The Carbon Balance of Diseased Plants: Changes in Respiration, Photosynthesis and Translocation

  • J. M. Daly
Part of the Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology book series (PLANT, volume 4)

Abstract

The carbon balance of parasitized tissues is obviously of importance in the economic impact of plant disease. In foliar disease, each of the principal processes governing carbon flow (photosynthesis, respiration, translocation) can be affected, producing profound imbalance which reduces productivity even in uninfected parts of the plant. Alterations in respiration and in translocation patterns of infected non-photosynthetic tissue, such as roots, may seriously disturb the normal events in non-parasitized, photosynthetic tissues. The successful parasite must necessarily create a carbon economy favorable for its own growth and sporulation because large pools of organic reserves are often required for subsequent germination.

Keywords

Chlorophyll Carbohydrate NADH Mannitol Quinone 

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