of the foetal membranes and accessory uterine structures. Contr. Embryol. Carneg. Instn. 26, 129–247 (1937).Google Scholar
  111. Mossman, H. W.: In: “Gestation” (ed. C. A. Villee) New York: Josiah Macy Jr., Foundation, 1959.Google Scholar
  112. Müller, G., Fischer, W. M.: Über den fetalen und maternen Blutkreislauf in der Meerschweinchen plazenta. Anat. Anz., Erg. Heft. 121, 231–239 (1968).Google Scholar
  113. Padykula, H.: A histochemical and quantitative study of enzymes in the rat’s placenta. J. Anat. (Lond.) 92, 118–129 (1958).Google Scholar
  114. Padykula, H. A., Deren, J. J., Wilson, T. H.: Development of structure and function in the mamalian yolk sac. I. Developmental morphology and vitamin B12 uptake of the rat yolk sac. Develop. Biol. 13, 311–348 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  115. Palade, G. E.: A study of fixation for electron microscopy. J. exp. Med. 95, 285–297 (1952).PubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  116. Pease, D. C: Histological techniques for electron microscopy. Sec. edition. New York and London: Academic Press 15–81, 1960.Google Scholar
  117. Perrotta, C. A.: Fetal membranes of the Canadian porcupine, erethizon dorsatum. Amer. J. Anat. 104, 35–39 (1959).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  118. Perrotta, C. A., Lewis, P. R.: A histochemical study of placental esterases in the guinea pig and in the human. J. Anat. (Lond.) 92, 110–117 (1958).Google Scholar
  119. Petry, G., Kühnel, W.: Histotopographische und cytologische Studien an den Embryonalhüllen des Meerschweinchens. Z. Zellforsch. 59, 625–662 (1963).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  120. Petry, G., Kühnel, W.: Der Feinbau des Dottersackepithels und dessen Beziehung zur Eiweißresorp tion (Kaninchen). Z. Zellforsch. 65, 27–46 (1965).Google Scholar
  121. Piziak, V. K., Gavienowski, A.M.: Biosynthesis of progesterone from endogenous steroid precursor by the guinea-pig-placenta. J. Reprod. Fertil. 32, 283–285 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  122. Ponse, K., Weihs, D., Libert, O., Dovaz, R.: Trophoblastomes ovariens et leur activite endocrine chez le cobaye. Acta endocr. (Kbh.) 17, 355–365 (1954).Google Scholar
  123. Pytler, R., Strasser, H.: Die Vorgänge im Meerschweinchenuterus von der Inokulation bis zur Bildung des Plazentardiskus. Z. Ges. Anat. 76, 386–420 (1925).Google Scholar
  124. Read, M.: The intra-uterine growth-cycles of the guinea pig. Arch. Entwickl.-Mech. Org. 35, 708–724(1913).Google Scholar
  125. Reale, E., Pipino, G.: La distribuzione della succinodeidrogenasi nella placenta di alcuni mammiferi. Studio istochimico. Arch. ital. Anat. Embriol. 64, 318–356 (1959).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  126. Reichert, C. B.: Über die Bildung der hinfälligen Häute der Gebärmutter und deren Verhältnisse zur Placenta uterina. Müllers Arch. 1848.Google Scholar
  127. Reichert, C. B.: Beiträge zur Entwicklungsgeschichte des Meerscheinchens. Abh. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1861.Google Scholar
  128. Reichert, C. B.: Entwicklungsgeschichte des Meerschweinchens. Abh. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1862.Google Scholar
  129. Reynolds, L., Young, M.: The transfer of free α-amino nitrogen across the placental membrane in the guinea pig. J. Physiol. (Paris) 214, 583–597 (1971).Google Scholar
  130. Roberts, C. M., Perry, J. S.: Histricomorph embryology. Symp. zool. Soc. (London) 34, 333–360 (1974).Google Scholar
  131. Rood, J. P., Weir, J.: Reproduction in female wild guinea pigs. J. Reprod. Fertil. 23, 393–409 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  132. Sabatini, D. D., Bensch, K. G., Barnett, R. J.: New means of fixation for electron microscopy and histochemistry. Anat. Rec. 142, 274 (1962).Google Scholar
  133. Sabatini, D. D., Bensch, K. G., Barnett, R. J.: The preservation of cellular ultrastructure and enzymatic activity by aldehyde fixation J. Cell. Biol. 17, 19–58 (1963).PubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  134. Sax, G., Kaufmann, P.: Enzymhistochemie der Meerschweinchen-Subplacenta. Acta. Anat. in press (1977).Google Scholar
  135. Schiebler, T. H., Knoop, A.: Histochemische und elektronenmikroskopische Untersuchungen an der Rattenplacenta. Z. Zellforsch. 50, 494–552 (1959).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  136. Schiebler, T. H., Kaufmann, P.: Über die Gliederung der menschlichen Placenta. Z. Zellforsch. 102, 242–265 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  137. Schiechl, H.: Der Chemismus der OsO4-Fixierung und sein Einfluß auf die Zellstruktur. Acta Histo-chem. Suppl. X, 165–171 (1971).Google Scholar
  138. Schneider, S., Kaufmann, P.: Einflüsse des Fixationsmodus auf die Ultrastruktur der Rattenniere. (in prep. 1977).Google Scholar
  139. Schniewind, H., Asshauer, E.: Die Hämodynamik des fetalen und maternen Placentakreislaufes des Meerschweinchens. Arch. Gynäk. 198, 93–99 (1962).Google Scholar
  140. Schröder, H.: Hämodynamik und Stofftransport in der Placenta, Untersuchungen an der isolierten Meerschweinchenplacenta. Habilitationsschrift, Hamburg 1975.Google Scholar
  141. Schröder, H., Leichtweiß, H.-P., Madee, W.: The transport of D-glucose, L-glucose and D-mannose across the isolated guinea pig placenta. Pflügers Arch. ges. Physiol. 356, 261–275 (1975).Google Scholar
  142. Schröder, H., Stolp, W., Leichtweiß, H.-P.: Measurements of Na+-transport in the isolated, artifi cially perfused guinea pig placenta. Amer. J. Obstet. Gynec. 114, 51–58 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  143. Seelig, H.-P., Römheld, R.: Untersuchungen zur histochemischen Lokalisation der Leucin-und Cystinaminopeptidase (Oxytocinase) in der Placenta. Histochem. 18, 30–39 (1969).Google Scholar
  144. Selenka: Studien zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der Tiere. Die Keimblattumkehr im Ei der Nagetiere. Wiesbaden 1884.Google Scholar
  145. Shepherd, J. T., Whelan, R. F.: The blood flow in the umbilical cord of the fetal guinea pig. J. Physiol. (Paris) 115, 150–157 (1951).Google Scholar
  146. Simmer, H. H.: Placental hormones. In: Biology of gestation (ed. N. S. Assali) Vol. I. The maternal organism. P. 290–354. New York, London: Academic Press 1968.Google Scholar
  147. Smith R. E., Farquhar, M. G.: Lysosome function in the regulation of the secretory process in cells of the anterior pituitary gland. J. Cell. Biol. 31, 319–347 (1966).PubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  148. Spee, G. F. v.: Beitrag zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der frühen Stadien des Meerschweinchens bis zur Vollendung der Keimblase. Arch. Anat. Entwickl. Gesch. 44-60 (1883).Google Scholar
  149. Spee, G. F. v.: Vorgänge bei der Implantation des Meerschweinchens in die Uteruswand. Verh. anat. Ges. (Jena) 131-136 (1896).Google Scholar
  150. Spee, G. F. v.: Die Implantation des Meerschweinchens in die Uteruswand. Z. Morph. Antrop. 3, 130–182(1901).Google Scholar
  151. Spiegel, A.: Versuchstiere. Stuttgart: Gustav Fischer Verlag, 1976.Google Scholar
  152. Stara, J., Nelson, N., Hoar, R.: 131 J-uptake by pregnant guinea pigs an their fetusses during early embryogenesis. Anat. Rec. 160, 433 (1968).Google Scholar
  153. Starck, D.: Embryologie. 3. Aufl. Stuttgart: Georg Thieme Verlag, 1975.Google Scholar
  154. Stark, J., Kaufmann, P.: Semidünnschnitt-cytochemische Untersuchungen zum Transport und Stoffwechsel von Kohlenhydraten in Placentazotten. Verh. anat. Ges. (Jena) 67, 251–256 (1973).Google Scholar
  155. Stark, J., Kaufmann, P.: Infarktgenese in der Placenta. Arch. Gynäk. 217, 189–208 (1974).Google Scholar
  156. Stelter, U., Kaufmann, P.: Morphometrie der Meerschweinchenplacenta (in prep. 1977).Google Scholar
  157. Tahmisian, T. N.: Use of the freezing point method to adjust the tonicity of fixing solutions. J. Ultrastruct. Res. 10, 182–188 (1964).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  158. Thomsen, K., Schniewind, H., Schultze-Mosgau, H., Krämer, M., Jost, U.: Technik und Hämodynamik der beidseitigen Perfusion der Meerschweinchenplacenta in vivo. Arch. Gynäk. 203, 226–233 (1966).Google Scholar
  159. Thorn, W., Kaufmann, P., Müldener, B.: Kohlenhydratumsatz, Energiedefizit und Plasmapolypen bildung in der Placenta nach Vergiftung mit Monojodacetat und NaF. Arch. Gynäk. 216, 175–183 (1974).Google Scholar
  160. Thorn, W., Kaufmann, P., Müldener, B., Freese, U.: Einfluß von 2,4-Dinitrophenol, Monojodacetat, Natriumfluorid und Hypoxie auf Plasmapolypenbildung in der Placenta von Meerschweinchen Arch. Gynäk. 221, 203–210 (1976).Google Scholar
  161. Twardock, A. R.: Placental transfer of calcium and strontium in the guinea pig. Amer. J. Physiol. 213,837–842(1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  162. Uhlendorf, B., Kaufmann, P.: Die Entwicklung des Placentastieles beim Meerschweinchen (in prep. 1977).Google Scholar
  163. Vollrath, L.: Das Enzymmuster der Meerschweinchenplacenta und seine Veränderungen im Verlauf der Schwangerschaft. Histochem. 4, 397–419 (1965).Google Scholar
  164. Welsch, F.: Choline acetyltransferase in aneural tissue: Evidence for the presence of the enzyme in the placenta of the guinea pig and other species. Amer. J. Obstet. Gynec. 118, 849–856 (1974).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  165. Wilde, W. S., Cowie, B., Flexner, L. B.: Permeability of the placenta of the guinea pig to inorganic phosphate and its relation to fetal growth. Amer. J. Physiol. 147, 360–369 (1946).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  166. Wislocki, G. B., Deane, H. W., Dempsey, E. W.: Histochemistry of the rodents placenta. Amer. J. Anat. 78, 281–346(1946).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  167. Wislocki, G. B., Dempsey, E. W.: Histochemical age-changes in normal and pathological placental villi (hydatiform mole, exlampsia). Endocrinology 38, 90–109 (1946a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  168. Wislocki, G. B., Dempsey, E. W.: Histochemical reactions in the placenta of the cat. Amer. J. Anat. 78, 1–46 (1946b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  169. Wislocki, G. B., Dempsey, E. W.: Histochemical reactions of the placenta of the pig. Amer. J. Anat. 78, 181–226 (1946c).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  170. Wislocki, G. B., Padykuly, H. A.: Reichert’s membrane and the yolk sac of the rat investigated by histochemical means. Amer. J. Anat. 92, 117–151 (1953).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  171. Wolfer, J., Kaufmann, P.: Die Ultrastruktur der Meerschweinchen-Subplacenta. (in prep. 1977).Google Scholar
  172. Wong, C. T., Morgan, E. H.: Placental transfer of iron in the guinea pig. Quart, J. exp. Physiol. 58, 47–58 (1973).Google Scholar
  173. Wynn, R. M.: Morphology of the placenta. In: Biology of gestation (ed. N. S. Assali), Vol. I. The maternal organism. P. 93–184. New York, London: Academic Press 1968.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin-Heidelberg 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Kaufmann
    • 1
  • Michail Davidoff
    • 2
  1. 1.Anatomical InstituteUniversity of HamburgHamburg 20Federal Republic of Germany
  2. 2.Regeneration Research LaboratoryBulgarian Academy of SciencesSofiaBulgaria

Personalised recommendations